|48th Governor of Texas|
|Assumed office |
January 20, 2015
|Preceded by||Rick Perry|
|Chair of the Republican Governors Association|
November 21, 2019 – December 9, 2020
|Preceded by||Pete Ricketts|
|Succeeded by||Doug Ducey|
|50th Attorney General of Texas|
December 2, 2002 – January 5, 2015
|Preceded by||John Cornyn|
|Succeeded by||Ken Paxton|
|Associate Justice of the |
Supreme Court of Texas
January 2, 1996 – June 6, 2001
|Preceded by||Jack Hightower|
|Succeeded by||Xavier Rodriguez|
Gregory Wayne Abbott
November 13, 1957
Wichita Falls, Texas, U.S.
|Education||University of Texas at Austin (BBA)|
Vanderbilt University (JD)
Gregory Wayne Abbott (born November 13, 1957) is an American attorney and politician serving as the 48th and current governor of Texas since 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he served as 50th attorney general of Texas from 2002 to 2015. He is the third governor of any U.S. state permanently to use a wheelchair. He is also the first governor with a disability in Texas history. Abbott was elected governor in 2014 with 59 percent of the vote and re-elected in 2018 with 56 percent.
Abbott was the third Republican to serve as Attorney General of Texas since Reconstruction. He was elected Attorney General with 57 percent of the vote in 2002 and reelected with 60 percent in 2006 and 64 percent in 2010. Before assuming the office of attorney general, Abbott was a justice of the Texas Supreme Court, a position to which he was initially appointed in 1995 by then-Governor George W. Bush. Abbott won a full term in 1998 with 60 percent of the vote. He successfully advocated for the Texas State Capitol to display the Ten Commandments in the 2005 U.S. Supreme Court case Van Orden v. Perry.
Early life, education and early law career
Gregory Wayne Abbott was born on November 13, 1957, in Wichita Falls, Texas, of English descent. His mother, Doris Lechristia Jacks Abbott, was a stay at home wife and his father, Calvin Rodger Abbott, was a stockbroker and insurance agent. When he was six years old, they moved to Longview; the family lived in the East Texas city for six years. At the beginning of junior high school, Abbott's family moved to Duncanville. In his sophomore year in high school, his father died of a heart attack; his mother went to work in a real estate office. He graduated from Duncanville High School. He was on the track team in high school. He was in the National Honor Society and was voted "Most Likely to Succeed."
In 1981, he earned a Bachelor of Business Administration in finance from the University of Texas at Austin, where he was a member of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity and the Young Republicans Club. He met his wife, Cecilia Phelan, while attending UT Austin. In 1984, he earned his Juris Doctor degree from the Vanderbilt University Law School in Nashville, Tennessee.
On July 14, 1984, at age 26, Abbott was paralyzed below the waist when an oak tree fell on him while he was jogging following a storm. He had two steel rods implanted in his spine, underwent extensive rehabilitation at TIRR Memorial Hermann in Houston and has used a wheelchair ever since. He sued the homeowner and a tree service company, resulting in an insurance settlement that provides him with lump sum payments every three years until 2022 along with monthly payments for life; both are adjusted "to keep up with the rising cost of living". As of August 2013, the monthly payment amount was US$14,000. Abbott said he had relied on the money to help him pay for nearly three decades of medical expenses and other costs.
Abbott's judicial career began in Houston, where he served as a state trial judge in the 129th District Court for three years. Then-Governor George W. Bush appointed Abbott to the Texas Supreme Court; he was then twice elected to the state's highest civil court — in 1996 (two-year term) and in 1998 (six-year term). In 1996, Abbott had no Democratic opponent but was challenged by Libertarian John B. Hawley of Dallas. Abbott defeated Hawley by a margin of 84 percent to 16 percent. In 1998, Abbott defeated Democrat David Van Os by 60 percent to 40 percent.
In 2001, after resigning from the Supreme Court, Abbott went back to private practice and worked for Bracewell & Giuliani LLC. He was also an adjunct professor at University of Texas School of Law.
Attorney General of Texas
Abbott resigned from the Texas Supreme Court in 2001 to seek the position of Lieutenant Governor of Texas. His campaign for Lieutenant Governor had been running for several months when the previous attorney general, John Cornyn, vacated the post to run for the U.S. Senate. He then switched his campaign to the open attorney general's position in 2002. Abbott defeated the Democratic nominee, former Austin mayor and former state senator Kirk Watson, 57 percent to 41 percent. Abbott was sworn in on December 2, 2002, following fellow Republican Cornyn's election to the Senate.
Abbott expanded the attorney general's office's law enforcement division from about thirty people to more than one hundred. He also created a new division called the Fugitive Unit to track down convicted sex offenders in violation of their paroles or probations.
In a 2013 speech to fellow Republicans, when asked what his job entails, Abbott said: "I go into the office in the morning, I sue Barack Obama, and then I go home." Abbott filed 31 lawsuits against the Obama administration, including suits against the Environmental Protection Agency; the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, including challenges to the Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare"); and the U.S. Department of Education, among many others. According to The Wall Street Journal, from Abbott's tenure as Attorney General through his first term as Governor, Texas sued the Obama administration at least 44 times, more than any other state over the same period; court challenges included carbon-emission standards, health-care reform, transgender rights, and others. The Dallas Morning News compared Abbott to Scott Pruitt, noting that both Attorneys General had repeatedly sued the federal government over its environmental regulations. The Houston Chronicle noted that Abbott "led the charge against Obama-era climate regulations."
Abbott has said that the state must not release Tier II Chemical Inventory Reports for security reasons, but that Texans "can ask every facility whether they have chemicals or not." Koch Industries has denied that their contributions to Abbott's campaign had anything to do with his ruling against releasing the safety information.
In March 2014, Abbott filed a motion to intervene on behalf of Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – Plano in three federal lawsuits against the hospital, brought by patients who alleged that the hospital allowed Christopher Duntsch to perform neurosurgery despite knowing that he was a dangerous physician. Abbott cited the Texas Legislature's cap on malpractice cases, along with the statute's removal of the term "gross negligence" from the definition of legal malice, as reasons for defending Baylor.
As Texas AG in the late 2000s, Abbott established a unit in the AG's office to pursue voter-fraud prosecutions, using a $1.4 million federal grant; the unit prosecuted a few dozen cases, resulting "in small fines and little or no jail time." The office found no large-scale fraud that could change the outcome of any election.
