3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||204.36 g·mol−1|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Bisabolenes are a group of closely related natural chemical compounds which are classified as sesquiterpenes. Bisabolenes are produced from farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) and are present in the essential oils of a wide variety of plants including cubeb, lemon and oregano. Various derivates also function as pheromones in different insects, such as stink bugs and fruit flies. It has also been observed to be produced by several fungi, though it’s biological role in that group of organisms remains unclear.
Bisabolenes are intermediates in the biosynthesis of many other natural chemical compounds, including hernandulcin, a natural sweetener. β-Bisabolene has a balsamic odor and is approved in Europe as a food additive.
- “MetaCyc bisabolene biosynthesis (engineered)”. biocyc.org. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
- Aldrich, J.R.; Numata, H.; Borges, M.; Bin, F.; Waite, G.K.; Lusby, W.R. (1993). “Artifacts and pheromone blends from Nezara spp. and other stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)”. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. 48C: 73–79.
- Lu, F.; Teal, P.E. (2001). “Sex pheromone components in oral secretions and crop of male Caribbean fruit flies, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew)”. Arch Insect Biochem Physiol. 48 (3): 144–154. doi:10.1002/arch.1067.
- Spakowicz, Daniel J.; Strobel, Scott A. (2015). “Biosynthesis of hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds by fungi: bioengineering potential”. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 99 (12): 4943–4951. Retrieved 2016-02-22.
- Bisabolene derived sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis Archived November 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- (−)-β-bisabolene, flavornet.org