Cannabis in Lithuania is illegal for recreational use, but legislation allowing for medical use was approved in October 2018. In 2013 the cultivation of industrial hemp was legalized.
In 2013 Lithuania was the only country in the European Union which banned the cultivation of industrial hemp, and in September that year by a vote of 66–16 the government elected to legalize industrial hemp, pending the president's signature and to take effect at the start of 2014.
A law allowing for medical use of cannabis was approved by the Seimas on 11 October 2018, with an effective date of 1 May 2019. As of the effective date no medications were available in pharmacies, however.
- Liepa Želnienė (23 May 2013). "Lithuania legalizes industrial cannabis". 15min.lt. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- "Cannabis activists to gather in Vilnius". Baltictimes.com. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- Merkytė, Vytautė (11 October 2018). "Seimas pritarė medicininių kanapių legalizavimui" (in Lithuanian). Delfi.lt. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
- Jackūnaitė, Kristina (20 April 2019). "Vaistų iš kanapių kol kas nebus: ministerija kaltinama abejingumu". lrt.lt. Retrieved 18 May 2019.