Cannabis Ruderalis

Cannabis in Malta is legal, within limits. In 2018, the Parliament of Malta legalised medical cannabis. On 14 December 2021, the Parliament of Malta legalised recreational cannabis for personal use, becoming the first EU country to do so.[1][2]


In 2015, Malta introduced new policies to decriminalise cannabis. Simple possession will still remain an "arrestable offense" is for the police to be able to fight drug trafficking, and says that the possession of a minimal amount of drugs (3.5g) for personal consumption will effectively be decriminalised. First-time offenders will be handed fines of between €50 and €100 in the case of cannabis possession. Repeat offenders will appear before a Drug Offenders Rehabilitation Board, headed by retired Chief of Justice, which will set conditions for rehabilitation. Breaching the conditions would be tantamount to a criminal offense. The Magistrates Court - in cases not involving the use of weapons or violence - would be able to act as a Drugs Court and refer the accused for treatment to the rehabilitation board.[3][4]

Medical cannabis[edit]

Sativex was approved for prescription use in 2015. As of July 2017, however, no patients have been treated with it.[5]

In March 2018, the Maltese president signed into law legislation approving medical cannabis with a prescription, though the legislation did not detail which specific conditions would merit the use of cannabis.[6][7]

Recreational cannabis[edit]

On 18 February 2021, Prime Minister Robert Abela announced plans to introduce a law that would legalize possession of a small amount of cannabis and plants for personal use.[8]

On 14 December 2021, recreational cannabis has been partly legalized. It is legal to carry around up to 7 g cannabis. It is also legal to found cannabis associations. The associations can cultivate cannabis to distribute among members, up to a maximum of 7g per day and 50g per month. Smoking in public remains banned.

Each household may grow up to 4 plants. [9]

The law came into force with the signature of President George Vella on 18 December 2021.[10]

Guerrilla gardening[edit]

In 2014 news media reported that cannabis saplings were appearing in roundabouts and centre strips in Gozo and Zebbug.[11]


Further reading[edit]

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