Cannabis in Syria is illegal. Under the policies of the government of Bashar al-Assad, many cannabis offenses, from consumption to trafficking, often carries a sentence of life imprisonment.
The cultivation, sale, and possession of cannabis for recreational or medical purposes are illegal in Syria.
Under the French mandate system in the early 20th century, Syria and Lebanon were major cannabis producers. Following the 1925 International Opium Convention, the League of Nations endorsed an agenda against cannabis and other drugs. The enforcement of this anti-cannabis agenda was placed on the French administration under international supervision.
Under President Shukri al-Quwatli (1943–1949), the cultivating of cannabis was banned in Syria, though authorities noted they had little ability to prevent the Druze of the Jabal al-Druze region from producing hashish.
In 1993, Syria enacted Law No. 2 which authorizes punishment, up to and including capital punishment, for the manufacture, transportation, and sale of narcotics.
As the country has become destabilized as a result of the civil war, people living in areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces have begun growing cannabis as a way of making money to fight poverty.
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