Legality of Cannabis by U.S. Jurisdiction

Cannabis in Ukraine is currently illegal, but the country is in the process of legalising cannabis for medical purposes.

In April 2021, some THC- and CBD-containing drugs were approved for medical use (namely Dronabinol and Nabiximols).[1]


The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the biggest producers of hemp, and before the 1950s, it had over 150,000 hectares dedicated to hemp cultivation.[citation needed] Cannabis wasn't widely used as a recreational drug in Soviet Ukraine, most of the grown hemp would be used for its other natural resources such as oil and fiber.[2]


According to Article 106-2 Code of Administrative Offences Ukraine, cultivation (without intent to sell) up to 10 cannabis plants qualifies as an administrative violation, with a fine of from 18 to 100 non-taxable income units (₴300-1,700 in 2011) and the seizure of plants.[3]

The limit for possession without intent to sell, for which no criminal liability is given, is up to 5 grams of cannabis.[citation needed] However, there are plans to raise this limit to 10 grams.[4]


The 2019 March for legalisation taking place in front of the Ukrainian government building.

Cannabis March of Freedom (2017)[edit]

A march was planned for 28 October 2017, taking place near the Government of Ukraine.[5][6]

2019 petition[edit]

On 30 January 2019, the Ukrainian Association of Medical Cannabis created a petition with the backing of 16 public organizations on the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) website. The petition said that medical cannabis could greatly help over two million Ukrainians suffering from a wide range of ailments, including epilepsy, cancer and post-traumatic stress disorder. Acting Health Minister Ulana Suprun supported petition and called for the promotion of legalization medical cannabis.

In March, the petition received the required 25,000 signatures for consideration by the Verkhovna Rada. Subsequently, the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Human Rights, National Minorities and Interethnic Relations unanimously supported the petition and it was registered in the Verkhovna Rada on 20 May.

The legalization of medical cannabis was supported by the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy in an interview to RBC-Ukraine on 18 April 2019.

2020 referendum[edit]

On 25 October 2020, Zelenskyy announced a non-binding national referendum. The fourth question was: "Do you support the legalization of cannabis for medical purposes – to reduce pain in critically ill patients?" Former Minister of Health Ulana Suprun wrote on her official Facebook page that "Cannabis should be available to all patients who need it. There are about 2 million such patients in Ukraine." 64.88% of the participants responded positively, with 29.53% voicing their opposition.

"Let Ukraine Grow" campaign[edit]

Public activists with the participation of the non-governmental organization "Ukrainian Hemp Association"[7][8] and employees of many shops related to the cannabis industry in April 2023 began to assemble a team to hold a peaceful action to stop the stigmatization of cannabis and to encourage public support for its decriminalization. On 20 April 2023, the activists started a campaign including free distribution of hemp seeds to everyone. The campaign was supported by large seed shops in Ukraine, such as ErrorSeeds. As part of the effort, decriminalization activists sowed cannabis seeds throughout Ukraine, particularly in public places. Their effort was primarily focused on the legalization of medical cannabis, but also recreational cannabis.

Medical legalisation (2023)[edit]

On 7 July 2023, The Ministry of Health of Ukraine supported the legalisation of cannabis-based medicines, which was advocated by Zelenskyy and deputy head of the department, chief state sanitary doctor Ihor Kuzin.[9]

On 13 July 2023, the Verkhovna Rada passed a bill to legalize medical cannabis.[10]


  1. ^ Поперечна, Дарія (9 April 2021). "В Україні легалізували використання медичного канабісу, але не всього". УП.Життя (in Ukrainian).
  2. ^ "Hemp research and growing in Ukraine".
  3. ^ Ющенко, Віктор (19 March 2009). "Про внесення змін до Кодексу України про адміністративні правопорушення та Кримінального кодексу України щодо посилення відповідальності за незаконний посів або незаконне вирощування снотворного маку чи конопель (№ 1165-VI)". Верховна Рада України.
  4. ^ "The permissible limit of possession of marijuana is planned to be increased" (in Ukrainian). 7 January 2010. Archived from the original on 18 October 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2023.
  5. ^ 2017 Cannabis March of Freedom in Ukraine. Facebook
  6. ^ "Freedom March to decriminalize marijuana for personal use planned in Kyiv - KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". 12 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Ukrainian Hemp Association". Ukrainian Hemp Association. Retrieved 19 April 2023.
  8. ^ "Let Ukraine Grow - Movement for the Legalization of Cannabis". Retrieved 19 April 2023.
  9. ^ Cheplyk, Roman (7 July 2023). "From Prohibition to Progress: The Changing Landscape of Medical Marijuana in Ukraine". GTInvest. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  10. ^ Cheplyk, Roman (13 July 2023). "Driving Progress: Leveraging Privileges for the Development of Cannabis-based Medicinal Products in Ukraine". GTInvest. Retrieved 14 July 2023.

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