Pennsylvania State University
|Motto||Making Life Better|
|Type|| • State-related
|Endowment||$3.64 billion (2015, systemwide)
• $1.81 billion (2015, University Park)
|Budget||$3.602 billion (2016)|
|President||Eric J. Barron|
|Provost||Nicholas P. Jones|
• 47,307 (University Park)
• 40,742 (University Park)
• 6,565 (University Park)
|Campus||Rural/College town, 7,343 acres (29.72 km2)|
|Colors||Blue and white
|NCAA Division I – Big Ten|
|Official name||Ag Hill Complex|
|Designated||January 12, 1979|
|Official name||Farmers’ High School|
|Designated||September 11, 1981|
|Official name||Pennsylvania State University, The|
|Designated||April 30, 1947|
The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania. Founded in 1855 as the Farmers’ High School of Pennsylvania, the university conducts teaching, research, and public service. Its instructional mission includes undergraduate, graduate, professional and continuing education offered through resident instruction and online delivery. Its University Park campus, the flagship campus, lies within the Borough of State College and College Township. It has two law schools: Penn State Law, on the school’s University Park campus, and Dickinson Law, located in Carlisle, 90 miles south of State College. The College of Medicine is located in Hershey. Penn State has another 19 commonwealth campuses and 5 special mission campuses located across the state. Penn State has been labeled one of the “Public Ivies,” a publicly funded university considered as providing a quality of education comparable to those of the Ivy League.
Annual enrollment at the University Park campus totals more than 46,800 graduate and undergraduate students, making it one of the largest universities in the United States. It has the world’s largest dues-paying alumni association. The university’s total enrollment in 2015–16 was approximately 97,500 across its 24 campuses and online through its World Campus.
The university offers more than 160 majors among all its campuses and administers $3.62 billion (as of 30 June 2016[update]) in endowment and similar funds. The university’s research expenditures totaled $836 million during the 2016 fiscal year.
Annually, the university hosts the Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon (THON), which is the world’s largest student-run philanthropy. This event is held at the Bryce Jordan Center on the University Park campus. In 2014, THON raised a program record of $13.3 million. The university’s athletics teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are collectively known as the Penn State Nittany Lions. They compete in the Big Ten Conference for most sports.
- 1 History
- 2 Campuses
- 3 Organization and administration
- 4 Academics
- 5 Student life
- 6 Athletics
- 7 Notable people
- 8 The Alumni Association
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The school was founded as a degree-granting institution on February 22, 1855, by Pennsylvania’s state legislature as the Farmers’ High School of Pennsylvania. Centre County, Pennsylvania, became the home of the new school when James Irvin of Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, donated 200 acres (0.8 km2) of land – the first of 10,101 acres (41 km2) the school would eventually acquire. In 1862, the school’s name was changed to the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, and with the passage of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts, Pennsylvania selected the school in 1863 to be the state’s sole land-grant college. The school’s name changed to the Pennsylvania State College in 1874; enrollment fell to 64 undergraduates the following year as the school tried to balance purely agricultural studies with a more classic education.
George W. Atherton became president of the school in 1882, and broadened the curriculum. Shortly after he introduced engineering studies, Penn State became one of the ten largest engineering schools in the nation. Atherton also expanded the liberal arts and agriculture programs, for which the school began receiving regular appropriations from the state in 1887. A major road in State College has been named in Atherton’s honor. Additionally, Penn State’s Atherton Hall, a well-furnished and centrally located residence hall, is named not after George Atherton himself, but after his wife, Frances Washburn Atherton. His grave is in front of Schwab Auditorium near Old Main, marked by an engraved marble block in front of his statue.
Early 20th century
In the years that followed, Penn State grew significantly, becoming the state’s largest grantor of baccalaureate degrees and reaching an enrollment of 5,000 in 1936. Around that time, a system of commonwealth campuses was started by President Ralph Dorn Hetzel to provide an alternative for Depression-era students who were economically unable to leave home to attend college.
In 1953, President Milton S. Eisenhower, brother of then-U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, sought and won permission to elevate the school to university status as The Pennsylvania State University. Under his successor Eric A. Walker (1956–1970), the university acquired hundreds of acres of surrounding land, and enrollment nearly tripled. In addition, in 1967, the Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, a college of medicine and hospital, was established in Hershey with a $50 million gift from the Hershey Trust Company.
In the 1970s, the university became a state-related institution. As such, it now belongs to the Commonwealth System of Higher Education. In 1975, the lyrics in Penn State’s alma mater song were revised to be gender-neutral in honor of International Women’s Year; the revised lyrics were taken from the posthumously-published autobiography of the writer of the original lyrics, Fred Lewis Pattee, and Professor Patricia Farrell acted as a spokesperson for those who wanted the change.
In 1989, the Pennsylvania College of Technology in Williamsport joined ranks with the university, and in 2000, so did the Dickinson School of Law. The university is now the largest in Pennsylvania, and in 2003, it was credited with having the second-largest impact on the state economy of any organization, generating an economic effect of over $17 billion on a budget of $2.5 billion. To offset the lack of funding due to the limited growth in state appropriations to Penn State, the university has concentrated its efforts on philanthropy (2003 marked the end of the Grand Destiny campaign—a seven-year effort that raised over $1.3 billion).
