Momordin is one of several saponins derived from oleanolic acid, a triterpenoid. These chemical compounds are found in some plants of the genus Momordica, which includes the bitter melon (M. charantia) and the balsam apple (M. balsamina), as well as in other Asian herbal medicine plants such as Kochia scoparia and Ampelopsis radix.[1][2]

Momordins include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Matsuda, H.; Li, Y.; Yamahara, J.; Yoshikawa, M. (1999). "Inhibition of gastric emptying by triterpene saponin, momordin Ic, in mice: Roles of blood glucose, capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves, and central nervous system". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 289 (2): 729–734. PMID 10215646.
  2. ^ a b c d Iwamoto, M.; Okabe, H.; Yamauchi, T. (1985). "Studies on the constituents of Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng. II. Isolation and characterization of the root saponins, Momordins I, II and III". Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 33: 1–7. doi:10.1248/cpb.33.1.
  3. ^ Juhyung Lee; Chi-Hoon Park; Wook-Hwan Kim; Yun Ha Hwang; Kyungchae jeong & Chul-Hak Yang (