Cannabis in Syria is illegal. Under the policies of the government of Bashar al-Assad, many cannabis offences, from consumption to trafficking, often carries a sentence of life imprisonment.
Under President Shukri al-Quwatli (1943–1949), the cultivating of cannabis was banned in Syria, though authorities noted they had little ability to prevent the Druze of the Jabal al-Druze region from producing hashish.
In 1993, Syria enacted Law No. 2 which authorizes punishment, up to and including capital punishment, for the manufacture, transportation, and sale of narcotics.
As the country has become destabilized as a result of the civil war, people living in areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces have begun growing cannabis as a way of making money to fight poverty.
- Thomas Philipp; Birgit Schäbler (1998). The Syrian Land: Processes of Integration and Fragmentation : Bilād Al-Shām from the 18th to the 20th Century. Franz Steiner Verlag. pp. 383–. ISBN 978-3-515-07309-7.
- William R. Brownfield (1 May 2011). International Narcotics Control Strategy Report: Volume I: Drug and Chemical Control. DIANE Publishing. pp. 586–. ISBN 978-1-4379-8272-5.
- Ahmad, Rozh (24 August 2012). "Poverty Leading to Marijuana Farms in Kobane". Rudaw. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 17 December 2012.