Child sex abuse scandal
In 2011, the university and its football team garnered major international media attention and criticism due to a sex abuse scandal in which university officials were alleged to have covered up incidents of child sexual abuse by former football team defensive coordinator Jerry Sandusky. Athletic director Timothy Curley and Gary Schultz, Senior Vice President for Finance and Business, were indicted for perjury. In the wake of the scandal, coach Joe Paterno was fired and school president Graham B. Spanier was forced to resign by the Board of Trustees. Sandusky, who maintained his innocence, was indicted and subsequently convicted in June 2012 on 45 counts for the abuse.
A subcommittee of the Board of Trustees engaged former FBI director Louis Freeh to head an independent investigation on the university’s handling of the incidents. Freeh released his findings in July 2012, announcing that Paterno, along with Spanier, Curley and Schultz “conceal[ed] Sandusky’s activities from the Board of Trustees, the University community and authorities” and “failed to protect against a child sexual predator harming children for over a decade”. On July 23, 2012, the National Collegiate Athletic Association announced a series of sanctions against Penn State and the Nittany Lions football team for the role of their leadership in the Penn State sex abuse scandal. The NCAA penalized Penn State football with a $60 million fine, a ban from bowl games and post-season play for 4 years, a reduction in scholarships from 25 to 15 per year for four years, the vacating of all wins from 1998 to 2011 and a 5-year probationary period.
The validity of the sanctions later came into question, and emails surfaced that indicated highly ranked officials within the NCAA did not believe the organization had the jurisdiction to pass down the original sanctions. Subsequent emails, brought forward under subpoena, quoted Mark Emmert, the NCAA President, as agreeing the original sanctions were possible due to a bluff by the NCAA. On September 8, 2014, the sanctions, following a report by former U.S. Senator and athletics integrity monitor George J. Mitchell citing progress by Penn State in implementing reforms, were officially repealed by the NCAA and all previous records were restored.
An investigation led by former U.S. Attorney General Richard Thornburgh, who was retained by the Paterno family to review the Freeh report, concluded that the report that placed so much blame on Penn State and Paterno was a “rush to injustice” that could not be relied upon. He found that not only did the evidence “fall far short” of showing Paterno attempted to conceal the Sandusky scandal, but rather that “the contrary is true”. In November 2014, state Sen. Jake Corman released emails showing “regular and substantive” contact between NCAA officials and Freeh’s investigators, suggesting that the Freeh conclusions were orchestrated.
Paterno was posthumously honored by Penn State during the September 17, 2016 football game that marked the 50th anniversary of his first game as head coach. The controversial tribute was met with both a standing ovation by fans and protests inside and outside of the stadium.
Death of Timothy Piazza
On February 2, 2017, Timothy Piazza, a pledge of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity at the university died while undergoing hazing activities at the university. Eighteen members of the Penn State Beta Theta Pi fraternity were charged in connection with Piazza’s death and the fraternity was closed and banned from campus indefinitely.
The largest of the university’s 24 campuses, University Park is almost entirely within the boundaries of State College borough, a site chosen because it is near the geographic center of the state. With an undergraduate acceptance rate of 50 percent, it is the most selective campus in the Penn State system, due primarily to the fact that students select University Park as their first-choice campus at a far greater rate than the university’s other undergraduate campuses. During the fall 2018 semester, 40,363 undergraduate students and 5,907 graduate students were enrolled at University Park. Of those, 46.5 percent were female and 42.4 percent were non-Pennsylvania residents.
The University Park campus is centrally located at the junction of Interstate 99 and U.S. Route 322, and is due south of Interstate 80. Before the arrival of the Interstates, University Park was a short distance from the Lock Haven – Altoona branch line of the Pennsylvania Railroad. The last run of long-distance trains from Buffalo or Harrisburg through Lock Haven was in 1971. Today, the nearest passenger rail access is in Lewistown, 31 miles to the southeast. The University Park Airport, serving four regional airlines, is near University Park.
In addition to the University Park campus, 19 campus locations throughout the state offer enrollment for undergraduate students. Over 60 percent of Penn State first-year students begin their education at a location other than University Park. Each of these commonwealth campuses offer a unique set of degree programs based on the student demographics. Any student in good academic standing is guaranteed a spot at University Park to finish his or her degree if required or desired, known as “change of campus” or more accurately “the 2+2 program”; where a Penn State student may start at any Penn State campus, including University Park, for 2 years and finish at any Penn State the final 2 years.
Special Mission Campuses and World Campus
Special Mission Campuses
- Dickinson Law, founded in 1834 as The Dickinson School of Law in Carlisle, is the oldest law school in Pennsylvania and the fifth oldest in the country. Over the years, its graduates have included the nation’s finest attorneys, judges, government and corporate leaders, and legal educators. The Dickinson School of Law’s 1997 merger with Penn State was completed in 2000 and expanded its reputation, network, and joint degree programs—complementing Dickinson Law’s legacy as an innovative leader in experiential education. In 2006 a second campus was opened at University Park. The school was split in 2014 into two separately accredited law schools: Dickinson Law in Carlisle and Penn State Law at University Park. The last students to attend the dual-campus Penn State Dickinson School of Law graduated in May 2017.
