Mass gathering medicine
Mass gathering medicine, also known as event medicine, crowd medicine or mass gathering health, is a field of medicine that explores the health effects/risks of mass gatherings and the strategies that contribute positively to effective health services delivery during these events.
The reason for the development of the field of medicine gives the fact that mass gatherings generate a higher incidence of injury and illness, may be the subject to a catastrophic accident or attack with large numbers of injured or dead persons.
Among factors influencing on the demand for the health care at mass gatherings are:
- the weather,
- duration of the event,
- if the crowd moves,
- containment of the event (fenced/contained or not),
- availability of alcohol/drugs,
- the density of the crowd et al.,
- possibility for spreading of communicable diseases 
Key purposes of Mass Gathering Medical Services at an event are:
- rapid access to the injured or ill patients,
- effective stabilizing and transporting injured or ill patients,
- on-site care for minor injuries and illnesses.
The Department of Global Alert and Response of the World Health Organization supports Member States hosting mass gatherings. As the acknowledgement of growth in the area of Mass Gathering Medicine, there is a need for consistency in the research and evaluation of mass gathering events. This is important because mass gatheirngs may impact on health services and having a collective understanding of the impact of mass gatherings on health services may mitigate any poor outcomes for patients.
Mass gathering medicine support requires planning in advance.
- Lund, A.; Turris, S. A.; Bowles, R.; Steenkamp, M.; Hutton, A.; Ranse, J.; Arbon, P. (2014). “Mass-gathering Health Research Foundational Theory: Part 1 – Population Models for Mass Gatherings”. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 29 (6): 648–654. doi:10.1017/S1049023X14001216. PMID 25400164.
- “Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2012-04-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Arbon, Paul (2007). “Mass-Gathering Medicine: A Review of the Evidence and Future Directions for Research”. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 22 (2): 131–135. doi:10.1017/S1049023X00004507. hdl:2328/10117.
- “Public Health Preparedness for Mass Gatherings”. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- Franaszek, Jacek (1986). “Medical care at mass gatherings”. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 15 (5): 600–601. doi:10.1016/S0196-0644(86)81003-4.
- Thompson, James M.; Savoia, Gino; Powell, Gregory; Challis, EB; Law, Patricia (1991). “Level of medical care required for mass gatherings: The XV winter olympic games in Calgary, Canada”. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 20 (4): 385–390. doi:10.1016/S0196-0644(05)81660-9.
- Home | (archive) Mass Gathering Medicine Interest Group
- Milsten, Andrew M.; Maguire, Brian J.; Bissell, Rick A.; Seaman, Kevin G. (2002). “Mass-Gathering Medical Care: A Review of the Literature”. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 17 (3): 151–162. doi:10.1017/S1049023X00000388.
- “Communicable disease alert and response for mass gatherings” (PDF). Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- De Lorenzo, Robert A. (1997). “Mass Gathering Medicine: A Review”. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 12 (1): 68–72. doi:10.1017/S1049023X00037250. PMID 10166378.
- “Mass Gatherings and Public Health” (PDF). 2007. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- Ranse, Jamie; Hutton, Alison (2012). “Minimum Data Set for Mass-Gathering Health Research and Evaluation: A Discussion Paper”. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine (Submitted manuscript). 27 (6): 543–550. doi:10.1017/s1049023x12001288. PMID 23174040.
- Ranse, Jamie; Hutton, Alison; Keene, Toby; Lenson, Shane; Luther, Matt; Bost, Nerolie; Johnston, Amy N. B.; Crilly, Julia; Cannon, Matt; Jones, Nicole; Hayes, Courtney; Burke, Brandon (2017). “Health Service Impact from Mass Gatherings: A Systematic Literature Review”. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 32 (1): 71–77. doi:10.1017/S1049023X16001199. PMID 27938460.
- http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro/massgatherings.html Public Health Preparedness for Mass Gatherings
- “Global Forum on Mass Gathering Medicine”.
- Home – CrowdRx: Event Medical Services