3-Hydroxybenzoic acid
3-hydroxybenzoic acid.svg
Names
IUPAC name
3-Hydroxybenzoic acid
Other names
m-Hydroxybenzoic acid
meta-Hydroxybenzoic acid
3-Carboxyphenol
m-Salicylic acid
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.002.478
UNII
Properties
C7H6O3
Molar mass 138.12 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

3-Hydroxybenzoic acid is a monohydroxybenzoic acid.

Preparation[edit]

3-Hydroxybenzoic acid can be obtained by the alkali fusion of 3-sulfobenzoic acid between 210 – 220°C.[1]

Natural occurrence[edit]

3-Hydroxybenzoic acid is a component of castoreum, the exudate from the castor sacs of the mature North American beaver (Castor canadensis) and the European beaver (Castor fiber), used in perfumery.

It can also be formed by a Pseudomonas species from 3-Chlorobenzoic acid.[2]

3-Hydroxybenzoic Acid can be found in the pineapple fruit as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clarke, M. F.; Owen, L. N. (1950). "434. Alicyclic glycols. Part V. 3-Hydroxymethylcyclohexanol". Journal of the Chemical Society (Resumed): 2108–2115. doi:10.1039/JR9500002108.
  2. ^ H.W. Johnston, G.G. Briggs and M. Alexander (1972). "Metabolism of 3-chlorobenzoic acid by a pseudomonad". Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 4 (2): 187–190. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(72)90010-7.