The United States of America
is a federal republic
of 50 states
, a capital district
, and a few other territories. It resides mostly in central North America
. The U.S. has three land borders, two with Canada
and one with Mexico
, and is otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean
, the Bering Sea
, the Arctic Ocean
and the Atlantic Ocean
. Of the 50 states, only Alaska
are not contiguous with any other state. The U.S. also has a collection of districts, territories, and possessions
around the world. Each state has a high level of local autonomy according to the system of federalism. The United States traces its national origin to the declaration
by 13 British
colonies in 1776
that they were free and independent states. They were recognized as such by the Treaty of Paris
in 1783. Since then, the nation has grown to become a global superpower
and exerts a high level of economic, political, military, and cultural influence.
The United States Marine Corps
is a branch of the U.S. military
responsible for providing power projection
from the sea, utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy
to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces
to global crises. Alongside the U.S. Navy, the Marine Corps operates under the United States Department of the Navy
. Originally organized as the Continental Marines
, the Marine Corps has evolved its mission with changing military doctrine and American foreign policy. The Marine Corps has served in every American armed conflict including the Revolutionary War
. It attained prominence in the twentieth century when its theories and practice of amphibious warfare
proved prescient, and ultimately formed the cornerstone of the Pacific campaign
of World War II
. By the early twentieth century, the Marine Corps had become the dominant theorist and practitioner of amphibious warfare. Its ability to rapidly respond to regional crises has made and continues to make it an important body in the implementation and execution of American foreign policy. The United States Marine Corps, with 180,000 active duty and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2005, is the smallest of the United States' armed forces in the Department of Defense.
Did you know?
Selected society biography
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr.
(July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was the thirty-eighth President of the United States
, serving from 1974 to 1977, and the fortieth Vice President of the United States
serving from 1973 to 1974. He was the first person appointed to the vice presidency under the terms of the 25th Amendment
, and became President upon Richard Nixon
's resignation on August 9, 1974. Ford was the fifth U.S. President never to be elected for the position of President, but the only U.S. President to not even be elected as Vice President or President.
As president, Ford signed the Helsinki Accords, marking a move toward détente in the Cold War, even as South Vietnam, a former ally, was invaded and conquered by North Vietnam. Ford did not intervene in Vietnamese affairs, but did help extract friends of the U.S. Domestically, the economy suffered from inflation and a recession under President Ford. One of his more controversial decisions was granting a presidential pardon to President Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal. In 1976, Ford narrowly defeated Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination, but ultimately lost the presidential election to Democrat Jimmy Carter.
Anniversaries for March 21
(I-68) is a 112.6-mile (181.2 km) Interstate highway
in the U.S. states
of West Virginia
, connecting Interstate 79
to Interstate 70
is also Corridor E
of the Appalachian Development Highway System
. From 1965 until the freeway's construction was completed in 1991, it was designated as U.S. Route 48 (US 48). In Maryland, the highway is known as the National Freeway', an homage to the historic National Road
, which I-68
parallels between Keysers Ridge
. The freeway mainly spans rural areas, and crosses numerous mountain ridges along its route. A road cut constructed for it through Sideling Hill
exposed geological features of the mountain and has become a tourist attraction.
There have been several major planned road projects that would affect the freeway's corridor, including a plan to extend I-68 to Moundsville, West Virginia (which, due to major funding issues, is unlikely to be completed As of 2010 ) and the plan to construct the Mon-Fayette Expressway, a toll highway which, when completed, will meet I-68 east of Morgantown.
Selected culture biography
was a renowned Russian-American photographer
, best known for capturing on film the culture of Jews
and Eastern Europe
before the Holocaust
Vishniac was an extremely diverse photographer, an accomplished biologist and a knowledgeable collector and teacher of art history. Throughout his life, he made significant scientific contributions to the fields of photomicroscopy and time-lapse photography. Vishniac was very interested in history, especially that of his ancestors. In turn, he was strongly tied to his Jewish roots and was a Zionist later in life.
Roman Vishniac won international acclaim for his photography: his pictures from the shtetlach and Jewish ghettos, celebrity portraits, and images of microscopic biology. He is known for his book A Vanished World, published in 1983, which was one of the first such pictorial documentations of Jewish culture in Eastern Europe from that period and also for his extreme humanism, respect and awe for life, sentiments that can be seen in all aspects of his work.
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