Euphorbia hirta
Starr 080604-5935 Chamaesyce hirta.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
E. hirta
Binomial name
Euphorbia hirta
  • Chamaesyce gemella (Lag.) Small
  • Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  • Chamaesyce karwinskyi (Boiss.) Millsp.
  • Chamaesyce rosei Millsp.
  • Desmonema hirta (L.) Raf.
  • Euphorbia bancana Miq.
  • Euphorbia capitata Lam.
  • Euphorbia chrysochaeta W.Fitzg.
  • Euphorbia gemella Lag.
  • Euphorbia globulifera Kunth
  • Euphorbia karwinskyi Boiss.
  • Euphorbia nodiflora Steud.
  • Euphorbia obliterata Jacq.
  • Euphorbia verticillata Vell.
Euphorbia hirta in Panchkhal valley

Euphorbia hirta (sometimes called asthma-plant[3]) is a pantropical weed, originating from the tropical regions of the Americas.[4] It is a hairy herb that grows in open grasslands, roadsides and pathways in the warmer regions of India and Australia as an introduced species. It is used in traditional herbal medicine.[5]


This erect or prostrate annual herb can grow up to 60 cm (24 in) long with a solid, hairy stem that produces an abundant white latex.[6] There are stipules present. The leaves are simple, elliptical, hairy (on both upper and lower surfaces but particularly on the veins on the lower leaf surface), with a finely dentate margin. Leaves occur in opposite pairs on the stem. The flowers are unisexual and found in axillary cymes at each leaf node. They lack petals and are generally on a stalk. The fruit is a capsules with three valves and produces tiny, oblong, four-sided red seeds. It has a white or brown taproot.


  1. ^ "Euphorbia hirta". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Euphorbia hirta L.". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2019-07-20.
  3. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. ^ "The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney PlantNET Database Entry". Royal Botanical Gardens Sydney. Retrieved 2021-01-23.
  5. ^ Kumar S, Malhotra R, Kumar D (2010). "Euphorbia hirta: Its chemistry, traditional and medicinal uses, and pharmacological activities". Pharmacognosy Reviews. 4 (7): 58–61. doi:10.4103/0973-7847.65327. PMC 3249903. PMID 22228942.
  6. ^ "Open Source for Weed Assessment in Lowland Paddy Fields (OSWALD)". Asia IT&C Programme of the European Union. 2007-07-21. Archived from the original on July 9, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013.

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