List of names for cannabis

420, a slang name for cannabis, written on a train in New Jersey

Cannabis has many different names, including more than 1,200 slang terms. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of cannabis.[1]

Names for cannabis[edit]

English name[edit]

Hemp is the English, or common name for the cannabis plant.[2]

Traditional, regional language names[edit]

Traditional language names for cannabis include:

  • Bhang (Hindi)[3]
  • Bhaṅgā (Sanskrit)[3]
  • Bhangi (Swahili)[4]
  • Bhenbin (Myanmar)[3]
  • Cáñamo (Spanish)[5]
  • Chamba (Chichewa)[6]
  • Chanvre (French)[3]
  • Charas (Hindi)[3]
  • Dagga (Afrikaans)[7]
  • Diamba (Sierra Leone)[8]
  • Gandia (Mauritius)[9]
  • Ganja (Hindi)[2][3]
  • Gañjikā (Sanskrit)[3]
  • Hanf (German)[3]
  • Hemp (English)[2][3]
  • Hursīnī (Sanskrit)[3]
  • Injaga (Rwanda)[10]
  • Kan-jac (Panamanian Spanish)[11]
  • قنب (Kinnab or Quinnab), Arabic[3]
  • 麻 (Ma), Chinese[12]
  • Ma-kaña (Bantu)[13]
  • Maconha (Portuguese)[14]
  • Mbanje (Zimbabwe)[15]
  • Potiguaya (Spanish)[2]
  • 삼 (Sam-gwa), Korean[16]
  • Siddhi (Bengali)[3]
  • Spak brus (Hiri)[17]
  • 大麻 (Taima), Japanese[18]

Latin, scientific names[edit]

Cannabis is the Latin, or scientific name for the entire plant hemp, legally named marijuana or marihuana in some jurisdictions.[19] Names for three recognized species include:

Slang names for cannabis[edit]

The slang word marihuana was first used in the United States in the early part of the twentieth century, and was popularized to demonize and eventually ban cannabis in the 1930s. Since then, the word marijuana has evolved to become a widely-recognized term describing cannabis used as a drug.[13]

Most slang names for cannabis date to the jazz era. Weed is a commonly used slang name for cannabis. New slang names, like trees, came into use early in the twenty-first century.[2][19][21]

Slang names[edit]

Slang names for cannabis identified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration[edit]

Whether all of these terms are slang names is disputed by some scholars, including writers at The Boston Globe and Reason Magazine.[24][30] Slang names for cannabis that were identified by the Drug Enforcement Administration in 2017–2018 and are not corroborated by another source include:

Slang names for good-quality cannabis[edit]

Slang names for poor-quality cannabis[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis cigarette[edit]

Slang names for a package or a specific amount of cannabis[edit]

Names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Traditional names for preparations of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis extracts[edit]

Names for cannabis strains[edit]

Traditional names for heirloom strains[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis strains[edit]

Controversial strain names[edit]

Several names for cannabis strains have been controversial.[45] Disputed strain names include:

Categorized names for strains[edit]

Cannabis breeders and retailers have named strains to describe effects.[47] Classification system strain names include:

Names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

English names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

Names for parts of a cannabis flower[edit]

Scientific names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

Latin, scientific names for therapeutic compounds isolated from cannabis[edit]

Terms for consuming cannabis[edit]

Names describing methods of consuming cannabis[edit]

Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:

Slang names for cannabis consumption[edit]

Terms describing cannabis’ effects[edit]

English names for the effects of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis’ effects[edit]