Lawsuit against Sony BMG
In late 2005, Abbott sued Sony BMG. Texas was the first state in the nation to bring legal action against Sony BMG for illegal spyware. The suit is also the first filed under the state's spyware law of 2005. It alleges the company surreptitiously installed the spyware on millions of compact music discs (CDs) that consumers inserted into their computers when they played the CDs, which can compromise the systems. On December 21, 2005, Abbott added new allegations to his lawsuit against Sony-BMG. Abbott says the MediaMax copy protection technology violates the state's spyware and deceptive trade practices laws. He says Sony-BMG offered consumers a licensing agreement when they bought CDs and played them on their computers. In the lawsuit, brought under the Consumer Protection Against Computer Spyware Act of 2005 and other laws, Abbott alleged that even if consumers reject that agreement, spyware is secretly installed on their computers, posing security risks for music buyers and deceiving Texas purchasers. Sony settled the Texas lawsuit, as well as a similar lawsuit brought by the California Attorney General, for $1.5 million.
Separation of church and state
In March 2005, Abbott delivered oral argument before the United States Supreme Court on behalf of Texas, defending a Ten Commandments monument on grounds of the Texas State Capitol. Thousands of similar monuments were donated to cities and towns across the nation by the Fraternal Order of Eagles, who were inspired by the Cecil B. DeMille film The Ten Commandments (1956) in following years. In his deposition, Abbott said that "The Ten Commandments are a historically recognized system of law." The Supreme Court held in a 5–4 decision that the Texas display did not violate the First Amendment's Establishment Clause and was constitutional. After Abbott's oral arguments in Van Orden v. Perry, Justice John Paul Stevens commented upon Abbott's performance while in a wheelchair, "I want to thank you [...] for demonstrating that it's not necessary to stand at the lectern in order to do a fine job."
As Texas AG, Abbott staunchly opposed gun control legislation. In 2013, Abbott criticized legislation enacted by New York State that strengthened the state's gun laws by expanding an assault weapons ban and creating a high-capacity magazine ban; Abbott also said he would sue if Congress enacted a new gun-control bill. After the law was passed, Abbott's political campaign placed Internet ads to users with Albany and Manhattan ZIP codes suggesting that New York gun owners should move to Texas. The one ad read "Is Gov. Cuomo looking to take your guns?" and the other ad read, "Wanted: Law abiding New York gun owners looking for lower taxes and greater opportunity." The ads linked to a letter on Facebook in which Abbott stated such a move would enable citizens "to keep more of what you earn and use some of that extra money to buy more ammo."
In February 2014, Abbott argued against a lawsuit brought by the National Rifle Association to allow more people access to concealed carry of firearms, as Abbott felt this would disrupt public safety.
Abbott backed legislation in Texas that limits "punitive damages stemming from noneconomic losses" and "noneconomic damages in medical malpractice cases", at $750,000 and $250,000, respectively. While the settlement in Abbott's own paralysis case was a "nonmedical liability lawsuit", which remains uncapped, Abbott has faced criticism from generally Democrats who oppose the Republican-backed lawsuit curbs, for "tilt[ing] the judicial scales toward civil defendants."
Support for ban on sex toys
As Attorney General, Abbott unsuccessfully defended Texas's ban on sex toys. He said Texas had a legitimate interest in "discouraging prurient interests in autonomous sex and the pursuit of sexual gratification unrelated to procreation."
Opposition to same-sex marriage
As Attorney General, Abbott defended the state's ban on same-sex marriage from a constitutional challenge. In 2014, he argued in court that Texas should be allowed to prohibit same-sex marriage because LGBT individuals purportedly cannot procreate. He said that as "same-sex relationships do not naturally produce children, recognizing same-sex marriage does not further these goals to the same extent that recognizing opposite-sex marriage does." He also argued that gay individuals still have the freedom to marry, saying they are "as free to marry an opposite sex spouse as anyone else". He suggested that same-sex marriage was a slippery slope where "any conduct that has been traditionally prohibited can become a constitutional right simply by redefining it at a higher level of abstraction."
In the November 7, 2006, general election, Abbott was challenged by civil rights attorney David Van Os, who had been his Democratic opponent in the 1998 election for state Supreme Court. He won re-election to a second term by a margin of 60 percent to 37 percent.
Abbott ran for a third term in 2010. He defeated the Democratic attorney Barbara Ann Radnofsky of Houston by a margin of 64 percent to 34 percent. He was the longest-serving Texas attorney general in Texas history.
In July 2013, the Houston Chronicle alleged improper ties and oversight between many of Abbott's largest donors and the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, of which he was a director.
Governor of Texas
In Jul 2013, shortly after Governor Rick Perry announced that he would not seek a fourth full term, Abbott announced his intention to run for Governor of Texas in the 2014 Texas gubernatorial election. In the first six months of 2011, he raised more funds for his campaign than any other Texas politician, reaching $1.6 million. The next highest fundraiser among state officeholders was Texas comptroller Susan Combs with $611,700.
Abbott promised to "tie outcomes to funding" for pre-K programs if elected governor, but he said he would not require government standardized testing for 4-year-olds, as Davis has accused him of advancing. When defending his education plan, Abbott cited Charles Murray: "Family background has the most decisive effect on student achievement, contributing to a large performance gap between children from economically disadvantaged families and those from middle class homes." A spokesman for Abbott's campaign pointed out that the biggest difference in spending is that Davis has proposed universal pre-K education while Abbott wants to limit state funding to only programs that meet certain standards. Davis's plan could reach $750 million in costs and Abbott has said that her plan is a "budget buster" whereas Abbott's education plan would cost no more than $118 million. Overall, Abbott said the reforms that he envisioned would "level the playing field for all students [and] target schools which don't have access to the best resources." He has called for increased accessibility to technology in the classroom and mathematics instruction for kindergarten pupils.
Abbott received $1.4 million in campaign contributions from recipients of the Texas Enterprise Fund, some of whose members submitted the proper paperwork for grants. Elliot Nagin of the Union of Concerned Scientists observed that Abbott was the recipient of large support from the fossil fuels industries, such as NuStar Energy, Koch Industries, Valero Energy, ExxonMobil, Chevron, and ConocoPhillips. Abbott received the endorsement of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Dallas Morning News, the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal and the Tyler Morning Telegraph. Abbott, and his lieutenant governor running mate, Dan Patrick, gained an endorsement from the National Rifle Association and received their 'A' rating.
In January 2017, Abbott was reportedly raising funds for a 2018 re-election bid as governor; as of December 2016[update], he had $34.4 million on hand for his campaign, of which he raised $9 million during the second half of 2016. Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick had been mentioned as a potential challenger for governor but confirmed he would run for a second term as lieutenant governor. During the weekend of January 21, 2017, Abbott stated he was intending on running for re-election. He confirmed this on March 28, 2017.
