Alpha-1A adrenergic receptor

AliasesADRA1A, ADRA1C, ADRA1L1, ALPHA1AAR, adrenoceptor alpha 1A
External IDsOMIM: 104221 MGI: 104773 HomoloGene: 68078 GeneCards: ADRA1A
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 8 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 8 (human)[1]
Chromosome 8 (human)
Genomic location for ADRA1A
Genomic location for ADRA1A
Band8p21.2Start26,748,150 bp[1]
End26,867,278 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE ADRA1A 211490 at fs.png

PBB GE ADRA1A 211491 at fs.png

PBB GE ADRA1A 211492 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)


RefSeq (protein)


Location (UCSC)Chr 8: 26.75 – 26.87 MbChr 14: 66.64 – 66.77 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

The alpha-1A adrenergic receptor1A adrenoreceptor), also known as ADRA1A, formerly known also as the alpha-1C adrenergic receptor,[5] is an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor, and also denotes the human gene encoding it.[6] There is no longer a subtype α1C receptor. At one time, there was a subtype known as α1C, but it was found to be identical to the previously discovered α1A receptor subtype. To avoid confusion, the naming convention was continued with the letter D.


There are 3 alpha-1 adrenergic receptor subtypes: alpha-1A, -1B and -1D, all of which signal through the Gq/11 family of G-proteins. Different subtypes show different patterns of activation. The majority of alpha-1 receptors are directed toward the function of epinephrine, a hormone that has to do with the fight-or-flight response.


This gene encodes the alpha-1A-adrenergic receptor. Alternative splicing of this gene generates four transcript variants, which encode four different isoforms with distinct C-termini but having similar ligand binding properties.[6]



  • 6-(5-fluoro-2-pyrimidin-5-yl-phenyl)-6,7-dihydro-5H-pyrrolo[1,2-a]imidazole: EC50 = 1nM, Emax = 65%; good selectivity over α1B, α1D and α2A subtypes[7]
  • further partial agonistic imidazole compounds[8][9]
  • A-61603[10]
  • Metaraminol


Role in neural circuits[edit]

α1A-adrenergic receptor subtypes increase inhibition at dendrodendritic synapses, suggesting a synaptic mechanism for noradrenergic modulation of olfactory driven behaviors.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000120907 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000045875 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Langer SZ (1998). "Nomenclature and state of the art on alpha1-adrenoceptors". Eur. Urol. 33 Suppl 2: 2–6. doi:10.1159/000052227. PMID 9556189.
  6. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: ADRA1A adrenergic, alpha-1A-, receptor".
  7. ^ Roberts LR, Fish PV, Ian Storer R, Whitlock GA (April 2009). "6,7-Dihydro-5H-pyrrolo[1,2-a] imidazoles as potent and selective alpha(1A) adrenoceptor partial agonists". Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 19 (11): 3113–7. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.03.166. PMID 19414260.
  8. ^ Whitlock GA, Brennan PE, Roberts LR, Stobie A (April 2009). "Potent and selective alpha(1A) adrenoceptor partial agonists-Novel imidazole frameworks". Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 19 (11): 3118–21. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.03.162. PMID 19394220.
  9. ^ Roberts LR, Bryans J, Conlon K, McMurray G, Stobie A, Whitlock GA (December 2008). "Novel 2-imidazoles as potent, selective and CNS penetrant alpha1A adrenoceptor partial agonists". Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 18 (24): 6437–40. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.10.066. PMID 18980842.
  10. ^ Knepper SM, Buckner SA, Brune ME, DeBernardis JF, Meyer MD, Hancock AA (1995). "A-61603, a potent alpha 1-adrenergic receptor agonist, selective for the alpha 1A receptor subtype". J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 274 (1): 97–103. PMID 7616455.
  11. ^ Zimnik NC, Treadway T, Smith RS, Araneda RC (2013). "α(1A)-Adrenergic regulation of inhibition in the olfactory bulb". J. Physiol. 591 (Pt 7): 1631–43. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2012.248591. PMC 3624843. PMID 23266935.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]