Cannabis in Cuba is illegal. Small amounts of possession are punishable by six months to two years in prison. "Cultivation, production, and transit" of large amounts of any illegal drug, including cannabis, results in a sentence of four to twenty years. International trafficking of the same carries a sentence of 15 to 30 years in prison or, in more severe cases, death.
Cannabis was introduced to Cuba as a textile crop in 1793, but planters on the island found sugarcane to be a more lucrative crop.
In 1949, prior to the Cuban Revolution, a journal noted that most of the cannabis found in Cuba was imported from Mexico, but it was increasingly grown on the island, and was receiving attention in medical, juridical, and police publications.
- Bellezza-Smull, Isabella (August 11, 2017). "Will Cuba Update its Drug Policy for the Twenty First Century?" (PDF). Igarapé Institute. Igarapé Institute. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
- E.L. Abel (29 June 2013). Marihuana: The First Twelve Thousand Years. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 102–. ISBN 978-1-4899-2189-5.
- Marihuana in Latin America: the threat it constitutes. Linacre Press. 1949. pp. 36–38.