Abbott formally announced his re-election campaign on July 14, 2017. The formal announcement came four days before the beginning of a special legislative session that could split the Republican Party into factions favoring Abbott and Lieutenant Governor Patrick, on one hand, and House speaker Joe Straus, a Moderate Republican who opposes much of the Abbott-Patrick social conservative agenda.
In the November 6 general election, Abbott defeated Democratic nominee Lupe Valdez with about 56 percent of the vote, out-raising her 18-to-1. Abbott received 42 percent of the Hispanic vote and 16 percent of African Americans.
Abbott is running for a third term.
Abbott declared February 2, 2015, as "Chris Kyle Day" in honor of the deceased United States Navy SEAL who was the most lethal sniper in U.S. military history (portrayed in the film American Sniper). This came exactly two years after Kyle was shot and killed. Abbott held his first meeting as governor with a foreign prime minister when he met with the Irish Taoiseach Enda Kenny on March 15, 2015, to discuss trade and economic relations.
During the 2015 legislative session, initiated by officials at the Texas Health and Human Services Commission, the Texas Legislature placed a rider in the Texas budget to cut $150 million from its budget by ending payments and coverage for various developmental therapies for children on Medicaid. A lawsuit has been filed against the state on behalf of affected families and therapy providers, claiming it can cause irreparable damage to the affected children's development. The litigation obtained a temporary injunction order on September 25, 2015, barring THHSC from implementing therapy rate cuts.
His 2016 book, Broken But Unbowed is a reflection on his personal story and views on politics.
In October 2016, explosive packages were mailed to Abbott, President Obama, and the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration. The governor's package did not explode when he opened it because “he did not open [the package] as intended”.
On June 6, 2017, Abbott called for a special legislative session in order to pass several legislative priorities for Abbott, something supported by Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick. Abbott vetoed 50 bills in the regular 2017 session, the most vetoed in a session since 2007.
In late November 2016, the State of Texas, at Abbott's request, approved new rules that require facilities that perform abortions either to bury or cremate the aborted, rather than dispose of the remains in a sanitary landfill. The rules were intended to go into effect on December 19, but on December 15 a federal judge blocked the rules from going into effect for at least one month after the Center for Reproductive Rights and other advocacy groups filed a lawsuit. On January 27, 2017, a federal judge ruled against the law, but the State of Texas vowed to appeal the ruling.
On June 6, 2017, Abbott signed a bill into law banning dismemberment and partial-birth abortions and requiring either the cremation or burial of the aborted. The law was also blocked by a federal judge; the state said it would appeal.
On May 18, 2021, Abbott signed into law legislation that prohibits abortion once a fetal heartbeat is detected, effectively banning most abortions in the state. Fetal heartbeats may be detected as early as six weeks gestation, or six weeks from a woman’s last menstrual period, according to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Convention of States proposal
In 2016, Abbott spoke to the Texas Public Policy Foundation, calling for a Convention of States to amend the U.S. Constitution. In his speech, he proposed the Texas Plan, a series of nine new amendments to "unravel the federal government's decades-long power grab "to impose fiscal restraints on the federal government and limit the federal government's power and jurisdiction." The plan would limit the power of the federal government and expand states' rights, allowing the states to nullify federal law under some circumstances.
On January 8, 2016, Abbott called for a national constitutional convention to address what he sees as abuses by justices of the United States Supreme Court in "abandoning the ´Constitution." Speaking to the Texas Public Policy Foundation, Abbott said, "We the people have to take the lead to restore the rule of law in the United States." Abbott elaborated on his proposal in a public seminar at the Hoover Institute on May 17, 2016.
In the wake of the George Floyd protests, Abbott called on candidates in the 2020 elections to "back the blue." In response to actions by some Texas cities to redirect funding from police to social services and emergency response, Abbott threatened that the state of Texas would seize control of the local police departments. In 2021, Abbott spearheaded legislative efforts to financially penalize cities in Texas that reduce spending on police.
On June 13, 2015, Abbott signed the campus carry (SB 11) and the open carry (HB 910) bills into law. The campus carry law came into effect on August 1, 2015 and allows the licensed carrying of a concealed handgun on public college campuses, with private colleges being able to opt out. The open carry bill went into effect on January 1, 2016 and allows the licensed carrying of handguns openly in public areas and in private businesses that do not display a 30.07 sign. The 30.07 sign (referring to state penal code 30.07) states that a handgun may not be carried openly even by a licensed gun carrier. To do so openly is considered trespassing. Texas is the 45th state to have open carry.
On May 26, 2017, Abbott signed a bill into law lowering handgun carry license fees.
Following the Sutherland Springs church shooting on November 5, 2017, during an interview with Fox News, Abbott urged historical reflection and the consideration that evil had been present in earlier "horrific events" during the Nazi era, the Middle Ages and biblical times. The Anti-Defamation League said Abbott's comparison of the mass shooting "to the victims of the Holocaust" was "deeply offensive" and "insensitive".
After the Santa Fe High School shooting on May 18, 2018, Abbott said that he would consult across Texas in an attempt to prevent gun violence in schools and a series of round-table discussions followed at the state capitol. In a speech to a NRA convention in Dallas almost two weeks later, Abbott said: "The problem is not guns, it’s hearts without God". In June 2019, he signed a bill allowing for more armed teachers with school districts being unrestricted as to the number they allow. The creation of "threat assessment teams", passed into law by the bill, are intended to identify potentially violent students. Although the state legislature passed measures for students services to deal with related mental health issues, proposals to adopt a red flag law, which Abbott saying such a law was "not necessary in the state of Texas."
In August 2019, a gunman who had written a racist manifesto killed 22 people in a mass shooting at a Wal-Mart in El Paso, saying he had targeted "Mexicans." Following the shooting, Abbott convened a domestic terrorism task force to look into domestic extremism, but reiterated his opposition to a red-flag law and rejected calls to convene a special session of the state legislature to address gun violence.
Jade Helm 15
Abbott on April 28, 2015, asked the State Guard to monitor the training exercise Jade Helm 15 amid Internet-fueled suspicions that the war simulation was really a hostile military takeover. In 2018 former director of the CIA and NSA Michael Hayden said that the conspiracy theory had been propagated by Russian intelligence organizations and that Abbott's response convinced them of the power such a misinformation campaign could have in the United States.
In 2015, Abbott signed the "Pastor Protection Act," which allows pastors to refuse to marry couples if they feel doing so violates their beliefs.
In 2017, Abbott signed Senate Bill 24 into law, preventing state or local governments from subpoenaing pastors' sermons. This bill was inspired by an anti-discrimination ordinance in Houston, where sermons from five pastors were subpoenaed.
