A path between some bamboo.

The flora of China is diverse. More than 30,000 plant species are native to China, representing nearly one-eighth of the world's total plant species, including thousands found nowhere else on Earth.

China contains a variety of several many forest types. Both northeast and northwest reaches contain mountains and cold coniferous forests, supporting animal species which include moose and Asiatic black bear, along with some 120 types of birds. Moist conifer forests can have thickets of bamboo as an understorey, replaced by rhododendrons in higher montane stands of juniper and yew. Subtropical forests, which dominate central and southern China, support an astounding 146,000 species of flora. Tropical rainforest and seasonal rainforests, though confined to Yunnan and Hainan Island, contain a quarter of all the plant and animal species found in China.

The flora of China has an online database which gives both a taxon's description and its taxonomy.[1] (see also, List of electronic floras.)

Cultural significance[edit]

Title Symbol Picture
National tree Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba) 李白亲栽的银杏树 - panoramio.jpg
National flower Peony (Paeonia) Paeonia × festiva 'Rosea Plena'.JPG
National fruits Fuzzy kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa)

Jujube/Chinese Dates (Ziziphus jujuba)

Jujube mure.jpg
National vegetable Bok Choi (Brassica rapa chinensis) Bok Choy.JPG
National crops Rice (Oryza sativa)

Soya beans (Glycine max)
Upland rice growing under immature rubber trees.JPG

Glycine max 003.JPG


External links[edit]