Administrative divisions of India

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The administrative divisions of India are subnational administrative units of India; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions. Indian states and territories frequently use different local titles for the same level of subdivision (e.g., the mandals of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana correspond to tehsils of Uttar Pradesh and other Hindi-speaking states but to talukas of Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu).[1]

The smaller subdivisions (villages and blocks) exist only in rural areas. In urban areas, urban local bodies exist instead of these rural subdivisions.

Zones[edit]

Zonal Councils of India

The States have been grouped into six zones having an Advisory Council “to develop the habit of cooperative working” among these States. Zonal Councils were set up vide Part-III of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The North Eastern States’ special problems are addressed by another statutory body – The North Eastern Council, created by the North Eastern Council Act, 1971.[2] The present composition of each of these Zonal Councils is as under:[3]

States and union territories[edit]

India is composed of 29 states and 7 union territories (including a national capital territory).[7] The union territories are governed by administrators, appointed by the President of India. Two of the territories (Delhi and Puducherry) have been given partial statehood, with elected legislatures and executive councils of ministers, but limited powers.

Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal Andaman Sea Arabian Sea Laccadive Sea Siachen Glacier Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Myanmar China Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Tajikistan Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Goa Gujarat Jammu and Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Assam Meghalaya Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland Manipur Mizoram Telangana Tripura West Bengal Sikkim Bhutan Bangladesh Bihar Jharkhand Odisha Chhattisgarh Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand Nepal Delhi Haryana Punjab Himachal Pradesh Chandigarh Pakistan Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Disputed territory in Jammu and Kashmir Disputed territory in Jammu and Kashmir

A clickable map of the 29 states and 7 union territories of India

States
Number State Code Capital
1 Andhra Pradesh AP Hyderabad (shared with Telangana for not more than 10 years per Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014), Amaravati[8] (new capital)
2 Arunachal Pradesh AR Itanagar
3 Assam AS Dispur
4 Bihar BR Patna
5 Chhattisgarh CG Naya Raipur
6 Goa GA Panaji
7 Gujarat GJ Gandhinagar
8 Haryana HR Chandigarh (shared with Punjab, also a Union Territory)
9 Himachal Pradesh HP Shimla (summer), Dharamshala (winter)
10 Jammu and Kashmir JK Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)
11 Jharkhand JH Ranchi
12 Karnataka KA Bengaluru
13 Kerala KL Thiruvananthapuram
14 Madhya Pradesh MP Bhopal
15 Maharashtra MH Mumbai
16 Manipur MN Imphal
17 Meghalaya ML Shillong
18 Mizoram MZ Aizawl
19 Nagaland NL Kohima
20 Odisha OD Bhubaneshwar
21 Punjab PB Chandigarh (shared with Haryana, also a Union Territory)
22 Rajasthan RJ Jaipur
23 Sikkim SK Gangtok
24 Tamil Nadu TN Chennai
25 Telangana[9] TS Hyderabad
26 Tripura TR Agartala
27 Uttar Pradesh UP Lucknow
28 Uttarakhand UK Dehradun (interim)
29 West Bengal WB Kolkata
Union territories
Number Union territory Code Capital
A Andaman and Nicobar Islands AN Port Blair
B Chandigarh CH Chandigarh (also the capital of Haryana and Punjab)
C Dadra and Nagar Haveli DN Silvassa
D Daman and Diu DD Daman
E Lakshadweep LD Kavaratti
F National Capital Territory of Delhi DL New Delhi
G Puducherry PY Pondicherry

Regions[edit]

This is a list of unofficial, or quasi-official, regions of India. Some are geographic regions, others ethnic, linguistic, dialect, or cultural regions, and some correspond to historic countries, states or provinces.

The six regions[edit]

Name Population
(2011 census)
Largest city Area States Union Territories
Central India 100,525,580 Indore 443,443 km2 2 0
East India 226,925,195 Kolkata 418,323 km2 4 1
North India 376,809,728 Delhi 1,010,731 km2 7 2
Northeast India 45,587,982 Guwahati 262,230 km2 8 0
South India 253,051,953 Bangalore 635,780 km2 5 2
Western India 173,343,821 Mumbai 508,032 km2 3 2

Regions within states[edit]

Some states consist of regions, which have no official administrative governmental status. They are purely geographic regions; some correspond to historic countries, states or provinces. A region may comprise one or more divisions, averaging about three divisions per region. However, the boundaries of the regions and the boundaries of the divisions do not always coincide exactly. So far there has been no movement to give the regions official administrative status. If this was to be done, it would presumably require that the boundaries of the regions be slightly modified so that they correspond exactly with their constituent districts.