Also in 2017, Abbott signed House Bill 3859 which allows faith-based groups working with the Texas child welfare system to deny services "under circumstances that conflict with the provider's sincerely held religious beliefs." Democrats and civil rights advocates said the adoption bill could allow such groups to discriminate against those who practice a different religion or who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, and LGBT rights groups said they would challenge the bill in court. In response, California added Texas to a list of states to which it banned official government travel.
In November 2015, Abbott announced that Texas would refuse Syrian refugees following the Paris terrorist attack that occurred earlier that month. In December 2015, Abbott ordered the Texas Health and Human Services Commission to file a lawsuit against the federal government and the International Rescue Committee to block refugee settlement, but the lawsuit was struck down by a federal district court.
On February 1, 2017, Abbott blocked funding to Travis County, Texas, due to its recently implemented sanctuary city policy. On May 7, 2017, Abbott signed Texas Senate Bill 4 into law, targeting sanctuary cities by charging county or city officials who refuse to work with federal officials and by allowing police officers to check the immigration status of those they detain if they choose.
In January 2020, Abbott made Texas the first state to decline refugee resettlement under a new rule implemented by the Trump administration. The move was condemned in a joint statement by all 16 Catholic bishops of Texas.
In March 2021, Abbott claimed that the Biden Administration was releasing illegal immigrants infected with COVID-19 into Texas, saying "The Biden Administration is recklessly releasing hundreds of illegal immigrants who have COVID into Texas communities." PolitiFact rated Abbott's claim as "Mostly False", since those being released were asylum seekers with a legal right to remain in the U.S., and the number was well below "hundreds", only 108, at the time of Abbot's tweet.
In early 2014, Abbott participated in strategy sessions held at the headquarters of the United States Chamber of Commerce, devising a legal strategy for dismantling climate change regulations. In 2016, Abbott supported the appointment of Scott Pruitt to head the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), noting "He and I teamed up on many lawsuits against the EPA." As Attorney General of Texas, Abbott frequently sued the federal government over environmental regulations.
After Joe Biden was elected President, Abbott vowed to pursue an aggressive legal strategy against environmental regulations implemented by the Biden administration.
Abbott pressed for a purge of nearly 100,000 registered voters from Texas voter rolls. Texas officials initially claimed that the voters to be purged were non-American citizens; the purge was canceled in April 2018, after voting rights groups challenged the proposed purge, and Texas Secretary of State officials publicly admitted that tens of thousands of legitimate voters (naturalized citizens) were wrongly flagged for removal. Abbott claimed that he played no role in the voter purge, but emails released in June 2019 showed that Abbott was the driving force behind the Department of Public Safety voter-purge effort.
In September 2020, Abbott declared that each Texas county could only have one location where voters could drop off their early voting ballots. Abbott justified the decision by claiming it would prevent "illegal voting"; however, he cited no examples of voter fraud, and election security experts say voter fraud is extremely rare. A judge blocked Abbott's order, ruling that the order did not pertain to ballot security and that it threatened to disenfranchise voters.
In 2014, Abbott defended Texas' ban on same-sex marriage, which was ruled unconstitutional by a federal court. As Attorney General of Texas, Abbott's office argued that the prohibition on same-sex marriage incentivized that children would be born "in the context of stable, lasting relationships."
Abbott condemned Obergefell v. Hodges, the Supreme Court ruling which found prohibitions on same-sex marriage to be unconstitutional. He said, "the Supreme Court has abandoned its role as an impartial judicial arbiter." Shortly thereafter, Abbott filed a lawsuit to stop same-sex spouses of city employees from being covered by benefit policies.
In a letter dated May 27, 2017, the CEOs of 14 large technology companies, including Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, and Amazon, urged Abbott not to pass the what would come to be known as the “bathroom bill:” legislation which would require people to use the bathroom of the sex listed on their birth certificates, not the one of their choice. The bill was revived by Abbott and supported by Republican lieutenant governor Dan Patrick. In March 2018, Byron Cook, the chairman of the House State Affairs committee who blocked the bill, claimed that Abbott privately opposed the bill. The bill was never signed; Abbott later stated that "it's not on my agenda," in a debate with Lupe Valdez, the Democratic candidate for governor in 2018.
Amid child development concerns, in 2017, Abbott signed legislation to allow taxpayer-funded adoption agencies to refuse same-sex families from adopting children.
In June 2019, the city of Austin introduced an ordinance that repealed a 25-year-old ban on homeless people camping, lying, or sleeping in public. In early October 2019, Abbott sent a widely publicized letter to Austin Mayor Steve Adler criticizing the camping ban repeal and threatened to deploy state resources to combat homelessness.
In November 2019, Abbott directed the State of Texas to open a temporary homeless encampment on a former vehicle storage yard owned by the Texas Department of Transportation, which was informally dubbed "Abbottville" by camp residents.
In 2019, when numerous local prosecutors announced that they would stop prosecuting low-level marijuana offenses, Abbott instructed them to continue enforcing marijuana laws. The prosecutors cited recently passed legislation that legalized hemp. As hemp contains the same chemical, THC, that marijuana does, tests that are at the disposal of law enforcement cannot distinguish between marijuana usage and hemp usage. Abbott has stated that legalized hemp products come with a "hemp certificate".
During the COVID-19 pandemic, Abbott implemented a stay-at-home order from April 2 to May 1, 2020. This was one of the shortest stay-at-home orders implemented by any governor. Since the reopening, coronavirus surged across Texas, leading Abbott to pause the gradual re-opening. On June 24, 2020, Texas broke its record in terms of number of new coronavirus cases in a day. Critics described Abbott's pause as a half-measure, arguing that he should reverse the re-opening in full to stave off the spread of the virus.
According to The New York Times, Abbott's response to the coronavirus pandemic has been contradictory, as he has said that Texans should stay at home while also saying that Texas is open for business. He also said that Texans should wear face masks, but refused to issue a statewide mandate. Abbott's response to the coronavirus pandemic has received bipartisan criticism. In July 2020, Abbott directed counties with more than 20 coronavirus cases to wear masks in public places; he had previously prohibited local governments from implementing required face masks.
In December 2020, Abbott directed restaurants in Texas to ignore local curfews that had been implemented to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Localities had implemented restrictions on indoor dining and drinking late at night on New Years weekend amid a surge in COVID-19 cases.
On March 2, 2021, Abbott lifted all COVID-19 restrictions in Texas, which included ending a mask mandate and allow businesses to open up "100 percent." The next day, he claimed without evidence that migrants were spreading COVID-19 in Texas. Since the reopening, coronavirus cases have not spiked, despite public concern.
On April 6, 2021, Abbott signed an executive order banning state agencies and corporations that take public funding from requiring proof of vaccination against COVID-19.