- The Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies is a special mission campus offering master’s degrees, master’s certification, and continuing professional education. Located in Malvern, Pennsylvania, it also offers classes at the old Philadelphia Naval Shipyard.
- Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, Pennsylvania, is the university’s medical school and teaching hospital. Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center has become only the ninth hospital in the United States and 16th worldwide to implant the CardioWest temporary Total Artificial Heart when a 60-year-old man suffering from end-stage heart failure received the device in May 2008.
- Pennsylvania College of Technology, in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, offers certificates as well as degrees in over 10 technical fields. Pennsylvania College of Technology became an affiliate of The Pennsylvania State University in 1989, after establishing a national reputation for education supporting workforce development, first as a technical institute and later as a community college.
In 1998, the university launched Penn State World Campus, or Penn State Online, which offers more than 60 online education programs, degrees, and certificates. Distance education has a long history at Penn State, one of the first universities in the country to offer a correspondence course for remote farmers in 1892. Examples of online programs include an MBA, master of professional studies in homeland security, a bachelor of science in nursing, and post-baccalaureate certificates in geographic information systems and applied behavior analysis. Penn State’s World Campus offers 18 graduate degrees, 21 graduate certificates, 17 undergraduate degrees, and 11 undergraduate certificates. World Campus students come from all 50 U.S. states, more than 40 countries, and six continents.
Organization and administration
Penn State is a “state-related” university, part of Pennsylvania’s Commonwealth System of Higher Education. As such, although it receives funding from the Commonwealth and is connected to the state through its board of trustees, it is otherwise independent and not subject to the state’s direct control. For the 2006–2007 fiscal year, the university received 9.7 percent of its budget from state appropriations, the lowest of the four state-related institutions in Pennsylvania. Initial reports concerning the 2007–2008 fiscal year indicated that Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell is recommending a 1.6 percent increase in state appropriations. Penn State’s appropriation request, submitted to the Pennsylvania Department of Education in September, requested a 6.8 percent increase in funding.
Penn State has eighteen colleges, including three at special-mission campuses. The University Park campus is organized into fourteen distinct colleges, plus the Graduate School and the Division of Undergraduate Studies:
In addition, the university’s Board of Trustees voted in January 2007 to create a School of International Affairs, with the first classes admitted in the fall 2008 semester. The school is part of Penn State Law.
Formerly the School of Nursing, on September 25, 2013, the Board of Trustees granted the nursing program college status.
Board of Trustees
The university is governed by the 32-member board of trustees. Its members include the university’s president, the Governor of the Commonwealth, and the state Secretaries of Agriculture, Conservation and Natural Resources, and Education. The other members include six trustees appointed by the Governor, nine elected by alumni, and six elected by Pennsylvania agricultural societies. Six additional trustees are elected by a board representing business and industry enterprises. Undergraduate students do not elect any trustees; the court case Benner v. Oswald ruled that the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment did not require the undergraduate students be allowed to participate in the selection of trustees.
The main responsibilities of the board are to select the president of Penn State, to determine the goals and strategic direction of the university, and to approve the annual budget. Regular meetings of the board are held bi-monthly and take place primarily on the University Park campus, although on occasion meetings are held at other locations within the Commonwealth.
The president of the university is selected by the board and is given the authority for actual control of the university, including day-to-day management. In practice, part of this responsibility is delegated by the president to other departments of the administration, to the faculty, and to the student body. Eric J. Barron became the university’s 18th and current president on May 12, 2014, upon the departure of Rodney Erickson. The executive vice president and provost is the chief academic officer of the university. The current provost, Nicholas P. Jones, assumed office on July 1, 2013.
Penn State has a long history of student governance. Elected student leaders remain directly involved in the decision-making of the university administration, as provided for in the Board of Trustee’s Standing Orders. Currently, there are three Student Governments recognized by the university administration: the University Park Undergraduate Association (UPUA), the Graduate and Professional Student Association (GPSA), and the Council of Commonwealth Student Governments (CCSG).
The University Park Undergraduate Association (UPUA) is the representative student government of the 39,102 undergraduate students at Penn State’s University Park campus, which was established in 2006 after the former student government, Undergraduate Student Government (USG), lost its recognition by way of a student referendum.
The UPUA is composed of an Assembly of Student Representatives, an Executive Board, and a Judicial Board. The Executive Board is the bureaucratic branch of the UPUA and is led by Student Body President Katie Jordan. The Assembly, which is led by Chair Brent Rice, is the legislative body of UPUA and is composed of elected representatives whose constituencies include the academic units of Penn State, Greek Life, Freshmen Representatives, and At-Large Representatives. The UPUA meets every Wednesday at 8:00 pm in 233A HUB. These meetings are open to the public. Additionally, students are able to reach out to the UPUA regarding issues at the university through its “What to Fix PSU (WTFPSU)” social media campaign.
