Cannabis Ruderalis

Bhang, a cannabis-infused beverage, advertised in India.

Cannabis has many different names, including more than 1,200 slang terms, and more than 2,300 names for individual strains. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of the substance. The dried leaves and flowers harvested from cannabis have many uses.[1]

Names for cannabis[edit]

Earliest recorded name[edit]

Ma, a Chinese name for hemp, predates written history and has been used to describe medical marijuana since at least 2700 BCE.[2]

Ancient language names[edit]

Ancient language names for cannabis originating before the 5th century (400 CE) include:

  • Bhaṅgā (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Gañjikā (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Hursīnī (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Kάνναβις (Kánnabis), Greek[5]
  • قنب (Kinnab or Quinnab), Arabic[4]
  • Kunnabu, Akkadian[6]

Traditional, regional language names[edit]

Hemp is an English name for the cannabis plant. Traditional, regional language names for cannabis or marijuana include:

  • भांग (Bhang), Hindi[4]
  • Bhaṅgā (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Bhangi (Swahili)[7]
  • Cáñamo (Spanish)[8]
  • Canapa (Italian)[9]
  • Cần sa (Vietnamese)[10]
  • Chamba (Chichewa)[11]
  • Chanvre (French)[4]
  • चरस (Charas), Hindi[4]
  • Dagga (Afrikaans)[12]
  • Diamba (Kimbundu)[13][14]
  • Esrar (Turkish)[15]
  • ගංජා (Gaṁjā), Sinhala[14]
  • Gandia (Mauritius)[16]
  • Ganja (Hindi)[4][17]
  • గంజాయి (Gan̄jāyi), Telugu[14]
  • Gañjikā (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Grifa (Mexican Spanish)[18]
  • Hanf (German)[4]
  • Hamp (Danish)[19]
  • Hampa (Swedish)[19]
  • Hamppu (Finnish)[20]
  • Hemp (English)[4][17]
  • Hennep (Dutch)[21]
  • Hursīnī (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Injaga (Rwanda)[22]
  • കഞ്ചാവ് (Kañcāv), Malayalam[14]
  • Kaņepes (Latvian)[23]
  • កញ្ឆា (Kanhchhea), Khmer[14]
  • Kan-jac (Panamanian Spanish)[24]
  • Kάνναβις (Kánnabis), Greek[5]
  • กัญชา (Kạỵchā), Thai[25]
  • Kenevir (Turkish)[26]
  • قنب (Kinnab or Quinnab), Arabic[4]
  • Konopí (Czech)[27]
  • Konopie (Polish)[28]
  • Конопля (Konoplya), Russian[29]
  • 麻 (Má), Chinese[3]
  • Ma-kaña (Bantu)[30]
  • Maconha (Portuguese)[31]
  • Mbanje (Shona)[32]
  • Pakalolo (Hawaiian)[33]
  • Pango (Portuguese)[14]
  • Potiguaya (Spanish)[17]
  • 삼 (Sam-gwa), Korean[34]
  • Siddhi (Bengali)[4]
  • ဆေးခြောက် (Se-gyauk), Myanmar[35]
  • Spak brus (Hiri)[36]
  • 大麻 (Taima), Japanese[37]

English names[edit]

Hemp and cannabis, the botanical name assigned in the mid-eighteenth century, describe the entire cannabis plant for all its uses. Dried preparations of the plant are also called ganja, one of the oldest and most commonly used synonyms for marijuana.[17][30][38] Common English names for cannabis or marijuana include:

Latin, botanical names[edit]

Cannabis is the Latin, or scientific name, for the hemp plant.[41] Names for recognized species include:

Slang names for cannabis[edit]

Pot, a common slang name for marijuana, on a sign at a 2012 cannabis rights demonstration in New York City

Names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Traditional names for preparations of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis extracts[edit]

Names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

English names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

Names for parts of a cannabis flower[edit]

Therapeutic compounds isolated from cannabis[edit]

Names for cannabis strains[edit]

Three strain varieties at a recreational dispensary in Denver, Colorado

Names for traditional heirloom cannabis strains[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis strains[edit]

Extract of White Pineapple cannabis strain packaged for retail sale

Commercial cannabis growers and retailers have given individual strains more than 2,300 names,[54] including:

Indica strains[edit]

Sativa strains[edit]

Indica-dominant hybrid strains[edit]

Sativa-dominant hybrid strains[edit]

Other hybrid strains[edit]

Wild cannabis strains[edit]

Terms for consuming cannabis[edit]

Names describing methods of consuming cannabis[edit]

Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:

Slang names for cannabis consumption[edit]

Terms describing the effects of cannabis[edit]

English names for the effects of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for the effects of cannabis[edit]

Terms relating to the cannabis subculture[edit]

Slang names for cannabis cigarettes[edit]

Slang names for a package or a specific amount of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis consumer[edit]

See also[edit]


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  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Torkelson 1996.
  5. ^ a b Booth, Martin (June 16, 2015). "The Fragrant Cane". Cannabis: A History, p. 2. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 978-1-25008-219-0.
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External links[edit]

Media related to Cannabis by strain at Wikimedia Commons

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