Euphorbia hirta

Euphorbia hirta
Starr 080604-5935 Chamaesyce hirta.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
E. hirta
Binomial name
Euphorbia hirta

Chamaescye hirta (L.) Millsp

Euphorbia hirta in Panchkhal valley

Euphorbia hirta (sometimes called asthma-plant[1]) is a pantropical weed, possibly native to India. It is a hairy herb that grows in open grasslands, roadsides and pathways. It is used in traditional herbal medicine.[2]


This erect or prostrate annual herb can grow up to 60 cm (24 in) long with a solid, hairy stem that produces an abundant white latex.[3] There are stipules present. The leaves are simple, elliptical, hairy (on both upper and lower surfaces but particularly on the veins on the lower leaf surface), with a finely dentate margin. Leaves occur in opposite pairs on the stem. The flowers are unisexual and found in axillary cymes at each leaf node. They lack petals and are generally on a stalk. The fruit is a capsules with three valves and produces tiny, oblong, four-sided red seeds. It has a white or brown taproot.

Common names[edit]

  • Bengali: boro-keruie, barokhervi[2]
  • English: pill-bearing spurge, asthma plant, hairy spurge, garden spurge, pillpod sandman [2]
  • Gujarati: dudeli[2]
  • Hawaiian: koko kahiki
  • Hindi: baridhudi, dudh ghas, dudhi[2]
  • Indonesia: patikan kebo
  • Kinaray-a: tawa-tawa
  • Luganda: kasandanda
  • Malay: ara tanah, gelang, susu, ambin jantan, keremak susu
  • Nepali: dudhe jhar
  • Nigeria, Yoruba: emi-ile
  • Sanskrit: chara, amampatchairasi, barokheruie[2]
  • Seychelles Creole: zan rober
  • Spanish, Puerto Rico: tripa de pollo
  • Swahili: mwache
  • Tagalog: tawa-tawa, gatas-gatas
  • Tamil: ammaan pachcharisi[2]
  • Telugu: reddivari nanabalu, reddinananbrolu, bidarie [2]
  • Twi: kaka wie adwie
  • Urdu: lal dodhak[2]
  • Sinhala : Kaepum Keeriya


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kumar S, Malhotra R, Kumar D (2010). "Euphorbia hirta: Its chemistry, traditional and medicinal uses, and pharmacological activities". Pharmacognosy Reviews. 4 (7): 58–61. doi:10.4103/0973-7847.65327. PMC 3249903. PMID 22228942.
  3. ^ "Open Source for Weed Assessment in Lowland Paddy Fields (OSWALD)". Asia IT&C Programme of the European Union. 2007-07-21. Retrieved August 30, 2013.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]