On May 18 of 2021, Abbott issued an executive order banning mask mandates in public schools and governmental entities, with up to a $1,000 fine for non-compliers.
February 2021 North American ice storm
On February 16, during the February 13–17, 2021 North American winter storm, power plants across Texas broke down leaving 4 million households in Texas without power. Abbott called for investigation and reform of the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), the electric grid operator for Texas.
On February 16, as a guest on Hannity, Abbott stated, "This shows how the Green New Deal would be a deadly deal for the United States of America ... Our wind and our solar got shut down, and they were collectively more than 10 percent of our power grid, and that thrust Texas into a situation where it was lacking power on a statewide basis. ... It just shows that fossil fuel is necessary." There was an immediate response from the energy department of the state of Texas, clarifying that "most of Texas's energy losses came from failures to winterize the power-generating systems, including fossil fuel pipelines." Most power plants in Texas are gas-fired, with wind generators providing about 10 percent during the winter months.
By February 18, Abbott had ordered Texas natural gas to sell exclusively to power generators in Texas, which had an immediate and direct impact on Mexico, where two-thirds of all energy is generated by gas-fired plants.
On November 4, 2014, Abbott defeated Wendy Davis by 21 points in the gubernatorial general election of Texas. According to exit polls he received 44 percent of the Hispanic vote and 50 percent of Hispanic men, a majority (54 percent) of women voters, and 62 percent of the votes of married women (75 percent of women in Texas are married).
Abbott, a Roman Catholic, is married to Cecilia Phalen Abbott, the granddaughter of Mexican immigrants. His election as governor of Texas makes her the first Latina to be the first lady of Texas since Texas joined the union. They have one adopted daughter, Audrey. They were married in San Antonio in 1981. Cecilia is a former school teacher and principal.
He is the third elected governor of a U.S. state to use a wheelchair after Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York (1929–1932) and George Wallace of Alabama (1963–1967, 1971–1979; 1983–1987). On July 14, 1984, Abbott was jogging when a tree fell on his back and crushed his spine. Abbott also suffered second- and third-degree burns on his legs after coming in contact with scalding water while on vacation in Wyoming in July 2016, which caused him to miss the 2016 Republican National Convention.
- "TJB | SC | About the Court | Court History | Justices Since 1945 | Justices, Place 5". txcourts.gov. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
- "Greg Abbott's election in Texas opens possibilities for disabled". USA Today. November 5, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- "Greg Abbott and the new politics of disability". Austin American-Statesman. September 24, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- "Why is Governor Greg Abbott in a Wheelchair? - Greg Abbott". Greg Abbott. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
- Sweany, Brian D. (October 2013). "The Overcomer". Texas Monthly. Austin, Texas. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Person Details for Gregory Wayne Abbott, "Texas, Birth Index, 1903–1997"". FamilySearch.org. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- vote-smart.org. Archived October 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Wilson, Reid (October 30, 2014). "The likely next governor of Texas is full of Lone Star swagger. Don't be surprised if he runs for president". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "oag.state.tx.us". oag.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Accident set Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott on a path toward politics, May 31, 2010, The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved October 27, 2010
- Fernandez, Manny. "Candidate Draws Support and Critics for Talk of Disability" July 22, 2013. The New York Times.
- Ackerman, Todd. "Houston rehab giant ready for Giffords." Houston Chronicle. January 20, 2011
- Root, Jay (August 2, 2013). "For the First Time, Abbott Discusses Details of His Lawsuit Settlement". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- "TX Supreme Court Justice (Place 5) Race". Our Campaigns. November 5, 1996. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "TX Supreme Court Justice (Place 5) Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1998. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Mildenberg, David and Laurel Brubaker Calkins. Grit Drives Abbott to Follow Perry as Texas Governor, Bloomberg Businessweek, September 19, 2013.[dead link]
- "Attorney General Greg Abbott's Biography". Project VoteSmart.org. November 13, 1957. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Goudeau, Ashley (April 30, 2020). "State Sen. Kirk Watson headed to University of Houston". KVUE. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "TX Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 5, 2002. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Root, Jay (August 4, 2013). "Abbott Faces Questions on Settlement and His Advocacy of Tort Laws". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Greg Abbott shares views with local Republicans". SAST. February 19, 2013. Archived from the original on April 24, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- Satija, Neena; Carbonell, Lindsay; McCrimmon, Ryan (January 17, 2017). "Texas vs. the Feds — A Look at the Lawsuits". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Frosch, Dan; Gershman, Jacob (June 24, 2016). "Abbott's Strategy in Texas: 44 Lawsuits, One Opponent: Obama Administration; Former Attorney General, Now Governor, has Led a Red-State Revolt Against the White House". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
- "Trump's EPA pick sued Obama's agency early and often with anti-climate change ally Greg Abbott". dallasnews.com. December 7, 2016. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- "Why the blue states' climate alliance may not work". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- Root, Jay (July 1, 2014). "Abbott: Ask Chemical Plants What's Inside". The Texas Tribune. texastribune.org. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Slater, Wayne (July 3, 2014). "Koch Industries says gifts, Abbott's chemical ruling not linked". The Dallas Morning News. The Dallas Morning News Inc. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Solomon, Dan (March 27, 2014). "Greg Abbott Enters Fray in Lawsuits Involving "Sociopath" Doctor". Texas Monthly. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- Swanson, Doug J. (March 2014). "Abbott sides with Baylor hospital in neurosurgeon lawsuit". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- Robert T. Garrett, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott says tighter restrictions on mail-in ballot procedures will deter voter fraud, Dallas Morning News (February 2, 2020).
- "Texas Sues Sony BMG Alleging Violation of Texas Spyware Statute". Tech Law Journal. November 20, 2005. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Texas Attorney General's Office (November 21, 2014). "Attorney General Abbott Brings First Enforcement Action In Nation Against Sony BMG For Spyware Violations". State of Texas. Austin, Texas. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), oag.state.tx.us.
- "AG throws more allegations at Sony BMG". The Business Journals. December 21, 2005. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "Attorney General ups the ante in lawsuit against Sony BMG". The Business Journals. December 22, 2005. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Robert McMillan, Sony pays $1.5M to settle Texas, CA rootkit suits, IDG News Service (December 19, 2005).
- Greenhouse, Linda (February 28, 2005). "The Ten Commandments Reach the Supreme Court". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Mears, Bill. "Supreme Court weighs Ten Commandments cases". CNN. Archived from the original on June 9, 2017.
- Curry, Tom (August 27, 2005). "Breyer Cast Decisive Vote on Religious Displays". NBC News. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Jim Forsyth, Y'all come to Texas, state official tells New York gun owners, Reuters (January 17, 2013).
