A 1977 United States Congressional report noted that cannabis in Burundi was illegal, with cultivation, transport, or possession punishable by fines of 100–100,000 francs, though rarely enforced. It noted too that cannabis was sometimes called chanvre a fumer in regional French by older and poorer elements of the population.
- United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control (1977). Decriminalization of Marihuana: Hearings Before the Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control, House of Representatives, Ninety-fifth Congress, First Session, March 14, 15, and 16, 1977. U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 22–.