Cannabis in Ethiopia is illegal, and possession of cannabis can result in up to 6 months imprisonment.
Smoking pipes uncovered in Ethiopia and carbon-dated to around 1320 CE were found to have traces of cannabis.
In the 1960s, Rastafari immigrants from the Caribbean began to settle on land near Shashamane which had been set aside for them by Emperor Haile Selassie I. Subsequently Shashamane has become known for its cannabis cultivation, largely meant for local consumption.
- US warns American Rastas about Ethiopian laws, iol.co.za, 29 January 2005, retrieved 2011-10-08
- Vera Rubin (1 January 1975). Cannabis and Culture. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 77–. ISBN 978-3-11-081206-0.
Cannabis Smoking in 13th-14th Century Ethiopia: Chemical Evidence
- Erin C. MacLeod (4 July 2014). Visions of Zion: Ethiopians and Rastafari in the Search for the Promised Land. NYU Press. pp. 90–. ISBN 978-1-4798-8224-3.
- International Narcotics Control Strategy Report. The Bureau. 1998. p. 509.
Moderate quantities of hashish/cannabis are grown in the Sheshemene area of Ethiopia, almost entirely for local consumption