- Fernandez, Manny (January 20, 2013). "Texas Attorney General to New Yorkers: Come on Down, With Guns". Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Poppe, Ryan (February 26, 2014). "Supreme Court Won't Hear NRA's Case For Lowering Conceal-Carry Age Limit". tpr.org. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- Root, Jay (August 4, 2013). "Abbott Faces Questions on Settlement and His Advocacy of Tort Laws". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- "A Closer Look at Greg Abbott's Anti-Gay Marriage Arguments". The Texas Observer. July 30, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- "Texas attorney general: 'ban on same-sex marriage promotes childbirth'". The Guardian. Associated Press. July 29, 2014. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- "TX Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 7, 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "TX Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 2, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Root, Jay (November 4, 2014). "Greg Abbott Crushes Wendy Davis in GOP Sweep". The Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- "Abbott's role at cancer agency under fire". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Rick Perry Won't Run for Re-election". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "Texas AG Abbott kicks off gubernatorial run". Archived from the original on July 14, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
- "Greg Abbott and the Quiet Spot at the Top". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "Republican primary election returns, March 4, 2014". team1.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- Alexander, Kate (March 31, 2014). "Greg Abbott promotes improving quality of pre-K over expanding access, full-day classes". statesman.com. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- Smith, Morgan; Ura, Alexa (April 8, 2014). "Abbott Campaign: Pre-K Plan Does Not Mean More Tests". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- Hoppe, Christy (April 1, 2014). "Greg Abbott's education plan cites controversial thinker on race, gender". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "Texas Gubernatorial Candidate: Greg Abbott speaks about state issues, Laredo Morning Times, May 16, 2014, pp. 1, 14A
- Slater, Wayne (September 28, 2014). "Greg Abbott shielded problem-plagued business fund by withholding applications that didn't even exist". The Dallas Morning News. The Dallas Morning News Inc. Archived from the original on October 3, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Negin, Elliott (June 9, 2016). "After the Deluge: Texas and France Split on Climate Science". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- "For governor, Abbott holds promise". Editorial Board. Fort Worth Star-Telegram. October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "Editorial: We recommend Greg Abbott for Texas governor". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. October 16, 2014.
- "Our View: Attorney General Greg Abbott is the best gubernatorial candidate". Editorial Board. Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Lubbock, Texas. October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- "Greg Abbott ready to be our governor". Editorial Board. Tyler Morning Telegraph. Tyler, Texas. October 18, 2014.
- Reynolds, John (September 18, 2014). "NRA Endorses Abbott, Patrick". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Root, Jay (November 4, 2014). "Abbott Crushes Davis in GOP Sweep". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Hoppe, Christy (November 5, 2014). "Greg Abbott Tops Wendy Davis in Texas Governor's Race". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Herskovitz, Jon (November 4, 2014). "Republican Greg Abbott Wins Texas Governor's Race". Reuters. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Root, Jay (November 6, 2014). "Wendy Davis Lost Badly. Here's How it Happened". The Washington Post. The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Svitek, Patrick (January 12, 2017). "Greg Abbott Builds Big War Chest Ahead of 2018". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Peggy Fikac, "Abbott adds $9 million to campaign war chest", San Antonio Express-News, January 13, 2017, p. A4
- Whitely, Jason (January 22, 2017). "Abbott to Run for Re-Election, Explains Position on Bathroom Bill". WFAA. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Jeffers Jr., Gromer (March 28, 2017). "Gov. Greg Abbott Remains Coy About 'Bathroom Bill,' Says He'll Run for Re-Election". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- Root, Jay (July 14, 2017). "With No Opposition in Sight, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott Formally Launches 2018 Re-Election Bid". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- Peggy Fikac, "Abbott to seek second term: Governor says in S.A. he's ready to fight liberals," San Antonio Express-News, July 15, 2017, pp 1, A2.
- Zdun, Matt; Collier, Kiah (November 6, 2018). "Gov. Greg Abbott clinches second term as GOP wins closest statewide races in 20 years". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Samuels, Brett (November 6, 2018). "Texas governor Greg Abbott wins reelection". The Hill. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Garrett, Robert T. (November 6, 2018). "For Gov. Greg Abbott, a victory, though not the towering one he'd hoped for over Lupe Valdez". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Weber, Paul J. (November 6, 2018). "No surprise here: Greg Abbott easily defeats Lupe Valdez, re-elected as Texas governor". Fort Worth Star-Telegram (from the Associated Press). Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Sanchez, Carlos (November 6, 2018). "Greg Abbott Wins a Second Term as Governor". Texas Monthly. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
- Manuel, Obed (April 29, 2019). "More Texas Latinos voted in 2018, but so did everyone else, census data shows". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
'In spite of the Democrats increasing their election turnout, we were able to grow our turnout as well, and do so enough that for the 12th election in a row, every single statewide office was retained by Republicans,' James Dickey said. He added that Latino voters, 42 percent of whom voted for Abbott, will continue playing a key role for the Texas GOP.
- Tilove, Jonathan (June 14, 2019). "Tilove: Abbott says Biden will fade and Trump will win Texas". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
He said he plans to run for a third term in 2022.
- Fernandez, Manny (January 20, 2015). "Texas' New Governor Echoes the Plans of Perry". The New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- Whitely, Jason (January 20, 2015). "Abbott, Patrick Sworn in as new Texas Leaders" Archived January 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. WFAA.com. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- Holley, Peter (February 2, 2015). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott Declares 'Chris Kyle Day' As 'American Sniper' Continues to Surge". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Greg Abbott Declares Feb. 2 'Chris Kyle Day'". US News. January 30, 2015. Archived from the original on January 10, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- Howell, Kellan (January 30, 2015) - "Gov. Abbott Declares 'Chris Kyle Day' in Texas: 'We Honor Our Military Heroes'". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Abbott Discusses Trade With Irish Prime Minister". Texas Tribune. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "Texas to Move Forward With Cuts to Children's Therapy". The Texas Tribune. August 26, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "Citing 'irreparable injury' to kids, judge blocks deep..." mystatesman.com. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- Platoff, Emma (April 3, 2018). ""A Friendly Vote on the Court": How Greg Abbott's Former Employees Could Help Texas from the Federal Bench". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
- Abbott, Greg (2016). Broken But Unbowed. Threshold Editions. ISBN 9781501144899.
