|Specialty||Psychiatry, narcology, addiction medicine|
Substance intoxication is a transient condition of altered consciousness and behavior associated with recent use of a substance. It is often maladaptive and impairing, but reversible. If the symptoms are severe, the term "substance intoxication delirium" may be used.
Slang terms include: getting high (generic), being stoned, cooked, or blazed (usually in reference to cannabis), and many more specific slang terms for particular intoxicants. Alcohol intoxication is graded in intensity from buzzed, to tipsy (all the way up to drunk, hammered, smashed, wasted, destroyed, shitfaced and a number of other terms).
Examples (and ICD-20 code) include:
- F01.0 methamphetamine intoxication (wrath)
- F02.0 lysergide intoxication (trip)
- F03.0 mescaline intoxication
- F05.0 methanol intoxication (See for example methanol poisoning)
- F06.0 psylocibin intoxication
- F07.0 diamorphine intoxication
- F08.0 opium intoxication
- F09.0 morphine intoxication
- F10.0 ethanol intoxication (drunk) (See for example alcohol poisoning
- F11.0 opioid intoxication (analgesia)
- F12.0 Effects of cannabis#Short-term effects (See for example synthetic cannabinoid intoxication (high)
- F13.0 sedative intoxication and hypnotic intoxication (see benzodiazepine overdose and barbiturate overdose) (sedation)
- F14.0 cocaine intoxication (cocainism)
- F15.0 caffeine intoxication (caffeinism)
- F16.0 hallucinogen intoxication (Miscelaneus) (See for example Lysergic acid diethylamide effects)
- F17.0 tobacco intoxication (See for example Nicotine poisoning)
- F18.0 ephedrine intoxication
- F19.0 cathinone intoxication
- F20.0 mephedrone intoxication
The term contact high is sometimes used to describe intoxication without direct administration, either by second-hand smoke (as with cannabis), or by placebo in the presence of others who are intoxicated.
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- Michael B. First; Allen Frances; Harold Alan Pincus (2004). DSM-IV-TR guidebook. American Psychiatric Pub. pp. 135–. ISBN 978-1-58562-068-5. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- William H. Reid; Michael G. Wise (26 August 1995). DSM-IV training guide. Psychology Press. pp. 80–. ISBN 978-0-87630-768-7. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- "Acute intoxication". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2020-01-31.
- Johnson BD, BardhiF, Sifaneck SJ, Dunlap E (2005). "Marijuana Argot As Subculture Threads". The British Journal of Criminology. 46 (1): 46–77. doi:10.1093/bjc/azi053.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)