In 1890, Greece outlawed the production and usage of hashish, but the laws were largely ineffective. Cannabis use rose following World War I, as Greek soldiers and refugees from now-Turkish Asia Minor arrived in mainland Greece, bringing the cannabis habit with them. This upsurge faded after World War II due to the substantial death and disorder of the German occupation.
In July 2016, the Greek government formed a working group to assess the possibilities of medical cannabis, with a report to be issued in October.
In June 2017, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras announced that a joint ministerial decision regarding the legality of medical cannabis had been made. The decision, published in the Government Gazette, declared the medical use of cannabis to be legal for patients with a doctor's prescription. With the announcement, Tsipras commented "From now on, the country is turning its page, as Greece is now included in countries where the delivery of medical cannabis to patients in need is legal."
In March 2018, the Greek Parliament approved a law authorizing the cultivation and production of medical cannabis in Greece.
- Ελληνική νομοθεσία για κάνναβη (Greek Law on cannabis) (in Greek), mastouria.informe.com, 27 May 2007, archived from the original on 2019-07-02, retrieved 2011-08-10
- E.L. Abel (29 June 2013). Marihuana: The First Twelve Thousand Years. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 135–. ISBN 978-1-4899-2189-5.
- Mary Harris (2016-07-21). "Cannabis for Medical Use to be Legalized in Greece". GreekReporter.com. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
- "Νόμιμη η φαρμακευτική κάνναβη στην Ελλάδα - Δημοσιεύθηκε η υπουργική απόφαση". tvxs. June 30, 2017.
- Revesz, Rachael (July 3, 2017). "Greece legalises marijuana for medical purposes". The Independent. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
- "Greek Parliament approves law for medical cannabis". 2 March 2018.