Divisions[edit]

Many of the Indian states are subdivided into divisions which have official administrative governmental status and each division is headed by senior IAS officer called Divisional Commissioner. Currently, administrative and revenue divisions exists in all states except Gujarat, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Sikkim, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and all union territories apart from Delhi.

State/Union Territory Division Headquarter District Districts
Arunachal Pradesh East Namsai Lohit, Anjaw, Tirap, Changlang, Lower Dibang Valley, Dibang Valley, East Siang, Upper Siang, Longding, Namsai, Siang
West Lower Subansiri Tawang, West Kameng, East Kameng, Papum Pare, Lower Subansiri, Kurung Kumey, Kra Daadi, Upper Subansiri, West Siang, Lower Siang and Itanagar Capital Complex
Assam Upper Assam Jorhat Charaideo, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Golaghat, Jorhat, Lakhimpur, Majuli, Sivasagar, and Tinsukia
Lower Assam Guwahati Baksa, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Chirang, Dhubri, Goalpara, Nalbari, Kamrup Metropolitan, Kamrup Rural, Kokrajhar, and South Salmara-Mankachar
North Assam Tezpur Biswanath, Darrang, Sonitpur, and Udalguri
Central Assam Nagaon Dima Hasao, Hojai, East Karbi Anglong, West Karbi Anglong, Morigaon, and Nagaon
Barak Valley Sichar Cachar, Hailakandi, and Karimganj
Bihar Patna Patna Patna, Nalanda, Bhojpur, Rohtas, Buxar and Kaimur
Tirhut Muzaffarpur West Champaran, East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Sheohar and Vaishali
Saran Chhapra Saran, Siwan and Gopalganj
Darbhanga Darbhanga Darbhanga, Madhubani and Samastipur
Kosi Saharsa Saharsa, Madhepura and Supaul
Purnia Purnia Purnia, Katihar, Araria and Kishanganj
Bhagalpur Bhagalpur Bhagalpur and Banka
Munger Munger Munger, Jamui, Khagaria, Lakhisarai, Begusarai and Sheikhpura
Magadh Gaya Gaya, Nawada, Aurangabad, Jehanabad and Arwal
Chattisgarh Surguja Surguja Koriya, Balrampur-Ramanujganj, Surajpur, Jashpur and Surguja
Bilaspur Bilaspur Bilaspur, Mungeli, Korba, Janjgir-Champa and Raigarh
Durg Durg Kabirdham (Kawardha), Bemetara, Durg, Balod and Rajnandgaon
Raipur Raipur Mahasamund, Baloda Bazar, Gariaband, Raipur and Dhamtari
Bastar Bastar Kanker (Uttar Bastar), Narayanpur, Kondagaon, Bastar, Dantewada (Dakshin Bastar), Bijapur and Sukma
Haryana Hisar Hisar Fatehabad, Jind, Hisar and Sirsa
Gurugram Gurugram Gurugram, Mahendragarh and Rewari
Ambala Ambala Ambala, Kurukshetra, Panchkula and Yamuna Nagar
Faridabad Faridabad Faridabad, Palwal and Nuh
Rohtak Rohtak Jhajjar, Charkhi Dadri, Rohtak, Sonipat and Bhiwani
Karnal Karnal Karnal, Panipat and Kaithal
Himachal Pradesh Kangra Kangra Chamba, Kangra and Una
Mandi Mandi Bilaspur, Hamirpur, Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti and Mandi
Shimla Shimla Kinnaur, Shimla, Sirmaur and Solan
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu Jammu Jammu, Doda, Kathua, Kishtwar, Poonch, Rajouri, Ramban, Reasi, Samba and Udhampur
Kashmir Srinagar Srinagar, Anantnag, Bandipora, Baramulla, Budgam, Ganderbal, Kulgam, Kupwara, Pulwama and Shopian
Ladakh Leh Kargil and Leh
Jharkhand Palamu Palamu Garhwa, Latehar and Palamu
North Chotanagpur Hazaribagh Bokaro, Chatra, Dhanbad, Giridih, Hazaribagh, Koderma and Ramgarh
South Chotanagpur Ranchi Gumla, Khunti, Lohardaga, Ranchi and Simdega
Kolhan West Singhbhum East Singhbhum, Seraikela Kharsawan district, and West Singhbhum
Santhal Pargana Dumka Godda, Deoghar, Dumka, Jamtara, Sahibganj and Pakur
Karnataka Bengaluru Bengaluru Bengaluru Urban, Bengaluru Rural, Ramanagara, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Kolar, Shivamogga and Tumakuru
Mysuru Mysuru Chamarajanagar, Chikkamagaluru, Dakshina Kannada, Hassan, Kodagu, Mandya, Mysuru and Udupi
Belagavi Belagavi Bagalkot, Belagavi, Vijayapura, Dharwad, Gadag, Haveri and Uttara Kannada
Kalaburagi Kalaburagi