- Helmore, Edward. "Would-be Obama assassin identified by cat hairs, authorities say". theguardian.com. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- Grinberg, Emanuella (June 6, 2017). "Texas Special Legislative Session: What's on the Agenda". CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- "Greg Abbott: Texas Governor Revives 'Bathroom Bill' for Special Session". Fox News (from the Associated Press). June 6, 2017. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Svitek, Patrick (June 6, 2017). "Gov. Abbott Calls Special Session on Bathrooms, Abortion, School Finance". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- McGaughy, Lauren (June 15, 2017). "Gov. Greg Abbott Vetoes 50 Bills, the Most Killed by a Texas Governor in a Decade". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Svitek, Patrick (June 15, 2017). "Abbott Vetoes 50 Bills Passed by Legislature". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Stack, Liam (November 30, 2016). "Texas Will Require Burial of Aborted Fetuses". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Perchick, Michael (December 1, 2016). "New Texas Provisions Require Burial or Cremation of Aborted Fetuses". USA Today (from KVUE). Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- "Judge Blocks Texas Rules Requiring Burial of Fetal Remains". Fox News. December 15, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Evans, Marissa (January 27, 2017). "Federal Court Blocks Texas Fetal Remains Burial Rule". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- Mekelburg, Madlin (May 26, 2017). "Sweeping Anti-Abortion Bill Heads to Gov. Greg Abbott's Desk". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Grasso, Samantha (June 7, 2017). "Texas Bans Common Abortion Procedure, Requires Fetal Remains Burial with New Law". The Daily Dot. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Gryboski, Michael (June 7, 2017). "Texas Governor Signs Abortion Dismemberment Ban Into Law". The Christian Post. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Young, Stephen (January 30, 2018). "Federal Judge Blocks Texas' Controversial Fetal Burial Requirement". dallasobserver.com. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- "Judge halts Texas law requiring burial or cremation of fetal tissue". January 29, 2018. Retrieved February 18, 2018 – via Reuters.
- Mekelburg, Madlin. "Gov. Greg Abbott signs 'fetal heartbeat' bill banning most abortions in Texas". USA TODAY. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
- Grissom, Brandi (January 8, 2016). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott calls for Convention of States to take back states' rights". Dallas News.
- Walters, Edgar (January 8, 2016). "Abbott Calls on States to Amend U.S. Constitution". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- "Texas Gov. Abbott Calls for Convention on Constitution, Proposes Amendments". Fox News. January 9, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- Peggy Fikac, "Governor seeks to crimp high court: Abbott wants constitutional convention," San Antonio Express-News, January 10, 2016, pp. A3, A4
- Robinson, Peter (May 17, 2016). "The Texas Plan With Governor Greg Abbott". Uncommon Knowledge. Hoover Institution. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
- McCullough, Jolie (September 9, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott calls on all Texas candidates to sign pledge against police budget cuts". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- McCullough, Jolie (September 3, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott considering legislation to put Austin police under state control after budget cut". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- Garnham, Jolie McCullough and Juan Pablo (May 6, 2021). "Texas' larger cities would face financial penalties for cutting police budgets under bill approved by House". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- "Gov. Abbott signs open carry, campus carry into law". Kvue.com. June 16, 2015. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "At Shooting Range, Abbott Signs "Open Carry" Bill". The Texas Tribune. June 13, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "Texas Open Carry Gun Law". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "Texas becomes 45th state to pass open carry law". Abc13.com. June 8, 2015. Archived from the original on January 4, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- Samuels, Alex (May 26, 2017). "Texas Governor Jokes About Shooting Reporters After Signing Gun Bill". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- Bowden, John (November 7, 2017). "Texas governor says church shooting should be put in context of Nazism, other horrific events". The Hill. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Feldman, Ari (November 9, 2017). "ADL Slams Texas Gov For Saying Mass Shooting Not As Bad As Hitler". Forward. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Ward, Mike (November 9, 2017). "Anti-Defamation League criticizes Abbott over 'Hitler' remark". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Greenwood, Max (May 18, 2018). "Texas gov calls for action after shooting: 'We need to do more than just pray'". Retrieved May 19, 2018.
- Montgomery, Dave; Fernandez, Manny (May 22, 2018). "Texas Governor Gathers Leaders to Talk Gun Violence: 'What Are We Going to Do to Prevent This?'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Oppel, Richard A., Jr (May 30, 2018). "Texas Governor's School Safety Plan: More Armed Guards, No Big Gun Controls". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Vertuno, Jim (June 6, 2019). "Texas governor signs bill allowing more armed teachers". Associated Press. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- McArdle, Mairead (June 6, 2019). "Texas Governor Signs Bill Allowing More Armed Teachers". National Review. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Alex Samuels, Gov. Greg Abbott lays out response to El Paso shooting but won’t commit to special session, Texas Tribune (August 15, 2019).
- "Texas Republican decries 'pandering to idiots'". MSNBC.
- "Greg Abbott Tells Texas National Guard to Monitor U.S. Military Exercises". US News & World Report.
- "Texas Governor Deploys State Guard To Stave Off Obama Takeover". NPR. May 2, 2015.
- "Former GOP lawmaker blisters Abbott for 'pandering to idiots' over military exercises". Trail Blazers Blog.
