Legality of Cannabis by U.S. Jurisdiction

Legality of medical and non-medical cannabis in the United States. Areas under tribal sovereignty not shown.

Cannabis regulatory agencies exist in several of the U.S. states and territories, the one federal district, and several areas under tribal sovereignty in the United States which have legalized cannabis. In November 2020, 19 state agencies formed the Cannabis Regulators Association.[1]

The agencies include:


Territorial or Federal district[edit]

  • Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands Cannabis Commission (in formation as of October 2018 pursuant to CNMI Cannabis Act of 2018)[4]
  • District of Columbia Alcoholic Beverage Regulation Administration[5] (was Department of Health Division of Medical Marijuana and Integrative Therapy until October 1, 2020[6]); medical cannabis only – there is no regulatory agency for other use[a]
  • Puerto Rico Medical Cannabis Regulatory Board (a division of the Puerto Rico Department of Health). The Board was created in 2017 under the MEDICINAL Act of 2017.[8]


  • Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission[9][10][11][12][13][14] (as of 13 September 2021, since 8/3/2021, agency has met 3x regular, 2x special/called, but does not yet have a website)


  • Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission[32]
  • Arkansas Bureau of Cannabis Control[33]
  • Delaware Office of Marijuana Control Commissioner[34]
  • Hawaii Department of Taxation[35][non-primary source needed]
  • Indiana Cannabis Compliance Commission[36]
  • Kentucky Department of Alcoholic Beverage and Cannabis Control[37]
  • Louisiana Office of Alcohol and Tobacco Control[38]
    • Cannabis Management Office[39]
  • Ohio Department of Commerce
  • Pennsylvania Cannabis Regulatory Control Board[40]
  • Vermont Cannabis Control Board[41][b]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Regulatory agency not authorized by U.S. Congress;[7] see Cannabis in Washington, D.C.
  2. ^ Cannabis is legal in Vermont, but there is no regulatory agency. See Cannabis in Vermont § Action towards a regulatory system


