Cannabis in Ghana is illegal without license from the Minister of Health, but the nation is, along with Nigeria, among the top illicit cannabis-producing countries of West Africa. Cannabis in Ghana is known as wee or devil's tobacco (obonsam tawa).
There are two main theories as to how cannabis came to Ghana:
- Brought there by troops returning from India and Burma after World War II
- Spread by sailors coming down the coast, most likely from Sierra Leone
In the 1990s, cannabis which had previously been an urban phenomenon in bars and nightclubs, had spread to rural areas as well. Cannabis was associated with youth involved in Rastafari culture, and with students who believed cannabis use would improve their ability to study.
Cannabis from Ghana is transported to other countries in western Africa, as well as to Europe.
- 'Cannabis is legal in Ghana but …' - Lawyer | General News 2016-02-27
- Guy Arnold (13 May 2013). The International Drugs Trade. Routledge. pp. 183–. ISBN 978-1-135-45515-6.
- Vera Rubin (1 January 1975). Cannabis and Culture. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 101–. ISBN 978-3-11-081206-0.
- Akyeampong, Emmanuel (2005). "Diaspora and drug trafficking in West Africa: A case study of Ghana". African Affairs. 104 (416): 434.
- Kima Cargill (1 December 2016). Food Cults: How Fads, Dogma, and Doctrine Influence Diet. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 222–. ISBN 978-1-4422-5132-8.
- Chris Duvall (15 November 2014). Cannabis. Reaktion Books. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-1-78023-386-4.
- Anita Kalunta-Crumpton (3 March 2016). Pan-African Issues in Drugs and Drug Control: An International Perspective. Taylor & Francis. pp. 49–. ISBN 978-1-317-08433-4.
- "Ghana is 3rd consumer of marijuana globally - Report". GhanaWeb. 2016-06-30. Retrieved 2021-09-09.
- Paul V. Daly (July 1996). The Supply of Illicit Drugs to the United States: The Nnicc Report. DIANE Publishing. pp. 63–. ISBN 978-0-7881-3942-0.
- EMMANUEL AKYEAMPONG; ALLAN G HILL; ARTHUR M KLEINMAN (1 May 2015). The Culture of Mental Illness and Psychiatric Practice in Africa. Indiana University Press. pp. 39–. ISBN 978-0-253-01304-0.