The graduate and professional students of the university are governed by the Graduate and Professional Student Association (GPSA), which is the oldest continuously existing student governance organization at Penn State. GPSA “work[s] on the behalf of the students to make sure that the graduate voice is heard by all levels of the administration and faculty at Penn State and to put on events geared towards graduate and professional students.”
As of September 2009[update], only 24 Pennsylvania colleges and universities held Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business accreditation in business and only four in accounting. The Smeal College of Business, The Sam and Irene Black School of Business, Penn State Harrisburg, and Penn State Great Valley were among the institutions accredited.
The university offers an accelerated Premedical–Medical Program in cooperation with Sidney Kimmel Medical College. Students in the program spend two or three years at the university before attending medical school at Jefferson.
Recently, a joint venture between the Eberly College of Science and the Smeal College of Business created an integrated undergraduate/graduate program to give highly motivated students the opportunity to receive a bachelor’s degree in Science and an MBA two to five years sooner than those pursuing a traditional path. The BS/MBA Program prepares individuals to be future leaders of the world’s scientific organizations and is led by Mr. Peter Tombros and Dr. James Gardner.
As of fall 2010, the racial makeup of the Penn State system including all campuses and special-mission colleges, was 75.4 percent white, 5.5 percent black, 4.3 percent Asian, 4.4 percent Hispanic, 0.2 percent Native American, 0.1 percent Native Hawaiian/Pac Island, 1.7 percent two or more races, 5.8 percent international students and 3.1 percent of an unknown race. Over the period 2000–2010, minority enrollment as a percentage of total enrollments has risen 5.3 percentage points, while minorities as a percentage of total teaching positions rose 2.0 percentage points from 1997 to 2002.
Penn State has been the subject of controversy for several issues of discrimination. Following some violent attacks on African-Americans in downtown State College in 1988 and complaints that Penn State was not adequately recruiting African-American faculty and students to representative population levels, student activists occupied Old Main and demanded that Penn State do more to recruit minority students and address intolerance toward minority students on campus, as well as in the local community. After President Bryce Jordan canceled a promised meeting with students and organizations in the Paul Robeson Cultural Center on April 8, 1988, 250 students and activists nonviolently occupied Penn State’s Telecommunications building on campus. The following morning, 50 state troopers and 45 local and campus police, equipped with helmets, batons, and rubber gloves, entered the building as the crowd outside sang “We Shall Overcome”, arresting 89 individuals for trespassing. All charges were later dismissed.
In 1990 a vice provost for educational equity was appointed to lead a five-year strategic plan to “create an environment characterized by equal access and respected participation for all groups and individuals irrespective of cultural differences.” Since then, discrimination issues include the handling of death threats in 1992 and 2001, controversy around LGBT issues, and the investigation of a 2006 sexual discrimination lawsuit filed by former Lady Lions basketball player Jennifer Harris, alleging that head coach Rene Portland dismissed her from the team in part due to her perceived sexual orientation.
Six-year graduation rates for the 2004 cohort at University Park was 85.3 percent. Graduation rates by race among this group are 86.6 percent white, 75.0 percent black, 81.9 percent Asian, 77.4 percent Hispanic, 57.1 percent Native American and 76.1 percent international students. According to a 2006 survey by USA Today, the university’s flagship campus, University Park, has the highest in-state tuition rates among comparable institutions nationwide. While a task force formed in 2001 to study options for tuition projections determined that the university’s operating efficiency is among the highest in postsecondary education, it found that tuition increases at Penn State still consistently outpaced increases at other Big Ten Conference institutions. Student leaders of The Council of Commonwealth Student Governments (CCSG) have led annual rallies to support lower rate hikes at each of the nineteen commonwealth campuses and at the Pennsylvania state capitol in Harrisburg. In 2005, the board of trustees proposed a tuition freeze at the commonwealth campus locations as part of its state appropriation request.
|U.S. News & World Report||50|
|U.S. News & World Report||56|
|QS Arts & Humanities||81|
|QS Life Sciences & Medicine||125|
|QS Natural Sciences||84|
|THE-WUR Life Sciences||53|
|THE-WUR Physical Sciences||54|
|THE-WUR Social Sciences||46|
|ARWU Natural Science & Math||49|
|ARWU Engineering & CS||51–75|
|ARWU Life Sciences||51–75|
|ARWU Social Sciences||29|
The 2018 Academic Ranking of World Universities ranks the university 74th among universities worldwide and 37th nationally. U.S. News & World Report ranks the university’s undergraduate program 50th in its 2017 American’s Best College and 14th among Top Public Schools in the United States. In 2015, the university was also ranked 101st in the QS World University Rankings. A more updated 2013–2014 World University Ranking by Times Higher Education ranks Penn State as the 49th best university in the world. Similarly, the 2013 report by the Center for World University Rankings ranks the university as Top 50 in the world.
According to a Wall Street Journal survey released in September 2010, the university was ranked number 1 by 479 corporate recruiting executives who were asked to identify “whose bachelor degree graduates were the best-trained and educated, and best able to succeed once hired.”