Terms relating to the cannabis subculture[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis consumer[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az Steinmetz, Katy (April 20, 2017). “420 Day: Why There Are So Many Different Names for Weed”. Time. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Linder, Courtney (April 19, 2015). “Pot patois: A comprehensive etymology of marijuana”. The Pitt News.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Torkelson 1996.
  4. ^ Medical Proceedings: Mediese Bydraes. Juta and Company. 1958.
  5. ^ Sherrard, Melissa (May 31, 2017). “Where Did The Word ‘Marijuana’ Come From?”. Civilized.
  6. ^ World Health Organization. Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (2005). Mental Health Atlas 2005. World Health Organization. pp. 296–. ISBN 978-92-4-156296-6.
  7. ^ “Online Etymology Dictionary”.
  8. ^ Emmanuel Akyeampong; Allan G Hill; Arthur M Kleinman (1 May 2015). The Culture of Mental Illness and Psychiatric Practice in Africa. Indiana University Press. pp. 39–. ISBN 978-0-253-01304-0.
  9. ^ Tom Cleary (1 April 2011). Mauritius – Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture. Kuperard. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-1-85733-546-0.
  10. ^ Christian Rätsch (March 2001). Marijuana Medicine: A World Tour of the Healing and Visionary Powers of Cannabis. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 128–. ISBN 978-0-89281-933-1.
  11. ^ Rowan Robinson (1996). The Great Book of Hemp: The Complete Guide to the Environmental, Commercial, and Medicinal Uses of the World’s Most Extraordinary Plant. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 58–. ISBN 978-0-89281-541-8.
  12. ^ Jann Gumbiner Ph.D. (May 10, 2011), “History of Cannabis in Ancient China”, Psychology Today
  13. ^ a b Belville, Russ (March 14, 2016). Marijuana’ Is Not A Racist Word”. High Times.
  14. ^ Gabriel G. Nahas (28 July 2017). Revival: Cannabis Physiopathology Epidemiology Detection (1992). CRC Press. pp. 322–. ISBN 978-1-351-36781-3.
  15. ^ Ncube, Leonard (9 July 2017). “Zim to legalise mbanje . . . Govt considers drug use for medical purposes”. The Sunday News. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  16. ^ 한반도 자생식물 영어이름 목록집: English Names For Korean Native Plants. Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 386. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5.
  17. ^ Cyndi Banks (2000). Developing Cultural Criminology: Theory and Practice in Papua New Guinea. Institute of Criminology. ISBN 978-1-86487-321-4.
  18. ^ Mitchell, Jon (December 5, 2014), “The Secret History of Cannabis in Japan 日本における大麻の秘史”, Asia-Pacific Journal, 12 (49)
  19. ^ a b c Yagoda, Ben (March 5, 2014). “How Weed Became the Hippest Slang Term for Marijuana”. Lexicon Valley.
  20. ^ a b c Loran C. Anderson (1980). “Leaf variation among Cannabis species from a controlled garden”. Harvard University Botanical Museum Leaflets. 28 (1): 61–69.
  21. ^ a b McKee Simmons, Kate (June 16, 2017). “The ABCs of Marijuana Slang From the DEA”. Westword.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae “Embrace 4/20 With These Nicknames For All Things Weed”. The Huffington Post. April 20, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih Green, Johnny (April 29, 2011). “List of Marijuana Slang Terms”. The Weed Blog.
  24. ^ a b Davis, Zuri (July 10, 2018). “The DEA’s List of Cannabis Slang Is Predictably Hilarious: Does anyone actually call weed “shoe”?”. Reason Magazine.
  25. ^ John Charles Chasteen (9 February 2016). Getting High: Marijuana through the Ages. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 140–. ISBN 978-1-4422-5470-1.
  26. ^ Tom Dalzell (25 July 2008). The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang and Unconventional English. Routledge. p. 673. ISBN 1-134-19478-1.
  27. ^ Thomas Kemper Hitch; Robert M. Kamins (1992). Islands in Transition: The Past, Present, and Future of Haiwaii’s Economy. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 225–. ISBN 978-0-8248-1498-4.
  28. ^ Wright, Julia (May 6, 2016). “Bye Bye, Baggie: 5 Elegant Storage Boxes For Your Stash”. Civilized.
