Condiment

Salt, pepper, and sugar are commonly placed on Western restaurant tables.

A condiment or table sauce is a spice, sauce, or preparation (such as onions) that is added to food to impart a specific flavor, to enhance the flavor,[1] or, in some cultures, to complement the dish. The term originally described pickled or preserved foods, but its meaning has changed over time.[2]

Many condiments, such as mustard or ketchup, are available in single-serving packets, commonly when supplied with take-out or fast-food meals. The diner usually applies them, but they are sometimes added prior to serving, for example, in a sandwich made with ketchup, mustard or mayonnaise. Some condiments are used during cooking to add flavor or texture; barbecue sauce, compound butter, teriyaki sauce, soy sauce, and marmite and sour cream are examples.

The term condiment comes from the Latin condimentum, meaning “spice, seasoning, sauce” and from the Latin condere, meaning “preserve, pickle, season”.[3]

Definition[edit]

Tray of condiments and spices

Various condiments at Sangha market, Mali 1992

The exact definition of a condiment varies. Some definitions encompass spices and herbs, including salt pepper,[4] using the term interchangeably with seasoning.[5] Others restrict the definition to include only “prepared food compound[s], containing one or more spices”, which are added to food after the cooking process, such as mustard, ketchup or mint sauce.[5] Cheese is also considered a condiment in some European countries.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Condiments were known in Ancient Rome, Ancient India, Ancient Greece and Ancient China. There is a myth that before food preservation techniques were widespread, pungent spices and condiments were used to make the food more palatable,[6] but this claim is not supported by any evidence or historical record.[7] The Romans made the condiments garum and liquamen by crushing the innards of various fish and then ferment it in salt, resulting in a liquid containing glutamic acid, suitable for enhancing the flavor of food. This process would lead to a flourishing condiment industry.[3] Apicius, a cookbook based on fourth and fifth century cuisine, contains a section based solely on condiments.[3]

Aioli was mentioned as a condiment in the writings of 1st-century historian Pliny the Elder.[citation needed]

List of condiments[edit]

Condiment market in the United States[edit]

The condiment market refers to the marketing and consumer purchase of condiments.

In the United States, condiment market was valued at USD 5.6 billion in 2010 and is estimated to grow to USD 7 billion by 2015.[8] The condiment market is the second largest in specialty foods behind that of cheese.[8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster: Definition of condiment
  2. ^ Smith, pp. 144–146
  3. ^ a b c Nealon
  4. ^ Collins: Definition Condiment
  5. ^ a b Farrell, p. 291
  6. ^ Farrell, p. 297
  7. ^ According to Paul Freedman, the idea is presented as a fact even by some modern scholars, despite the lack of any credible support; Freedman (2008), pp. 3–4
  8. ^ a b Sax, David (October 7, 2010). “Spreading the Love”. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 9 October 2010.

Sources[edit]