According to the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, the university is a research university with very high research activity. Over 10,000 students are enrolled in the university’s graduate school (including the law and medical schools), and over 70,000 degrees have been awarded since the school was founded in 1922.
Penn State’s research and development expenditure has been on the rise in recent years. For fiscal year 2013, according to institutional rankings of total research expenditures for science and engineering released by the National Science Foundation, Penn State stands second in the nation, behind only Johns Hopkins and tied with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in the number of fields in which it is ranked in the top ten. Overall, Penn State ranked 17th nationally in total research expenditures across the board. In 12 individual fields, however, the university achieved rankings in the top ten nationally. The fields and sub-fields in which Penn State ranked in the top ten are materials (1st), psychology (2nd), mechanical engineering (3rd), sociology (3rd), electrical engineering (4th), total engineering (5th), aerospace engineering (8th), computer science (8th), agricultural sciences (8th), civil engineering (9th), atmospheric sciences (9th), and earth sciences (9th). In eleven of these fields, moreover, the university has repeated top-ten status every year since at least 2008. For fiscal year 2011, the National Science Foundation reported that Penn State had spent $794,846,000 on R&D and ranked 15th among U.S. universities and colleges in R&D spending.
For the 2008–2009 fiscal year, Penn State was ranked ninth among U.S. universities by the National Science Foundation, with $753 million in research and development spending for science and engineering. During the 2015–2016 fiscal year, Penn State received $836 million in research expenditures.
The Applied Research Lab (ARL), located near the University Park campus, has been a research partner with the United States Department of Defense since 1945 and conducts research primarily in support of the United States Navy. It is the largest component of Penn State’s research efforts statewide, with over 1,000 researchers and other staff members.
The Materials Research Institute was created to coordinate the highly diverse and growing materials activities across Penn State’s University Park campus. With more than 200 faculty in 15 departments, 4 colleges, and 2 Department of Defense research laboratories, MRI was designed to break down the academic walls that traditionally divide disciplines and thereby enable faculty to collaborate across departmental and even college boundaries. MRI has become a model for this interdisciplinary approach to research, both within and outside the university. Dr. Richard E. Tressler was an international leader in the development of high-temperature materials. He pioneered high-temperature fiber testing and use, advanced instrumentation and test methodologies for thermostructural materials, and design and performance verification of ceramics and composites in high-temperature aerospace, industrial and energy applications. He was founding director of the Center for Advanced Materials (CAM) which supported many faculty and students from the College of Earth and Mineral Science, the Eberly College of Science, the College of Engineering, the Materials Research Laboratory and the Applied Research Laboratories at Penn State on high-temperature materials. His vision for Interdisciplinary research played a key role in the creation of the Materials Research Institute, and the establishment of Penn State as an acknowledged leader among major universities in materials education and research.
The university was one of the founding members of the Worldwide Universities Network (WUN), a partnership that includes 17 research-led universities in the United States, Asia, and Europe. The network provides funding, facilitates collaboration between universities, and coordinates exchanges of faculty members and graduate students among institutions. Former Penn State president Graham Spanier is a former vice-chair of the WUN.
The Pennsylvania State University Libraries were ranked 14th among research libraries in North America in the 2003–2004 survey released by The Chronicle of Higher Education. The university’s library system began with a 1,500-book library in Old Main. In 2009, its holdings had grown to 5.2 million volumes, in addition to 500,000 maps, five million microforms, and 180,000 films and videos.
The university’s College of Information Sciences and Technology is the home of CiteSeerX, an open-access repository and search engine for scholarly publications. The university is also the host to the Radiation Science & Engineering Center, which houses the oldest operating university research reactor. Additionally, University Park houses the Graduate Program in Acoustics, the only freestanding acoustics program in the United States. The university also houses the Center for Medieval Studies, a program that was founded to research and study the European Middle Ages, and the Center for the Study of Higher Education (CSHE), one of the first centers established to research postsecondary education.
Big Ten Academic Alliance
Penn State is a participant in the Big Ten Academic Alliance. The Big Ten Academic Alliance (BTAA) is the academic consortium of the universities in the Big Ten Conference. Engaging in $10 billion in research in 2014–2015, BTAA universities provide powerful insight into important issues in medicine, technology, agriculture, and communities. Students at participating schools are also allowed “in-house” borrowing privileges at other schools’ libraries. The BTAA uses collective purchasing and licensing, and has saved member institutions $19 million to date. Course sharing, professional development programs, study abroad and international collaborations, and other initiatives are also part of the BTAA.
There are seven housing complexes located on campus for students attending the University Park campus: East Halls, North Halls, Pollock Halls, South Halls, West Halls, Eastview Terrace, and Nittany Apartments. Each complex consists of a few separate buildings that are dormitories and a commons building, which has: lounges, the help desk for the complex, mailboxes for each dormitory room, a convenience store, a food court, an all-you-care-to-eat buffet. Different floors within a building may be designated as a Special Living Option (SLO). SLOs are offered to members of certain student groups (such as sororities), students studying particular majors, students who wish to engage in a particular lifestyle (such as the alcohol-free LIFE House), or other groups who wish to pursue similar goals.
