Panchagavya or panchakavyam is a mixture used in traditional Hindu rituals that is prepared by mixing five products of cow. The three direct constituents are cow dung, urine, and milk; the two derived products are curd and ghee. These are mixed in proper ratio and then allowed to ferment. The Sanskrit word panchagavya means “mixture of five cow products”.
When used in Ayurvedic medicine, it is also called cowpathy. Proponents claim that cow urine therapy is capable of curing several diseases, including certain types of cancer, although these claims have no scientific backing. In fact, studies concerning ingesting individual components of panchagavya, such as cow urine, have shown no positive benefit, and significant side effects, including convulsion, depressed respiration, and death. Cow’s urine can also be a source of harmful bacteria and infectious diseases, including leptospirosis.
Panchgavya is also used as a fertilizer and pesticide in agricultural operations. Proponents claim that it is a growth promoter in the poultry diet, it is capable of increasing the growth of plankton for fish feed, it increases the production of milk in cows, increases the weight of pigs, and increases the egg laying capacity of poultry.
It is sometimes used as a base in cosmetic products.
Preparation of panchagavya
Panchagavya consists of nine products: cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, jaggery, ghee, banana, tender coconut, and water.[contradictory] The cow dung and urine are thoroughly mixed in the morning and evening, and kept for 3 days. After setting, it is mixed regularly for another 15 days, and then added to the other ingredients, and left to sit for another 30 days. Panchagavya is stored in a wide-mouthed earthen pot or concrete tank in open. Sufficient shade is usually provided. It is sometimes diluted before use. The process should be conducted stepwise.
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Results of the experiments show that both “cow’s urine” and nicotine cause excitement in low doses and cause convulsion and/or death in higher doses. Both also depress respiration.
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