  29. ^ Stoned, I.M. (2014). “Dope: The 200 Most Awesome Things About Weed”. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781440586231.
  30. ^ Reiss, Jaclyn (July 10, 2018). “The DEA just put out a new list of slang terms for marijuana, and some of them are pretty hilarious”. The Boston Globe.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc Slang Terms and Code Words: A Reference for Law Enforcement Personnel (PDF) (Report). Drug Enforcement Agency. July 2018. p. 6. DEA-HOU-DIR-022-18. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar Marin, Cheech; Chong, Tommy (2013). “Cheech & Chong’s Almost Legal Book for Stoners”. Running Press. pp. 166–170. ISBN 9780762449873.
  33. ^ Tom Dalzell; Terry Victor (31 October 2007). Vice Slang. Routledge. pp. 116–. ISBN 978-1-134-19484-1.
  34. ^ “Joint”. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  35. ^ a b c d e “Drugs of Abuse: Marijuana/Cannabis factsheet”. Drug Enforcement Administration. 2015.
  36. ^ Rahn, Bailey (May 5, 2015). “What Are Cannabis Oil, Shatter, and Wax Extracts?”. Leafly.
  37. ^ a b “Hashish”. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  38. ^ David McDonald; Rhonda Moore; Jennifer Norberry; Grant Wardlaw; Nicola Ballenden (1994), “Cannabis in context: history, laws and international treaties”, Legislative options for cannabis use in Australia
  39. ^ Woo, Elaine (April 13, 1999). Brownie Mary’ Rathbun Dies; Advocated Medical Marijuana”. Los Angeles Times.
  40. ^ Colella, Kristin (February 6, 2014). “Cooking With Cannabis: 8 Delicious Marijuana Recipes”.
  41. ^ a b “Why marijuana concentrates are cause for confusion”. The Cannabist. June 18, 2015.
  42. ^ Bennett, Patrick. “What Are Live Resin Cannabis Concentrates?”. Leafly. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Escondido, Nico (October 9, 2014). “25 Greatest Strains of All Time”. High Times.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Schleuss, Jon (2017). “Medical marijuana name game”. Los Angeles Times.
  45. ^ a b c d e Guy, Nice (May 24, 2017). “Oregon Liquor Control Commission Deems Strain Names Unsuitable For Children”. Cannabis Chronicles.
  46. ^ a b c d e William, David (March 8, 2017). “What’s in a Name? Cannabis Grower Creates New Consumer-Friendly Marijuana Classifications”. Small Business Trends.
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Olson, Al (March 30, 2017). “Green Crack? This Cannabis Grower Wants To Lose The Silly Marijuana Strain Names: Gorilla Glue? Hog’s Breath? California cultivator has a better way”. The Fresh Toast.
  48. ^ a b c d Aizpurua-Olaizola, Oier; Soydaner, Umut; Öztürk, Ekin; Schibano, Daniele; Simsir, Yilmaz; Navarro, Patricia; Etxebarria, Nestor; Usobiaga, Aresatz (2016-02-02). “Evolution of the Cannabinoid and Terpene Content during the Growth ofCannabis sativaPlants from Different Chemotypes”. Journal of Natural Products. 79 (2): 324–331. doi:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00949. PMID 26836472.
  49. ^ “What are Terpenes? A Cannabis Enthusiast’s Guide to Understanding Terpenes”. CannaInsider. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  50. ^ a b “Wellness Center – Marijuana”. American University. 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  51. ^ Nall, Elizabeth (August 8, 2017). “Minnesota’s medical marijuana can be rubbed into your skin”. The Laughing Grass.
  52. ^ Gieringer, Dale H.; Joseph St. Laurent; Scott Goodrich (2004). “Cannabis Vaporizer Combines Efficient Delivery of THC with Effective Suppression of Pyrolytic Compounds” (PDF). Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. 4 (1): 7–27. doi:10.1300/J175v04n01_02. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  53. ^ “Vape”. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  54. ^ Ernest Small (14 October 2016). Cannabis: A Complete Guide. CRC Press. pp. 341–. ISBN 978-1-315-35059-2.
  55. ^ Roberts, Michael (September 22, 2014). “Urban Dictionary for Pot? Ten Definitions From Ganjapreneur’s Marijuana Slang Site”. Westword.
  56. ^ Booth, Martin (2004), Cannabis: A History, St. Martin’s Press, p. 212.


External links[edit]