As of September 2014[update], 864 student organizations were recognized at the University Park campus. In addition, the university has one of the largest Greek systems in the country, with approximately 12 percent of the University Park population affiliated. Additional organizations on campus include Thespians, Blue Band, Chabad, Glee Club, Aish HaTorah, Student Programming Association (SPA), Lion’s Pantry, Boulevard, Apollo, 3D Printer Club, and the Anime Organization, which hosts a Centre County anime convention, Setsucon.
Every February, thousands of students participate in the Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon (THON), which has been “dubbed by supporters as the world’s largest student-run philanthropy.” In previous years, participants stood for 48 hours nonstop and performed a line dance at least once every hour to stay alert. In 2007, THON was moved to the Jordan Center and now lasts 46 hours. THON raises millions of dollars annually for pediatric cancer care and research, generally through the Four Diamonds Fund. In 2014, THON raised a program record of $13.3 million.
The Lion’s Pantry
The Lion’s Pantry is an undergraduate student-run on-campus food pantry (and a registered student organization). The Lion’s Pantry serves undergraduate, graduate, and professional students. With increasing awareness of hunger on college campuses, the Lion’s Pantry is one of the most successful startup food pantries in the nation. They partner with groups ranging from Boulevard, UPUA, Greek Life, and more to receive over 8,000 food donations a year. The club was also awarded the Class Gift of 2017 in the form of an endowment.
Student media groups on campus include The Daily Collegian, Penn State’s student-run newspaper; Onward State, a student-run blog; The Underground, a multi-cultural student media site; The LION 90.7 FM (WKPS-FM), a student-run radio station; CommRadio, a student-run, internet-based radio program; La Vie, the university’s annual student yearbook; Kalliope, a student-produced literary journal; Valley, a student-run style and life magazine; Phroth, a student-run humor magazine; and Penn State Live, the official news source of the university published by its public relations team.
The Daily Collegian has continuously been ranked as one of the top college newspapers by the Princeton Review. The paper, which was founded in 1904, provides news, sports and arts coverage, and produces long-form features. It publishes in print on Mondays and Thursdays while classes are in session. Since the summer of 1996, the traditional paper publication has been supplemented by an online edition. Online content is published everyday. Penn State’s commonwealth campuses receive a weekly copy of the paper, titled The Weekly Collegian.
Onward State is a student-run blog geared towards members of the university’s community. The blog, which was founded in 2008, provides news, event coverage and opinion pieces. U.S. News & World Report named the blog the “Best Alternative Media Outlet” in February 2009.
The Underground is a multicultural student-run media site devoted to telling the untold stories within the Penn State community. The publication seeks to foster the multicultural student voice through creating an open forum of discussion and promoting diversity and community involvement. The media site was founded in 2015.
The LION 90.7 FM (WKPS-FM) was founded in 1995 as a replacement for Penn State’s original student radio station WDFM. The LION broadcasts from the ground floor of the HUB–Robeson Center, serving the Penn State and State College communities with alternative music and talk programming, including live coverage of home Penn State football games.
CommRadio is operated by the Penn State College of Communications. It was founded in the spring of 2003 as an internet-based audio laboratory and co-curricular training environment for aspiring student broadcasters. It airs both sports coverage and news. Other programming includes student talk shows, political coverage, AP syndicated news, and soft rock music. In recent years, ComRadio broadcasters have won numerous state awards for their on-air work.
La Vie (the Life), the university’s annual student yearbook, has been in production documenting student life continuously since 1890. La Vie 1987, edited by David Beagin, won a College Gold Crown for Yearbooks award from the Columbia Scholastic Press Association.
Kalliope is an undergraduate literary journal produced by students and sponsored by the university’s English Department. It is published in the spring. Kalliope includes works of fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and visual art. In addition, Klio, an online publication, provides students with literary pieces in the fall semester.
Valley is Penn State’s student-run life and style magazine. It was founded in 2007.
The student-run humor magazine is Phroth, which publishes two to four issues each year. Its roots date back to 1909 when it was called Froth. Several Froth writers and editors have gone on to win fame: Julius J. Epstein wrote the screenplay for the film Casablanca (1942) and won three Academy Awards; Jimmy Dugan wrote for the Saturday Evening Post, National Geographic, and The New York Times; and Ronald Bonn was a producer with NBC Nightly News and CBS Evening News.
In addition, Penn State’s newspaper readership program provides free copies of USA Today, The New York Times, as well as local and regional newspapers depending on the campus location (for example, the Centre Daily Times in University Park). This program, initiated by then-President Graham Spanier in 1997, has since been instituted on several other universities across the country.
Penn State’s mascot is the Nittany Lion, a representation of a type of mountain lion that once roamed what is now University Park. The school’s official colors, now blue and white, were originally black and dark pink. Penn State participates in the NCAA Division I FBS and in the Big Ten Conference for most sports.
Two sports participate in different conferences: men’s volleyball in the Eastern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association (EIVA) and women’s hockey in College Hockey America (CHA). The fencing teams operate as independents.