  1. ^ "Marijuana regulators from 19 states form nonpartisan group to help shape future pot policies". The Washington Times.
  2. ^ Sullum, Jacob (July 23, 2019), "The Harris-Nadler Marijuana Bill Goes Further Than Others in Ways Good and Bad", Reason
  3. ^ Text of S.2227,, accessed November 18, 2019
  4. ^ Jon Perez (October 9, 2018), "Torres set to form pot commission", Saipan Tribune
  5. ^ "Medical Cannabis - Laws and Regulations". District of Columbia Alcoholic Beverage Regulation Administration. The Alcoholic Beverage Regulation Administration (ABRA) has assumed regulatory authority for the District's medical cannabis program.
  6. ^ Rachel Kurzius (September 17, 2019). "Thousands Of District Employees Free To Use Marijuana On Their Own Time, Mayor Says". WAMU.
  7. ^ "Grosso Pushes Marijuana Legislation with Democratic House in Session", Baltimore Afro-American, Baltimore, Maryland, January 18, 2019
  8. ^ Junta Reglamentadora del Cannabis Medicinal
  9. ^ Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission (September 9, 2021). "Third meeting of the Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission". Open Meetings Act. Alabama Secretary of State's Office.
  10. ^ Brandon Moseley (August 13, 2021). "Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission meets for the first time". Alabama Political Reporter.
  11. ^ Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission (August 12, 2021). "First Meeting special/called". Open Meetings Act. Alabama Secretary of State's Office.
  12. ^ Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission (August 25, 2021). "Special/Called Meeting". Open Meetings Act. Alabama Secretary of State's Office.
  13. ^ Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission (September 2, 2021). "First Regular Meeting, Alabama Cannabis Commission". Open Meetings Act. Alabama Secretary of State's Office.
  14. ^ Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission (September 9, 2021). "Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission Search Subcommittee". Open Meetings Act. Alabama Secretary of State's Office.
  15. ^ Emi Sasagawa (July 17, 2015). "Marijuana in Alaska has long been legal. Now the state is struggling to regulate it". Washington Post.
  16. ^ Marijuana Enforcement Division RETAIL MARIJUANA CODE 1 CCR 212-2, Code of Colorado Regulations, Colorado Secretary of State, accessed 2019-01-19
  17. ^ "Summary of Connecticut's S.B. 1201 — An Act Concerning Responsible and Equitable Regulation of Adult-Use Cannabis". Marijuana Policy Project. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
  18. ^ Mark Niesse (February 22, 2021). "Dozens of companies apply for six Georgia medical marijuana licenses". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  19. ^ John Pletz (May 20, 2019). "Five things you didn't know were in Illinois weed bill". Crain's Chicago Business.
  20. ^ "Medical Cannabidiol Board". Iowa Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved October 27, 2023.
  21. ^ Patrick Whittle (October 6, 2019). "Maine on track for legal marijuana sales by spring 2020". Associated Press – via ABC News.
  22. ^ Sarah Meehan (March 2, 2018). "FAQ: What you need to know about medical marijuana in Maryland". Baltimore Sun.
  23. ^ Cannabis Control Commission, State of Massachusetts official website
  24. ^ "Michigan consolidates cannabis, hemp regulatory bodies". Financial Regulation News. 2022-02-17. Retrieved 2022-03-08.
  25. ^ Matt Delong; Ryan Faircloth; Brooks Johnson (May 20, 2023). "What you need to know about Minnesota's marijuana legalization bill". Star-Tribune. Minneapolis.
  26. ^ Montana I-190, Ballotpedia
  27. ^ "Nevada Department of Taxation prepares for the regulation of recreational marijuana" (PDF) (press release). Nevada Department of Taxation. November 10, 2016 – via official website (
  28. ^ "New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy Announces Appointments To Cannabis Regulatory Commission". WLNY. November 6, 2020.
  29. ^ Samantha Vicent (October 4, 2018). "First director: Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Authority hires Health Department official with tobacco-cessation background". Tulsa World.
  30. ^ "RI Office of Cannabis Regulation has a new chief, a former policy director for Raimondo". The Providence Journal. Providence, Rhode Island. February 5, 2021.
  31. ^ "Virginia is for... Cannabis Lovers… in 2024?", National Law Review, February 11, 2021
  32. ^ Bill summary: SB46,, accessed January 29, 2021
  33. ^ Arkansas Decriminalize Marijuana and Regulate Cannabis Industry Amendment (2020), Ballotpedia
  34. ^ DJ McAneny; Amy Cherry (March 17, 2021). "'It's inevitable': Delaware lawmakers introduce bill once again to legalize marijuana". WDEL.
  35. ^ Measure status: SB767 RELATING TO CANNABIS, Hawaii State Legislature, accessed March 4, 2021
  36. ^ Fradette, Rachel (January 20, 2022). "13 proposals on table for state lawmakers". The Indianapolis Star. p. A1.
  37. ^ HB136, Kentucky Legislature, accessed January 20, 2021
  38. ^ "HB440 bill status", Louisiana legislature, FEES/LICENSES/PERMITS: Levies fees for licenses and permits relative to cannabis
  39. ^ Rilyn Eischens (January 26, 2022). "Gov. Walz proposes legalizing marijuana and spending $2.3 billion on health and public safety". Minnesota Reformer.
  40. ^ Rink, Matthew. "Laughlin: PA legislation would make marijuana possession, use legal for adults 21 and older". Erie Times-News. Erie, Pennsylvania.
  41. ^ Johnson, Evan (February 26, 2019). "Vermont Senate Expected To Vote On Legal Marijuana Sales Bill This Week".
  42. ^ Kristy Kepley-Steward (December 10, 2019). "Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians approve Cannabis Commission". Asheville, North Carolina: WLOS.
  43. ^ "Chapter 14.08 MARIJUANA ORDINANCE", LAWS OF THE PUYALLUP TRIBE OF INDIANS, Seattle: Code Publishing Company, July 2, 2015, retrieved 2019-01-19
  44. ^ "Chapter 11.10 COMMERCIAL MARIJUANA ACTIVITY" (PDF), Tribal code, Suquamish Tribe, 2016, retrieved 2019-01-19, The Tribal Council does hereby establish and approve the charter for SEC and does hereby delegate the sole authority to locate, manage, and operate all commercial marijuana activity on behalf of the Tribe to SEC...
  45. ^ "Remedy Tulalip: The Apple of Cannabis Retail", Native Business, August 13, 2018
  46. ^ "SRMT Adopts Adult Use Cannabis Ordinance". 27 October 2021.
  47. ^ Title 15 business regulations, chapter 8: cannabis, Swinomish Tribe; accessed January 24, 2022