- Pollock, Cassandra; Samuels, Alex. "Hysteria over Jade Helm exercise in Texas was fueled by Russians, former CIA director says". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- Crampton, Liz (June 11, 2015). "Abbott Signs "Pastor Protection Act" Into Law". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- Svitek, Patrick (May 21, 2017). "Abbott Signs Bill Protecting Sermons from Subpoenas". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "Abbott Signs Bill Preventing Government From Subpoenaing Sermons". CBS DFW. May 21, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- Evans, Marissa (June 15, 2017). "Abbott OKs Religious Refusal of Adoptions in Texas". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Herskovitz, Jon (June 15, 2017). "Texas governor approves adoption bill that critics contend discriminates". Reuters. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Watkins, Matthew (June 22, 2017). "Citing Religious Refusal of Adoption Rule, California Bans State Travel to Texas". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Ford, Matt (June 16, 2016). "Texas Loses Its Syrian Refugee Lawsuit". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- "Texas Gov. Abbott Cuts Funding to Austin Over Sanctuary City Policies". Fox News. February 2, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- Svitek, Patrick (February 2, 2017). "In "Sanctuary" Fight, Abbott Cuts Off Funding to Travis County". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- "Texas Governor Signs Bill Targeting Sanctuary Cities". Fox News. May 7, 2017. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Carter, Brandon (May 7, 2017). "Texas Governor Signs Law Banning Sanctuary Cities". The Hill. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Cobler, Nicole. "Gov. Greg Abbott says Texas won't accept refugees in 2020". USA TODAY. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
- Burke, Daniel (January 13, 2020). "Every Catholic Bishop in Texas is Slamming Gov. Abbott's decision to bar refugees". CNN. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- "PolitiFact - Abbott exaggerates COVID-19 concerns about migrants entering US". PolitiFact. March 11, 2021. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
- "FEMA's Climate Change Carrot to Texas". texasmonthly.com. March 24, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- "EPA chief: carbon dioxide not primary cause of climate change". statesman.com. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- Davenport, Coral; Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (August 3, 2015). "Move to Fight Obama's Climate Plan Started Early". The New York Times. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Dennis, Brady; Mooney, Chris (December 8, 2016). "Pruitt, Trump's EPA pick, has both sides of climate divide girding for a major fight". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Texas report says 'changing climate' intensifying disasters". Associated Press. December 13, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Svitek, Patrick (January 28, 2021). "Gov. Greg Abbott says he'll fight Joe Biden's energy and climate agenda". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Contreras, Guillermo; Morris, Allie (June 5, 2019). "DPS emails show Texas governor pressed for voter purge that used flawed data". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 7, 2020. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- Despart, Zach (October 1, 2020). "Gov. Abbott forces Harris County to close 11 mail ballot drop-off sites". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Platoff, Emma (October 1, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott orders counties to reduce ballot dropoff locations, bolstering GOP efforts to limit absentee voting options". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 4, 2020. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Gerstein, Josh. "Judge blocks Texas governor's order closing remote ballot drop sites". POLITICO. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
- Langford, Eli Okun and Terri (August 7, 2014). "GOP Lawmakers Make Case for Upholding Same-Sex Marriage Ban". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
- "Supreme Court Rules In Favor Of Nationwide Marriage Equality". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- Ura, Alexa (October 28, 2016). "Texas Republicans want to narrow scope of same-sex marriage ruling". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- McGaughy, Lauren, "Mark Zuckerberg, Tim Cook to Texas Gov. Greg Abbott: Don't pass discriminatory laws", Dallas News, May 28, 2017, retrieved June 19. 2017
- "Greg Abbott: Texas governor revives 'bathroom bill' for special session," Fox News via Associated Press, June 6, 2017, retrieved June 19, 2017.
- Platoff, Emma (March 13, 2018). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott Opposed Controversial "Bathroom Bill," State Legislator Says". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- "Texas governor says 'bathroom bill' no longer on his agenda". Reuters. September 28, 2018.
- "Texas governor signs anti-LGBT 'religious freedom' adoption bill". Washington Blade: Gay News, Politics, LGBT Rights. June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- Sanders, Austin (June 21, 2019). "Council Bites the Bullet, Helps the Homeless". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Bova, Gus (November 1, 2019). "Greg Abbott vs. Austin's Homeless". Texas Observer. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Bova, Gus (December 20, 2019). "Greg Abbott's 'Indefinite,' Imperfect Homeless Camp". Texas Observer. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- McCullough, Jolie (July 18, 2019). "Texas leaders: Hemp law did not decriminalize marijuana". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Gov. Greg Abbott Urges Texas DAs Against Dropping Misdemeanor Marijuana Possession Cases". NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Gov. Abbott, Texas leaders urge prosecutors to keep enforcing pot laws". FOX 4 News Dallas-Fort Worth. July 18, 2019. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Goldenstein, Taylor (April 2, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott's statewide stay-home order, explained". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- Fernandez, Manny; Mervosh, Sarah (June 25, 2020). "Texas Pauses Reopening as Virus Cases Soar Across the South and West". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- "Texas governor mandates wearing of face masks". BBC News. July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
- Livingston, Juan Pablo Garnham and Abby (January 1, 2021). "Greg Abbott and Ken Paxton tell Austin restaurants to defy COVID-19 order banning overnight dine-in services". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
- Aguirre, Priscilla (December 30, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott says Austin's new dine-in restrictions are not allowed. Period". mySA. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
- "Texas and Mississippi to lift mask mandates and roll back Covid restrictions". NBC News. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
- Walsh, Joe. "After Lifting Covid Restrictions, Gov. Greg Abbott Claims Undocumented Immigrants Are Spreading Virus In Texas". Forbes. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
- "Fauci warns against Texas declaring victory, despite declining coronavirus cases after reopening state". FOX News. April 6, 2021. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
- "Texas governor bans mandated COVID-19 "vaccine passports"". CBS News. April 6, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
- "Gov. Abbott bans mask mandates in Texas public schools, cities and counties". Houston Chronicle. May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
- Englund, Will (February 16, 2021). "The Texas grid got crushed because its operators didn't see the need to prepare for cold weather". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Shepherd, Katie (February 17, 2021). "Rick Perry says Texans would accept even longer power outages 'to keep the federal government out of their business'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Lopez, Oscar (February 18, 2021). "Mexico Cries Foul at Natural Gas Cutoff Ordered by Texas Governor". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Thorburn, Wayne (November 17, 2014). "How the Democrats Lost Texas". Politico. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
According to the NBC exit poll, Abbott and Davis split the 18- to 29-year-old cohort evenly, while married women went 62 percent for Abbott (he received 54 percent from all female voters), and a near-record 44 percent of Hispanics cast their ballots for the Republican gubernatorial candidate.
- Hoppe, Christy (November 5, 2014). "Greg Abbott tops Wendy Davis in Texas governor's race". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- Carney, Dave (February 6, 2015). "How We Won Texas". Politico. Washington, D.C. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
The exit polls showed Greg Abbott won 54 percent of women, 50 percent of Hispanic men and won 44 percent of Hispanics overall—all of which are traditionally strong Democratic groups.
- "2018 General Election". Politico. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- "2014 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2007.
- "1992 – 2006 ELECTION HISTORY". Archived from the original on November 8, 2006.
- "Cecilia Abbott". gregabbott.com/. Greg Abbott for Governor. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Ura, Alexa (March 16, 2014). "Unknown to Most, Cecilia Abbott Could Make History". The Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "'Words Matter.' On Ted Nugent, Greg Abbott and the 'subhuman mongrel' who is president of the United States". Statesman.com. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "New first lady of Texas advocates for Hispanic population". Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- "Texas Governor Burned in Accident, Could Miss GOP Convention". star-telegram.com. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
- "Abbott Recovering From Skin Graft Procedure". nbcdfw.com. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- Gonzalez, John W. "Abbott has friends and foes in disabled community." Houston Chronicle. July 29, 2013.
- Governor Greg Abbott Official state website
- Official website
- Greg Abbott at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
| Attorney General of Texas
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for Governor of Texas
| Chair of the Republican Governors Association
| Governor of Texas
|Order of precedence|
as Vice President
| Order of precedence of the United States
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Otherwise Nancy Pelosi
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
as Governor of Florida
| Order of precedence of the United States
as Governor of Iowa