Portal:United States

The United States Portal

Flag of the United States of America
Great Seal of the United States of America
Location on the world map

The United States of America is a federal republic of 50 states, a capital district, and a few other territories. It resides mostly in central North America. The U.S. has three land borders, two with Canada and one with Mexico, and is otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Bering Sea, the Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. Of the 50 states, only Alaska and Hawaii are not contiguous with any other state. The U.S. also has a collection of districts, territories, and possessions around the world. Each state has a high level of local autonomy according to the system of federalism. The United States traces its national origin to the declaration by 13 British colonies in 1776 that they were free and independent states. They were recognized as such by the Treaty of Paris in 1783. Since then, the nation has grown to become a global superpower and exerts a high level of economic, political, military, and cultural influence.

Libertybell alone small.jpg More about… the United States, its history and diversity

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A swarm gathers on Wall Street during the bank panic in October 1907

The Panic of 1907 was a financial crisis that occurred in the United States when its stock market fell close to 50 percent from its peak the previous year. Primary causes of the run included a retraction of market liquidity by a number of New York City banks, a loss of confidence among depositors, and the absence of a statutory lender of last resort. The crisis occurred after the failure of an attempt in October 1907 to corner the market on stock of the United Copper Company. When this bid failed, banks that had lent money to the cornering scheme suffered runs which later spread to affiliated banks and trusts, leading a week later to the downfall of the Knickerbocker Trust Company—New York City’s third-largest trust. The collapse of the Knickerbocker spread fear throughout the city’s trusts as regional banks withdrew reserves from New York City banks. The panic would have deepened if not for the intervention of financier J.P. Morgan, who pledged large sums of his own money, and convinced other New York bankers to do the same, to shore up the banking system. By November the contagion had largely ended. The following year, Senator Nelson W. Aldrich established and chaired a commission to investigate the crisis and propose future solutions, leading to the creation of the Federal Reserve System.

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Route of the first round-the-world nonstop flight by a jet airplane

Selected society biography

Portrait of Jim Bowie by George Peter Alexander Healy c. 1820

Jim Bowie played a prominent role in the Texas Revolution, culminating in his death at the Battle of the Alamo. Countless stories of him as a fighter and frontiersman, both real and fictitious, have made him a legendary figure in Texas history.

His rise to fame began in 1827 on reports of the Sandbar Fight. What began as a duel between two other men deteriorated into a melee in which Bowie, having been shot and stabbed, killed the sheriff of Rapides Parish with a large knife. This and other stories of Bowie’s prowess with the knife led to the widespread popularity of the Bowie knife.

Bowie’s reputation was cemented by his role in the Texas Revolution. After moving to Texas in 1830, Bowie became a Mexican citizen and married the daughter of the vice governor of the province. At the outbreak of the Texas Revolution, Bowie joined the Texas militia, leading forces at the Battle of Concepcion and the Grass Fight. In January 1836, he arrived at the Alamo, where he commanded the volunteer forces until an illness left him bedridden. Bowie died with the other Alamo defenders on March 6. Despite conflicting accounts of the manner of his death, the “most popular, and probably the most accurate” accounts maintain that he died in his bed after emptying his pistols into several Mexican soldiers.

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Ronald Reagan

General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!

Anniversaries for February 12

The sculpture of Abraham Lincoln at the Lincoln Memorial.

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Seattle, Washington, skyline
Credit: Cacophony

The skyline of Seattle at dusk.

Selected location

Gloss Mountains in Oklahoma

Oklahoma is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America. With an estimated 3,579,212 residents and a land area of 68,667 square miles (177,847 km²), Oklahoma is the 28th most populous and 20th-largest state. Its name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning “red people”, and is known informally by its nickname, The Sooner State. Formed from Indian Territory on November 16, 1907, Oklahoma was the 46th state to enter the union. Its citizens are known as Oklahomans, and the state’s capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

A major producer of natural gas, oil and food, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, energy, telecommunications, and biotechnology. Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahoma’s primary economic anchors, with nearly 60 percent of Oklahomans living in their metropolitan statistical areas.

With small mountain ranges, prairie, and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains and the U.S. Interior Highlands—a region especially prone to severe weather. With a prevalence of residents with Native American ancestry, more than 25 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma, the most of any state. It is located on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and historically served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for southern settlers, and a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans.

Selected culture biography

Hemingway in 1939

Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American author and journalist. His distinctive writing style, characterized by economy and understatement, influenced 20th-century fiction, as did his life of adventure and public image. He produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. Hemingway’s fiction was successful because the characters he presented exhibited authenticity that resonated with his audience. Many of his works are classics of American literature. He published seven novels, six short story collections, and two non-fiction works during his lifetime; a further three novels, four collections of short stories, and three non-fiction works were published posthumously.

Shortly after the publication of The Old Man and the Sea in 1952 Hemingway went on safari to Africa, where he was almost killed in a plane crash that left him in pain or ill-health for much of the rest of his life. Hemingway had permanent residences in Key West, Florida, and Cuba during the 1930s and ’40s, but in 1959 he moved from Cuba to Ketchum, Idaho, where he committed suicide in the summer of 1961.