Ballari, Bidar, Kalaburagi, Koppal, Raichur and Yadgir

Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal

Bhopal, Raisen, Rajgarh, Sehore and Vidisha

Indore Indore

Alirajpur district
Barwani, Burhanpur, Indore, Dhar, Jhabua, Khandwa and Khargone

Gwalior Gwalior

Gwalior, Ashoknagar, Shivpuri, Datia and Guna

Jabalpur Jabalpur Balaghat, Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Katni, Mandla, Narsinghpur, Seoni and Dindori
Rewa Rewa

Rewa, Satna, Sidhi and Singrauli

Sagar Sagar

Chhatarpur, Damoh, Panna, Sagar, Tikamgarh and Niwari

Shahdol Shahdol

Anuppur, Shahdol and Umaria

Ujjain Ujjain

Agar Malwa, Dewas, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Ratlam and Shajapur

Chambhal Morena

Morena, Sheopur and Bhind

Narmadapuram Betul

Betul, Harda and Hoshangabad

Maharashtra Amravati Amravati

Akola, Amravati, Buldana, Yavatmal and Washim

Aurangabad Aurangabad

Aurangabad
Beed, Jalna, Osmanabad, Nanded, Latur, Parbhani and Hingoli

Konkan Thane

Mumbai City, Mumbai Suburban, Thane, Palghar, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg

Nagpur Nagpur

Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Gondia, Nagpur and Wardha

Nashik Nashik

Ahmednagar, Dhule, Jalgaon, Nandurbar and Nashik

Pune Pune

Kolhapur, Pune, Sangli, Satara and Solapur

Meghalaya Tura West Garo Hills

South West Garo Hills, West Garo Hills, North Garo Hills, East Garo Hills and South Garo Hills

Shillong East Khasi Hills

West Khasi Hills, South West Khasi Hills, Ri-Bhoi, East Khasi Hills, West Jaintia Hills and East Jaintia Hills

Nagaland Nagaland Kohima

Dimapur, Kiphire, Kohima, Longleng, Mokokchung, Mon, Peren, Phek, Tuensang, Wokha, Zunheboto and Noklak

Odisha Central Cuttack

Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Kendrapada, Khordha, Mayurbhanj, Nayagarh and Puri

Northern Sambalpur

Angul, Balangir, Bargarh, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Jharsuguda, Kendujhar, Sambalpur, Subarnapur and Sundargarh

Southern Berhampur

Boudh, Gajapati, Ganjam, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Nuapada and Rayagada

Punjab Patiala Patiala

Patiala, Sangrur, Barnala, Fatehgarh Sahib and Ludhiana

Faridkot Faridkot

Faridkot, Bathinda and Mansa

Firozepur Firozepur

Firozepur, Moga, Shri Muktsar Sahib and Fazilka

Jalandhar Jalandhar

Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Pathankot, Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Kapurthala and Hoshiarpur

Rupnagar Rupnagar

Rupnagar, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar and Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar

Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur

Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Dausa

Jodhpur Jodhpur

Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Pali and Sirohi

Ajmer Ajmer

Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur and Tonk

Udaipur Udaipur

Udaipur, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Dungarpur and Rajsamand

