Cannabis in Turkey is illegal for recreational use, but allowed for limited medical and scientific purposes. The Turkish term for cannabis is kenevir.[1]

Medical use[edit]

In 2016, legislation was approved to allow the use of sublingual cannabinoid medications (such as Sativex) for use with a doctor's prescription. Use of whole-plant cannabis remains illegal.[2]


The cultivation of marijuana is legal in 19 provinces in Turkey for medicinal and scientific purposes. However, with permission this can also be conducted in other provinces too.[3]

In 2019, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan mentioned that Turkey might grow industrial hemp, in which he said: "I am calling out to my nation; let's start the process to cultivate industrial hemp. We will see that industrial hemp has many different benefits in many different areas."[4]


Consuming any drug (personal use or not) is illegal and requires juridical process. Possessing, purchasing or receiving any illegal drug, including Cannabis, is punishable by 1–2 years in prison; there is also the option of treatment and/or probation for up to three years. If users refuse treatment or do not comply with probation requirements, the courts can decide on sentencing.[5]

Sale and supply is punishable by a prison term of 5–10 years, and production or trafficking by a minimum term of 10 years.


  1. ^ Franz Rosenthal (1971). زهر العريش في احكام الحشيش: Haschish Versus Medieval Muslim Society. Brill Archive. p. 35. GGKEY:PXU3DXJBE76.
  2. ^ "Medical Marijuana in Turkey". Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Türkiye'de 19 ilde kenevir yasallaştı" (in Turkish). Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  4. ^ "Cannabis in Turkey – Laws, Use, and Other Information". 28 June 2020.
  5. ^ European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (31 January 2012), Country overview: Turkey, Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, OCLC 527925326