In the news

Wikinews United States portal

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Featured content

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As of 12 February 2019, there are 1,180 featured and 2,979 good articles within WikiProject United States scope. This makes up 5.4% of the articles on Wikipedia, 13.35% of all featured articles and lists, and 10.19% of all good articles. Including non-article pages, such as talk pages, redirects, categories, etcetera, there are 1,015,062 pages in the project.
Featured culture biographies:
Actors and filmmakers
James Thomas Aubrey, Jr.
Kroger Babb
Eric Bana
Joseph Barbera
Bette Davis
Kirsten Dunst
Judy Garland
Jake Gyllenhaal
Maggie Gyllenhaal
Anthony Michael Hall
William Hanna
Phil Hartman
Ethan Hawke
Katie Holmes
Janet Jackson
Michael Jackson
Angelina Jolie
Diane Keaton
Madonna (entertainer)
Austin Nichols
Brad Pitt
Nancy Reagan
Ronald Reagan
Aaron Sorkin
KaDee Strickland
Sharon Tate
Reese Witherspoon
Anna May Wong;
Arts and entertainment
James Robert Baker
William D. Boyce
Stephen Crane
Emily Dickinson
George Washington Dixon
Zelda Fitzgerald
Margaret Fuller
William Gibson
Rufus Wilmot Griswold
Ernest Hemingway
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
Jenna Jameson
James Russell Lowell
Master Juba
I. M. Pei
Edgar Allan Poe
Roman Vishniac
Nathaniel Parker Willis;
Alice in Chains
Bix Beiderbecke
Big Star
Mariah Carey
Bob Dylan
Flea (musician)
Black Francis
John Frusciante
The Greencards
Insane Clown Posse
Janet Jackson
Michael Jackson
Bradley Joseph
Maynard James Keenan
Frank Klepacki
David Lovering
Madonna (entertainer)
John Mayer
Nine Inch Nails
Nirvana (band)
The Notorious B.I.G.
Leo Ornstein
Ellis Paul
Pearl Jam
Elvis Presley
The Smashing Pumpkins
Elliott Smith
Gwen Stefani
The Supremes
Tool (band)
Uncle Tupelo
Frank Zappa;
Sports and games
Nick Adenhart
Shelton Benjamin
Moe Berg
Tim Duncan
Bobby Eaton
Orval Grove
Art Houtteman
Magic Johnson
Michael Jordan
Bart King
Sandy Koufax
Jimmy McAleer
Bob Meusel
Stan Musial
Ben Paschal
CM Punk
J. R. Richard
Jackie Robinson
Bill Russell
Sigi Schmid
Lee Smith (baseball)
Ozzie Smith
Paul Stastny
Jim Thorpe
Tyrone Wheatley

Featured society biographies:
Daniel Boone
James Bowie
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Henry Cornelius Burnett
Frederick Russell Burnham
Wesley Clark
Brian Eaton
Gerald Ford
Winfield Scott Hancock
Benjamin Harrison
William Henry Harrison
Rutherford B. Hayes
Thomas C. Hindman
Thomas C. Kinkaid
Eli Lilly
John McCain
George B. McClellan
Fred Moosally
Sylvanus Morley
Edwin Taylor Pollock
Ronald Reagan
Uriel Sebree
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Isaac Shelby
William Tecumseh Sherman
Myles Standish
Edward Teller
Benjamin Franklin Tilley
Stephen Trigg
Harriet Tubman;
Politics and government
Samuel Adams
J. C. W. Beckham
Daniel Boone
William O’Connell Bradley
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Henry Cornelius Burnett
Charles Carroll the Settler
Murray Chotiner
Wesley Clark
Grover Cleveland
Calvin Coolidge
Richard Cordray
John J. Crittenden
Gerald Ford
Wendell Ford
William Goebel
Emma Goldman
John W. Johnston
Franklin Knight Lane
John McCain
George B. McClellan
Bob McEwen
Thomas R. Marshall
Harvey Milk
Edwin P. Morrow
Pat Nixon
Barack Obama
Rosa Parks
Paul E. Patton
Edwin Taylor Pollock
Nancy Reagan
Ronald Reagan
Theodore Roosevelt
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Terry Sanford
Antonin Scalia
Solomon P. Sharp
Isaac Shelby
Augustus Owsley Stanley
Stephen Trigg
Jerry Voorhis
Daniel Webster
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman;
Science and academia
Edward Drinker Cope
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
David A. Johnston
Eli Lilly
Glynn Lunney
Barbara McClintock
Sylvanus Morley
Gerard K. O’Neill
Hilary Putnam
Edward Teller
Roman Vishniac
Otto Julius Zobel

Featured lists: There are over 230 Featured lists in the scope of United States including:
109th United States Congress
Commandant of the Marine Corps
Korean War Medal of Honor recipients
Most populous counties in the United States
National Parks of the United States
Tallest buildings in Washington, D.C.
U.S. state name etymologies
U.S. states by population
United States Secretary of Energy
Volcanoes in the Hawaiian – Emperor seamount chain
See more by WikiProject…

Featured portals:
Illinois (Chicago)
Indiana (Indianapolis)
Kentucky (Louisville)
New York
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
Texas (Houston)
American Civil War
Barack Obama
Military of the United States (United States Navy, United States Air Force)
U.S. Roads (Maryland Roads, Michigan Highways)



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