Cannabis in Slovakia is illegal. Possession or use of small amounts of cannabis (or only 1 joint) is punishable by up to eight years in prison. In April 2012, The Wall Street Journal reported that Robert Fico, the incoming Slovak prime minister, might push for partial legalisation of cannabis possession, and has argued for the legalisation of possession of up to three doses of cannabis for personal use.
In February 2018, Justice Minister Lucia Žitňanská raised the issue of decriminalization of drugs in Slovakia. For example, in the case of a first detained joint, a cannabis cigarette, the offender would be punished only by offense.[clarification needed] The criticism of the offense would only be highlighted after a repeated violation of the law within 12 months. However, the measure would not apply equally to all. For people under the age of 18, the automatic duty of medical diagnosis, social counseling, or even treatment of drug addiction would result. The decriminalized drugs and amounts were proposed as: cannabis up to 1g, pervitin up to 0.2g, heroin up to 0.5g, cocaine up to 0.3g.
Žitňanská also argued that the working group had been working on the proposal since 2013 and should help to improve the government's insight into drug traffickers, their punishment, and the uniform criminalization of drug users in the polluted sphere. Slovak National Party (SNS) officials disagreed with any law that would legalize drugs, ease access to their acquisition, or legitimize distribution and use. They[who?] also referred to the unsubstantiated allegations that they[who?] are closing people in jail in Slovakia. However, the SNS has emphasized that the prosecution is either more criminal or recidivist.[clarification needed] The SNS declined the decriminalization of small amounts of drugs; its leader Andrej Danko did not even want to deal with cannabis and said: "I do not believe we live in a state where 30% of young people try the drug." Rather than decriminalization, SNS highlighted prevention. They did not support the proposal to decriminalize the so-called hard drugs, which Žitňanská later proposed to remove for the purpose of coalition satisfaction. Žitňanská did not have the full support of her party in the struggle for a change in drug policy.
After Žitňanská left the Ministry of Justice, Gábor Gál joined the political party Most-Híd and assessed there was[when?] no political will in the government coalition to allow Justice Minister Gál to submit an amendment to the law on partial decriminalization of cannabis. Whether this issue is still open until the deadline for the ordinary parliamentary elections in 2020 is not yet known.
Legalization of CBD in Slovakia
The decision to drop Cannabidiol, CBD from the list of psychotropic CBDs, was justified by the amendment to the Act by the World Health Organization as being harmless and not causing dependence. This substance is not included in the United Nations (UN) Conventions. The law should come into effect on 1 January 2020.
According to its authors, the bill will be designed to increase social protection and prevent the occurrence of addiction to narcotics and psychotropic substances, including the prevention of treatment of health consequences of persons dependent on the use of these substances by making criminal sanctions more flexible. Illicit activities of entities involved in the illicit manufacture and sale of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
However, it will remain on this list once Members have decided cannabidiol (CBD) remains on the list of narcotic and psychotropic substances. Amendment by Jozef Valocký (Smer-SD) was approved by the members of the Parliamentary Health Committee at their meeting on Wednesday 09. october 2019. 
27 of the 28 countries in the European Union do not consider cannabidiol (CBD) cannabis extract as a dangerous substance and have no need to control it in any way. Slovakia is the only exception that continues.
- "High contrast". The Economist. London: Economist Newspaper. 26 August 2010. ISSN 0013-0613. OCLC 60625410. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Rousek, Leos (3 April 2012). "Slovakia's Incoming Leftist Premier Wants to Relax Tough Cannabis Laws". The Wall Street Journal. New York, NY: Dow Jones. ISSN 0099-9660. OCLC 43638285. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "Ako argumentovala Žitňanská?". focus.hnonline.sk.
- Dugovič, Matej. "Danko neverí, že tretina mladých skúsila drogu – tu sú dôkazy". dennikn.sk.
- "Minister Gál chce opäť otvoriť tému drogovej politiky, návrh najskôr predstaví SNS a Smeru-SD - Bleskové správy". bleskovespravy.sk. 14 June 2018.
- "V koalícii nie je v súčasnosti vôľa na čiastočnú dekriminalizáciu mäkkých drog". spravy.pravda.sk. 13 August 2018.