Jabril ibn Bukhtishu
Jabril ibn Bukhtishu, (Jibril ibn Bakhtisha) also written as Bakhtyshu, was an 8th-9th century physician from the Bukhtishu family of Assyrian Nestorian physicians from the Academy of Gundishapur. He was a Nestorian and spoke the Syriac language.
Grandson of Jirjis ibn Jibril, he lived in the second half of the eighth century.
He wrote various medical works and exerted much influence upon the progress of science in Baghdad. Works attributed to him include Kitāb ṭabā’i‘ al-ḥayawān wa-khawāṣṣihā wa-manāfi‘ a‘ḍā’ihā (‘Book of the Characteristics of Animals and Their Properties and the Usefulness of Their Organs’), written for Nasir al-Dawla; Risāla fī al-ṭibb wa-al-aḥdāth al-nafsāniyya (‘Treatise on Medicine and Psychological Phenomena’); and Kitāb naʿt al-hayawān. He was a member of the Bakhtyashu family. He took pains to obtain Greek medical manuscripts and patronized the translators.
- F. Wüstenfeld, Arabische Aerzte (15-16, 1840).
- Lucien Leclerc, Médecine arabe (vol. 1, 99-102, 1876).
- Max Meyerhof, New Light on Hunain ibn Ishaq (Isis, VIII, 717, 1926).
- Anna Contadini, ‘A Bestiary Tale: Text and Image of the Unicorn in the Kitāb naʿt al-hayawān (British Library, or. 2784)’, Muqarnas, 20 (2003), 17-33 (p. 17), https://www.jstor.org/stable/1523325.
- Islamic Culture and the Medical Arts, U.S. National Library of Medicine
- Anna Contadini, ‘A Bestiary Tale: Text and Image of the Unicorn in the Kitāb naʿt al-hayawān (British Library, or. 2784)’, Muqarnas, 20 (2003), 17-33 (pp. 17-18), https://www.jstor.org/stable/1523325.