Cannabis was banned in Burma in 1870 (or 1874) while under British rule, however there continued to be a demand for cannabis, primarily among Indian workers. Noting this continuing demand, primarily among Indian workers rather than local Burmese, the Burmese government legalized and taxed cannabis beginning in 1939.
- James H. Mills (11 September 2003). Cannabis Britannica: Empire, Trade, and Prohibition 1800-1928. OUP Oxford. pp. 110–. ISBN 978-0-19-155465-0.
- A. Wright (21 November 2013). Opium and Empire in Southeast Asia: Regulating Consumption in British Burma. Springer. pp. 82–. ISBN 978-1-137-31760-5.