Bikaner Bikaner

Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh

Kota Kota

Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar and Kota

Bharatpur Bharatpur

Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai and Madhopur

Uttar Pradesh Agra Agra

Agra, Firozabad, Mainpuri and Mathura

Aligarh Aligarh

Aligarh, Etah, Hathras and Kasganj

Prayagraj Prayagraj

Prayagraj, Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Pratapgarh

Azamgarh Azamgarh

Azamgarh, Ballia and Mau

Bareilly Bareilly

Badaun, Bareilly, Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur

Basti Basti

Basti, Sant Kabir Nagar and Siddharthnagar

Chitrakoot Chitrakoot

Banda, Chitrakoot, Hamirpur and Mahoba

Devipatan Gonda

Bahraich, Balarampur, Gonda and Shravasti

Ayodhya Ayodhya

Ambedkar Nagar, Barabanki, Ayodhya, Sultanpur and Amethi

Gorakhpur Gorakhpur

Deoria, Gorakhpur, Kushinagar and Maharajganj

Jhansi Jhansi

Jalaun, Jhansi and Lalitpur

Kanpur Kanpur

Auraiya, Etawah, Farrukhabad, Kannauj, Kanpur Dehat and Kanpur Nagar

Lucknow Lucknow

Hardoi, Lakhimpur Kheri, Lucknow, Raebareli, Sitapur and Unnao

Meerut Meerut

Baghpat, Bulandshahar, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Ghaziabad, Meerut and Hapur

Mirzapur Mirzapur

Mirzapur, Sant Ravidas Nagar and Sonbhadra

Moradabad Moradabad

Bijnor, Amroha, Moradabad, Rampur and Sambhal

Saharanpur Saharanpur

Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur and Shamli

Varanasi Varanasi

Chandauli, Ghazipur, Jaunpur and Varanasi

Uttarakhand Kumaon Nainital

Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Nainital, Pithoragarh and Udham Singh Nagar

Garhwal Pauri Garhwal

Chamoli, Dehradun, Haridwar, Pauri Garhwal, Rudraprayag, Tehri Garhwal and Uttarkashi

West Bengal Presidency Kolkata

Howrah, Kolkata, Nadia, North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas

Medinipur Paschim Medinipur

Bankura, Jhargram, Paschim Medinipur, Purba Medinipur and Purulia

Malda Malda

Dakshin Dinajpur, Malda, Murshidabad and Uttar Dinajpur

Burdwan Hooghly

Birbhum, Hooghly, Paschim Bardhaman and Purba Bardhaman

Jalpaiguri Jalpaiguri

Alipurduar, Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri and Kalimpong

Delhi Delhi Delhi

Central Delhi, East Delhi, New Delhi, North Delhi, North East Delhi, North West Delhi, Shahdara, South Delhi, South East Delhi, South West Delhi and West Delhi

No. of divisions in each state or UT
Map key Name of State or Union Territory (Italicized) Number of Divisions Population[10] Population/district
1 Andhra Pradesh 49,386,799 3,798,985
2 Arunachal Pradesh 2 1,383,727 57,656
3 Assam 5 31,169,272 944,523
4 Bihar 9 104,099,452 2,739,459
5 Chhattisgarh 5 25,545,198 946,118
6 Goa 1,458,545 729,273
7 Gujarat 60,439,692 1,831,506
8 Haryana 6 25,351,462 1,152,339
9 Himachal Pradesh 3 6,864,602 572,050
10 Jammu and Kashmir 3 12,541,302 570,059
11 Jharkhand 5 32,988,134 1,374,506
12 Karnataka 4 61,095,297 2,036,510
13 Kerala 33,406,061 2,386,147
14 Madhya Pradesh 10 72,626,809 1,396,669
15 Maharashtra 6 112,374,333 3,121,509
16 Manipur 2,721,756 170,110
17 Meghalaya 2 2,966,889 269,717
18 Mizoram 1,097,206 137,151
19 Nagaland 1 1,978,502 179,864
20 Odisha 3 41,974,218 1,399,141
21 Punjab 5 27,743,338 1,261,061
22 Rajasthan 7 68,548,437 2,077,225
23 Sikkim 610,577 152,644
24 Tamil Nadu 72,147,030 2,254,595
25 Tripura 3,673,917 459,240
26 Uttar Pradesh 18 199,812,341 2,664,165
27 Uttarakhand 2 10,086,292 775,869
28 West Bengal 5 91,276,115 3,968,527
29 Telangana 35,193,978 1,135,290
A Andaman and Nicobar 380,581 126,860
B Chandigarh 1,055,450 1,055,450
C Dadra and Nagar Haveli 343,709 343,709
D Daman and Diu 243,247 121,624
E Lakshadweep 64,473 64,473
F Delhi 1 16,787,941 1,526,176
G Puducherry 1,247,953 311,988
36 Total  103 1,210,854,977 1,677,084

States and territories of India, numbered as per the table

Districts[edit]

States and territories (or divisions) are further subdivided into districts (zilla), of which there are 722 (as of 2018). Each District is headed by an IAS officer called District Magistrate.