Athletic teams at Penn State have won 77 national collegiate team championships (49 NCAA, 2 consensus Division I football titles, 6 AIAW, 3 USWLA, 1 WIBC, and 4 national titles in boxing, 11 in men’s soccer and one in wrestling in years prior to NCAA sponsorship). The 49 NCAA Championships ranks fifth all time in NCAA Division I, and is the most of any Big Ten school.
Penn State has one of the most successful overall athletic programs in the country, as evidenced by its rankings in the NACDA Director’s Cup, a list compiled by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics that charts institutions’ overall success in college sports. From the Cup’s inception in the 1993–1994 season, the Nittany Lions have finished in the top 25 every year.
Despite widespread success in the overall athletic program, however, the school is best known for its football team, which draws a very large following. Penn State’s Beaver Stadium has the second largest seating capacity of any stadium in the nation, with an official capacity of 106,572 slightly behind Michigan Stadium with an official capacity of 107,601. For decades, the football team was led by coach Joe Paterno. Paterno was in a close competition with Bobby Bowden, the head coach for Florida State, for the most wins ever in Division I-A (now the FBS) history. This competition effectively ended with Paterno still leading following Bowden’s retirement after the 2010 Gator Bowl. In 2007, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. Paterno amassed 409 victories over his career, the most in NCAA Division 1 history. Paterno died on January 22, 2012, at the age of 85.
The school’s wrestling team has also become noticed. Under Cael Sanderson, the Nittany Lions won six national titles in a seven-year span, from 2011 to 2017.
The university opened a new Penn State All-Sports Museum in February 2002. This two-level 10,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) museum is located inside Beaver Stadium.
In addition to the school funded athletics, club sports also play a major role in the university, with over 68 club sport organizations meeting regularly to date. Many club teams compete nationally in their respective sports. The Penn State Ski Team, which competes as part of the United States Collegiate Ski and Snowboard Association (USCSA) in the Allegheny Conference, as well as the Penn State Swim Club, which competes in the American Swimming Association – University League (ASAU), are just a few examples. Some other clubs include baseball, squash, karate, crew, and sailing.
Penn State’s most well known athletic cheer is “We are…Penn State.” Typically, the students and cheerleaders shout, “We are,” followed by a response of “Penn State” from the rest of the fans. By tradition, this is done three times, and followed by “Thank you…” “… You’re welcome!”
The list of eminent past and present individuals associated with Penn State—as alumni, faculty, and athletic staff—can be found in the list of Pennsylvania State University people.
The Alumni Association
Established in 1870, nine years after the university’s first commencement exercises, the Penn State Alumni Association has the stated mission “to connect alumni to the University and to each other, provide valuable benefits to members and support the University’s mission of teaching, research, and service.” The Alumni Association supports a number of educational and extracurricular missions of Penn State through financial support and is the network that connects alumni through over 280 “alumni groups”, many of which are designated based on geographical, academic, or professional affiliation.
As of 1 July 2010[update], the Alumni Association counts 496,969 members within the United States, with an additional 16,180 in countries around the globe. About half the United States alumni reside in Pennsylvania, primarily in the urban areas of Philadelphia (and the surrounding counties), the Pittsburgh Area and in the Centre County region surrounding State College, although alumni can be found in every region of the country and abroad. About 34 percent of United States alumni and 21 percent of international alumni are members of the Alumni Association. With membership totaling 176,426 as of FY2016, the Penn State Alumni Association is the largest dues-paying alumni association in the world, a distinction it has held since 1995.
Since 2001, the university, along with all schools in the Big Ten, has participated in the “Big Ten Challenge” website, which is a “competitive” clearinghouse of alumni donation statistics for member schools. Results are tracked to determine a percentage of each school’s alumni from the previous decade who gave to their alma mater each calendar year (during the 2005–2006 year, alumni donations from 1996 to 2005 were tallied). With the exception of 2005–2006, when Penn State fell to second behind Northwestern University, Penn State has won the challenge each year since its inception.
- NACUBO. “U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 Endowment Market Value and Change* in Endowment Market Value from FY2014 to FY2015” (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers. NACUBO. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 31, 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
- “Pennsylvania State University—University Park – Profile, Rankings and Data – US News Best Colleges”. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- “U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2016 Endowment Market Value and Change* in Endowment Market Value from FY2015 to FY2016” (PDF). NACUBO. February 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 15, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- “Office of the President”. President.psu.edu. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- Office of the Executive Vice President and Provost. Psu.edu (July 2, 2013). Retrieved on April 12, 2014.
- “Penn State Factbook – Faculty & Staff”. Budget.psu.edu. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- “Undergraduate and Graduate/First Professional Fall Enrollment 2016 and 2015”. Budget.psu.edu. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- “PSU Visual Identity Standards”. psu.edu. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- “Asset Detail”. focus.nps.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
- “Farmers’ High School”. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
- “PHMC Historical Markers Search” (Searchable database). Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- “The Farmers’ High School | Penn State University”.
- “Leadership and Mission | Penn State University”. PennState. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
- “Penn State University – Campuses and Colleges”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Moll, Richard (1985). Public Ivys: A Guide to America’s best public undergraduate colleges and universities.
