List of names for cannabis

420, a slang name for cannabis, written on a train in New Jersey

Cannabis has many different names, including more than 1,200 slang terms. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of cannabis.[1]

Names for cannabis[edit]

Earliest recorded name[edit]

Ma, a Chinese name for hemp, predates written history and has been used to describe medical marijuana since at least 2700 BCE.[2]

Ancient language names[edit]

Ancient language names for cannabis originating before the 5th century (400 CE) include:

  • Bhaṅgā (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Gañjikā (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Hursīnī (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Kάνναβις (Kánnabis), Greek[5]
  • قنب (Kinnab or Quinnab), Arabic[4]
  • 麻 (Ma), Chinese[3]

Traditional, regional language names[edit]

Hemp is the English name for the cannabis plant. Traditional, regional language names for cannabis or marijuana include:

  • Bhang (Hindi)[4]
  • Bhaṅgā (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Bhangi (Swahili)[6]
  • Cáñamo (Spanish)[7]
  • Cần sa (Vietnamese)[8]
  • Chamba (Chichewa)[9]
  • Chanvre (French)[4]
  • Charas (Hindi)[4]
  • Dagga (Afrikaans)[10]
  • Diamba (Sierra Leone)[11]
  • Gandia (Mauritius)[12]
  • Ganja (Hindi)[4][13]
  • Gañjikā (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Hanf (German)[4]
  • Hemp (English)[4][13]
  • Hursīnī (Sanskrit)[4]
  • Injaga (Rwanda)[14]
  • Kan-jac (Panamanian Spanish)[15]
  • Kάνναβις (Kánnabis), Greek[5]
  • กัญชา (Kạỵchā), Thai[16]
  • Kenevir (Turkish)[17]
  • قنب (Kinnab or Quinnab), Arabic[4]
  • 麻 (Ma), Chinese[3]
  • Ma-kaña (Bantu)[18]
  • Maconha (Portuguese)[19]
  • Mbanje (Shona)[20]
  • Pakalolo (Hawaiian)[21]
  • Potiguaya (Spanish)[13]
  • 삼 (Sam-gwa), Korean[22]
  • Siddhi (Bengali)[4]
  • ဆေးခြောက် (Se-gyauk), Myanmar[23]
  • Spak brus (Hiri)[24]
  • 大麻 (Taima), Japanese[25]

English names[edit]

Hemp, a Common English name for the cannabis plant, can be traced to ancient language roots.[13] The slang word marihuana can be traced to the mid-nineteenth century and was popularized in the United States in the early part of the twentieth century when cannabis was banned. Since the 1930s, the word marijuana has evolved to become a widely-recognized term describing cannabis used as a drug.[18] According to Merriam-Webster, the term ganja is one of the oldest and most commonly-used synonyms for marijuana in the English language.[26] The scientific name assigned to hemp in the mid-eighteenth century, cannabis, entered English language use at the end of the twentieth century. Cannabis is also a slang name used to mean marijuana.[27]

Latin, botanical names[edit]

Cannabis is the Latin, or scientific name for the entire plant hemp.[28] Names for recognized species include:

Slang names for cannabis[edit]

Slang names[edit]

Most slang names for cannabis date to the jazz era. Weed is a commonly used slang term for marijuana. New slang names, like trees, came into use early in the twenty-first century.[13][28][30]

Slang names for good-quality cannabis[edit]

Slang names for poor-quality cannabis[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis cigarette[edit]

Slang names for a package or a specific amount of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis identified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration[edit]

Whether all of these terms are slang names is disputed by some scholars, including writers at The Boston Globe and Reason Magazine.[32][41] Slang names for cannabis that were identified by the Drug Enforcement Administration in 2017–2018 and are not corroborated by another source include:

Names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Traditional names for preparations of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis extracts[edit]

Names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

English names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

Names for parts of a cannabis flower[edit]

Scientific names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

Latin, scientific names for therapeutic compounds isolated from cannabis[edit]

Names for cannabis strains[edit]

Names for traditional heirloom cannabis strains[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis strains[edit]

Commercial cannabis growers and retailers have given individual strains more than 2,300 names,[54] including:

Terms for consuming cannabis[edit]

Names describing methods of consuming cannabis[edit]

Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:

Slang names for cannabis consumption[edit]

Terms describing cannabis' effects[edit]

English names for the effects of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis' effects[edit]

Terms relating to the cannabis subculture[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis consumer[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba Steinmetz, Katy (April 20, 2017). "420 Day: Why There Are So Many Different Names for Weed". Time. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  2. ^ Hanson, Glen R.; Venturelli, Peter J.; Fleckenstein, Annette E. (2014). "Marijuana". Drugs and Society, p. 408. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. ISBN 978-1-284-05478-1.
  3. ^ a b c Jann Gumbiner Ph.D. (May 10, 2011), "History of Cannabis in Ancient China", Psychology Today
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  5. ^ a b Booth, Martin (June 16, 2015). "The Fragrant Cane". Cannabis: A History, p. 2. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 978-1-25008-219-0.
  6. ^ Medical Proceedings: Mediese Bydraes. Juta and Company. 1958.
  7. ^ Sherrard, Melissa (May 31, 2017). "Where Did The Word 'Marijuana' Come From?". Civilized.
  8. ^ "How to Buy Weed in Ho Chi Minh City". Neo the Nomad. May 25, 2018.
  9. ^ World Health Organization. Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (2005). Mental Health Atlas 2005. World Health Organization. pp. 296–. ISBN 978-92-4-156296-6.
  10. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary".
  11. ^ Emmanuel Akyeampong; Allan G Hill; Arthur M Kleinman (1 May 2015). The Culture of Mental Illness and Psychiatric Practice in Africa. Indiana University Press. pp. 39–. ISBN 978-0-253-01304-0.
  12. ^ Tom Cleary (1 April 2011). Mauritius - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture. Kuperard. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-1-85733-546-0.
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Sources[edit]

External links[edit]