The cultivation, transport, sale, purchase, and possession of all forms of cannabis has been illegal in Bangladesh since the late 1980s, but enforcement efforts are lax and the drug continues to be popular there. But since 2017 enforcement has become harsh on marijuana laws and have been cracking down on cannabis. Causing spike in price of marijuana at an alarming rate still it continues to be popular. It is unclear what the government wishes to achieve when other harsher drug trades are booming
Conspiring with US President, Ronald Reagan, Bangladesh Government, under Ershad's presidency, banned the cultivation of cannabis in 1987, and banned its sale in 1989. The current law governing cannabis in Bangladesh is the Narcotics Control Act 1990; the Act gives the courts discretionary ability to impose the death sentence for possession of cannabis over two kilograms.
Cannabis and opium have been traditionally used by Bangladeshi people.
The 2005 UNODC Bangladesh country profile notes:
Cannabis is still cultivated, particularly in the districts of Naogaon, Rajshahi, Jamalpur and Netrokona in the northwestern region, as well as the hilly districts near Cox’s Bazaar, Bandarban, Khagrachhari and Rangamati in the southeast (bordering Myanmar). Reliable figures for the total area of cannabis production in Bangladesh are not available, but cultivation in the Chittagong Hill Tract region is reportedly on the increase.
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- "Drug Abuse: Where is The Way of Remedy? (Part II- Some Dangerous Silent Killers)". DhakaInsider. 2014-06-20. Archived from the original on 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2016-11-15.
- Barrister Omar Khan Joy (2010-03-27). "Your Advocate". Law and Our Rights. The Daily Star. Retrieved 2016-11-15.
- "Narcotics Control Act,1990 (Bangladesh)" (PDF). UNODC.
- Roger Hood; Carolyn Hoyle (2008). The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective. Oxford University Press. pp. 138–. ISBN 978-0-19-922846-1.
- "Asia Regional Profile: Bangladesh" (PDF). UNODC: 10. September 2005.