Proposition 207
Legalize Recreational Marijuana
Results
Response
Votes %
Yes 1,956,440 60.03%
No 1,302,458 39.97%
Total votes 3,258,898 100.00%

2020 Arizona Proposition 207.svg
Source: Associated Press[1]

Arizona Proposition 207 was a voter initiative to appear on the November 2020 ballot. Passing with some 60% of the vote, the proposition allowed the legalization and taxation of recreational cannabis for adult use. Along with Montana, New Jersey and South Dakota, Arizona is one of four states that legalized recreational marijuana via ballot measures in 2020.

Provisions[edit]

Proposition 207, also known as the Smart and Safe Act, legalizes the adult recreational use of marijuana, specifically by allowing adults 21 and older in Arizona to possess up to 1 ounce (28 g) of marijuana (with no more than 5 grams being marijuana concentrate), and to have up to 6 marijuana plants at their home (with up to 12 marijuana plants in households with two or more adult members).[2] It directs the state Department of Health Services to set forth rules for retail marijuana sales by June 1, 2021, allow marijuana to be subject to state and local sales taxes like other retail items, and imposes an additional 16% excise tax on marijuana products, with the revenue being split between the state government agencies responsible for activities relating to the act, highways, community college districts, police departments, and fire departments.[2] The initiative provides that employers may still adopt "drug-free workplace" policies and restrict employees' and applicants' use of marijuana, and provides that the initiative does not permit marijuana use in public spaces.[2] The initiative establishes that the possession of more than an ounce (28 g), but less than 2.5 ounces (71 g), of marijuana, by an adult is a petty offense.[2] The initiative prohibits the sale of marijuana products that resemble a "human, animal, insect, fruit, toy or cartoon" and sets forth penalties for possession of marijuana by minors (which, for a first offense for possession of under an ounce of marijuana, is a $100 fine and drug counseling).[2]

The proposition imposes a 16 percent excise tax on cannabis. The first share of revenue will be used to enforce state cannabis regulations, with the remainder divided as follows: 33% for community colleges, 31.4% for police and fire departments, 25.4% for a highway fund, 10% for a justice fund, and 0.2% to the state attorney general for enforcement.

History[edit]

The Arizona Dispensaries Association and Arizona Cannabis Chamber of Commerce began organizing in August 2019 for another ballot initiative after a failed November 2016 ballot initiative.[3][4][5] The Arizona Dispensaries Association filed a ballot initiative application on September 26, 2019, for the "Smart and Safe Act,"[6] seeking to obtain the necessary 237,645 signatures from registered Arizona voters by the July 2, 2020 deadline to get on the November 3, 2020 ballot.[7][2]

Arizona legalization initiative, sponsored by Smart and Safe Arizona, had received 150,000 signatures by January 17, 2020,[8] out of a required 237,645 signatures.[9] The initiative likely had exceeded the minimum 237,645 valid signatures by April to appear on the November ballot.[10] On July 1 the sponsors announced they had submitted over 420,000 signatures to the Secretary of State.[11][2] On August 10, Secretary of State Katie Hobbs announced the initiative had qualified for the 2020 ballot as Proposition (Prop) 207.[12]

The Associated Press announced that the initiative had passed on election day, November 3, 2020.[13]

Polling[edit]

Likely voters polled in July 2020 indicated 62% support for cannabis legalization.[14]

On Proposition 207
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
For Proposition 207 Against Proposition 207 Other Undecided
OH Predictive Insights October 22–25, 2020 716 (LV) ± 3.7% 60% 36% 0%[b] 4%
Monmouth University October 11–13, 2020 502 (RV) ± 4.4% 56% 36% 0%[c] 7%
OH Predictive Insights October 4–8, 2020 608 (LV) ± 3.97% 55% 37% 1%[d] 7%
Suffolk University September 26–30, 2020 500 (LV) ± 4.4% 46% 34% 1%[e] 19%
Strategies 360/Smart and Safe Arizona[A] September 24–29, 2020 800 (LV) ± 3.5% 57% 38% 5%
Monmouth University September 11–15, 2020 420 (RV) ± 4.8% 51% 41% 3%[f] 6%
Strategies 360/Smart and Safe Arizona[1][B] Early August, 2020 – (V)[g] 57% 37% 6%
HighGround Inc. May 18–22, 2020 400 (LV) ± 4.9% 66% 25% 9%[h]
On whether recreational marijuana should be legal
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[a]
Margin
of error
Yes No Other Undecided
OH Predictive Insights September 8–10, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 45% 44% 0%[i] 9%
OH Predictive Insights July 6–7, 2020 600 (LV) ± 4% 62% 32% No voters[j] 6%
OH Predictive Insights December 3–4, 2019 628 (LV) ± 3.91% 51% 42% 7%
OH Predictive Insights October 31 – November 8, 2019 900 (RV) ± 3.27% 54% 33% 13%
OH Predictive Insights August 13–14, 2019 600 (LV) ± 4% 50% 40% 10%
OH Predictive Insights February 12–13, 2019 600 (LV) ± 4% 52% 41% 7%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  2. ^ "Refused" with 0%
  3. ^ Would not vote with 0%
  4. ^ "Refused" with 1%
  5. ^ "Refused" with 1%
  6. ^ Would not vote with 3%
  7. ^ Not yet released
  8. ^ Includes "Refused"
  9. ^ "Refused" with 0%
  10. ^ "Refused" with no voters
Partisan clients
  1. ^ Smart and Safe Arizona endorsed Proposition 207 prior to this poll's sampling period
  2. ^ Smart and Safe Arizona endorsed Proposition 207 prior to this poll's sampling period

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Election Results". Associated Press. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Ryan Randazzo, Backers of Arizona's recreational marijuana measure file 420K signatures for November ballot, Arizona Republic (July 1, 2020).
  3. ^ Howard Fischer Capitol Media Services (14 Nov 2019). "Arizona group unveils proposed legislation to legalize recreational marijuana use, sales". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  4. ^ Giles, Ben; Rosenblatt, Dillon (2019-08-16). "Recreational marijuana initiative written from lessons learned". Arizona Capitol Times. Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  5. ^ "New group coming up with initiative to legalize marijuana". KNXV. 2019-10-19. Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  6. ^ Tattrie, Darryl (26 Sep 2019). "Application for Serial Number / Initiative Petition I-23-2020" (PDF). Retrieved 18 Jan 2020.
  7. ^ "Initiative, Referendum and Recall | Arizona Secretary of State". azsos.gov. Retrieved 2020-01-19.
  8. ^ Brian Penny (January 17, 2020), "Opposition Is Minimal (So Far) in the Recreational Cannabis Effort for 2020", Phoenix New Times
  9. ^ Arizona Marijuana Legalization Initiative (2020), Ballotpedia, accessed 2020-01-18
  10. ^ Howard Fischer (May 15, 2020). "Ruling against online signatures leaves several Arizona initiative drives out of luck". Arizona Daily Star. Tucson.
  11. ^ Natasha Yee (July 1, 2020). "Arizona Marijuana Iniitaitive Files 420000 Signatures With State". Phoenix New Times.
  12. ^ "Marijuana legalization to be placed on the general election ballot in November". Tucson, Arizona: KOLD-TV.
  13. ^ "Arizona voters approve Proposition 207, making recreational marijuana legal in state". Arizona Republic. November 3, 2020.
  14. ^ Michael Lucie (July 21, 2020), Support for marijuana legalization jumps among voters in Arizona poll, Glendale, Arizona: KTAR-FM

External links[edit]