Sub-districts[edit]

Tehsils, talukas, sub-divisions, mandals, circles, headed by a Tehsildar or Talukdar or MRO, comprise several villages or village clusters. The governmental/ elected bodies at the Tehsil level are called the panchayat samiti.

States use varying names for their sub-districts. Detailed information is as follows:[11]

State Sub–district Number of
sub–districts
Andhra Pradesh Mandal 664[12]
Arunachal Pradesh Circle 149
Assam Sub-division 155
Bihar Sub-division 101
Chhattisgarh Tehsil 149
Goa Taluka 12
Gujarat Taluka 248
Haryana Tehsil 67
Himachal Pradesh Tehsil 109
Jammu and Kashmir Tehsil 59
Jharkhand Sub-division 210
Karnataka Taluka 206
Kerala Taluka 75
Madhya Pradesh Tehsil 367
Maharashtra Taluka 353
Manipur Sub-division 38
Meghalaya Sub-division 39
Mizoram Sub-division 22
Nagaland Circle 93
Odisha Tehsil 485
Punjab Tehsil 72
Rajasthan Tehsil 268
Sikkim Sub-division 9
Tamil Nadu Taluka 201
Telangana Mandal 452
Tripura Sub-division 38
Uttar Pradesh Tehsil 350
Uttarakhand Tehsil 86
West Bengal Sub-division 341
Union Territory Sub–district Number of
sub–districts
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Tehsil 7
Chandigarh Tehsil 1
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Taluka 1
Daman and Diu Taluka 2
Delhi Tehsil 34
Lakshadweep Sub-division 4
Puducherry Commune panchayat 10

Rural level[edit]

Blocks[edit]

The block or Community development block or CD Block is often the next level of administrative division after the tehsil.

State CD Block Number of
CD Blocks
Bihar CD Block 534
Haryana CD Block 140
Jharkhand CD Block 263[13]
Tripura CD Block 58
Uttarakhand CD Block 95

Villages[edit]

Villages are often the lowest level of subdivisions in India. The governmental bodies at the village level are called Gram Panchayat, of which there were an estimated 256,000 in 2002.
Each Gram Panchayat covers a large village or a cluster of smaller villages with a combined population exceeding 500 Gram Sabha. Clusters of villages are also sometimes called Hobli or Patti.

Habitations[edit]

Certain governmental functions and activities – including clean water availability, rural development, and education – are tracked at a sub-village level.[14] These hamlets are termed “habitations”. India is composed of 1,714,556 habitations [15] In some states, most villages have a single habitation; in others (notably Kerala and Tripura) there is a high ratio of habitations to villages.[16]

Metropolitan area[edit]

A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighbourhoods, townships, cities, exurbs, suburbs, counties, districts, states, and even nations like the eurodistricts.
As social, economic and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions.
Metropolitan areas include one or more urban areas, as well as satellite cities, towns and intervening rural areas that are socio-economically tied to the urban core, typically measured by commuting patterns
The metropolitan cities of India are: Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Hyderabad and Bengaluru.

Historic[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Archived copy – Table 1.1 – India at a Glance – Administrative Division – 2001” (PDF). Office of the Registrar General of India, New Delhi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  2. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 8 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ “Zonal Council”. mha.nic.in. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  5. ^ “THE STATES REORGANISATION ACT, 1956 (ACT NO.37 OF 1956) PART – III ZONES AND ZONAL COUNCILS” (PDF). Interstatecouncil.nic.in. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  6. ^ “PRESENT COMPOSITION OF THE SOUTHERN ZONAL COUNCIL” (PDF). Interstatecouncil.nic.in. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  7. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) States and Union Territories of India – Source – Government of India Official Website
  8. ^ “Vijayawada is Andhra Pradesh’s new capital”. Deccanchronicle.com. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  9. ^ “Appointed Day for Telangana State”. Newindianexpress.com. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  10. ^ “List of states with Population, Sex Ratio and Literacy Census 2011”. 2011 Census of India. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  11. ^ “Statement showing the Nomenclature and Number of Sub-Districts in States/UTs”. Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi. 2010–2011. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  12. ^ “List of Mandals” (PDF). msmehyd.ap.nic.in. Andhra Pradesh State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  13. ^ “Names of Blocks of Jharkhand”. Jharkhandi Baba. 2017-10-21. Retrieved 2017-10-21.
  14. ^ Indian Department of Drinking Water Supply Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ Indian Department of Education Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]