Cannabis in Lithuania is illegal for recreational or medical use. Lithuania criminalized cannabis in 2017 and is the only country in the world that criminalized cannabis in the 21st century. Until 2013 Lithuania was the only country in the European Union where the cultivation of industrial hemp was banned.
The use of cannabis for medical purposes is criminalized in Lithuania.
In 2013 the Government of the Lithuania has decided to lift the ban on industrial hemp. Until 2013 Lithuania was the only country in the European Union which prohibited the cultivation of industrial hemp and until 2021 hemp products containing any amount of THC were considered illegal. Since November 2021 the production and sale of hemp products was allowed if the amount of THC in the products did not exceed 0.2 percent. THC limit was increased to 0.3 percent in 2022.
A law allowing prescription drugs containing synthetic cannabinoids for medical use was approved by the Seimas on 11 October 2018, with an effective date of 1 May 2019. As of the effective date no such drugs were available in pharmacies, however.
- "Timeline of Cannabis Law". Wikipedia.
- BNS (10 June 2021). "More hemp produce to become legal in Lithuania". lrt.lt. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
- Balčiūnaitė, Sniegė (22 December 2022). "Seimas leido auginti daugiau pluoštinių kanapių". Retrieved 22 December 2022.
- Andrius, Kulikauskas (11 January 2019). "Kas yra medicininės kanapės ir kodėl Lietuvoje jos nėra įteisintos" (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 11 January 2019.
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- "Cannabis activists to gather in Vilnius". Baltictimes.com. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.