- Greene, Howard and Matthew (2001). The Public Ivies: America’s Flagship Public Universities.
- “The Public Ivies: Bigger and Better?”. Niche. 2014-03-31.
- Penn State Alumni Association. “Alumni Association Overview”. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- “Penn State Factbook – Table of Contents”. Budget Office – Pennsylvania State University.
- “Penn State World Campus”. Pennsylvania State University.
- “Office of the University Registrar – Programs and Majors”. Pennsylvania State University.
- “Long-Term Investment Pool & Similar Funds (LTIP) Investment Review for Fiscal 2016” (PDF). Penn State Office of Investment Management. September 2016. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- “Penn State Annual Report of Research Activity Fiscal Year 2016” (PDF). Office of the Vice President for Research. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- Hurst, David (September 22, 2009). “PSU Gives Back with THON”. Altoona Mirror. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- “THON 2014 ‘redefines the possibilities’ with $13.3 million for pediatric cancer”.
- “Penn State World Campus helps University stay true to founding mission | Penn State University”. news.psu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
- Range II, Thomas (2006). Penn State University. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4671-1695-4.
- “Pennsylvania State University – Mission and Public Character”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- “History Of Mechanical Engineering – Chapter 1: 1886–1907 (L. E. Reber)”. Pennsylvania State University, Department of Mechanical & Nuclear Engineering. Archived from the original on November 4, 2009. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- “George W. Atherton”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved September 18, 2010.[dead link]
- “Descendants of Atherton and Buckhout Discover Their Roots at University Park”. Penn State Intercom, October 10, 2002. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- Bezilla, Michael (1985). Penn State: An Illustrated History. Pennsylvania State university Press. ISBN 978-0-271-00392-4.
- “For The Glory of Old State”. psu.edu.
- “Penn State Law – History”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on June 9, 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- “The Pennsylvania State University Economic Impact Statement”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- “Historic Grand Destiny Campaign Raises $1.371 Billion for Penn State”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- Shaughnessy, Dan (November 10, 2011). “Penn State Should Cancel Season, Fire Staff”. The Boston Globe. Retrieved November 10, 2011.
- McGill, Andrew; Assad, Matt; Sheehan, Daniel Patrick (November 10, 2011). “Penn State President Graham Spanier Resigns in Wake of Scandal”. The Morning Call. Retrieved November 10, 2011.
- BBC News – Jerry Sandusky regrets showers with boys at Penn State. BBC News (November 15, 2011). Retrieved on August 17, 2013.
- Report of the Special Investigative Counsel Regarding the Pennsylvania State University Related to the Child Sexual Abuse Committed by Gerald A. Sandusky. Jul 2012. p. 14-15.
- Johnson, Kevin; Marklein, Mary Beth (July 13, 2012). “Freeh report blasts culture of Penn State”. USA Today. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012.
- “NCAA: Penn State Gets 4-Year Bowl Ban, Must Vacate Wins From 1998–2011”. CBS News New York. 2012-07-23. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- “NCAA questioned its authority in Penalizing Penn State”. The New York Times. November 6, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- “NCAA emails suggest bluff to Penn State in Sandusky sanctions”. Mcall. November 5, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- “NCAA lifts Penn State’s bowl ban, restoring scholarships in 2015”. CBS News. September 8, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- “NCAA restores Penn State football postseason,scholarships”. NCAA. September 8, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Dick Thornburgh (February 11, 2013). “Freeh hastily misjudged Paterno: Column”. USA Today. ESPN. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- “Thornburgh: Penn State, release Freeh report documents”. April 16, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- The Morning Call (November 15, 2014). “Penn State President Eric Barron to review Freeh Report – The Morning Call”. The Morning Call.
- “Penn State marks Joe Paterno milestone amid criticism over sex abuse scandal”. The Guardian. Associated Press. 2016-09-17. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- Politi, Daniel (2016-09-17). “The Slatest Your News Companion Sept. 17 2016 4:35 PM Penn State Fans Give Joe Paterno a Standing Ovation as Protesters Turn Backs”. Slate.com.
- Reilly, Katie. “Penn State’s Joe Paterno Tribute Met With Standing Ovation and Protest”. Time. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- Hiserman, Mike. “Joe Paterno tribute ignites positive and negative passions”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- “Penn State University–University Park”. US News and World Report. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
- Undergraduate Admissions Office (August 29, 2006). “Why Is Admission to University Park So Competitive?”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on September 10, 2006. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- “Undergraduate and Graduate/First Professional Fall Enrollment”. Penn State Fact Book. University Budget Office. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
- “Enrollment by Gender, Fall 2018”. Penn State Fact Book. University Budget Office. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
- “Enrollment by Residency, Fall 2018”. Penn State Fact Book. University Budget Office. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
- Baer, Christopher T. (2009). “Named Trains of the PRR including Through Services” (PDF). prrths.com.
- Dana Bubonovich. “Students Adapt to University Park”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- “Why Should You Start Your Education at a Penn State Campus?” Published by the Undergraduate Admissions Office, Pennsylvania State University. 2006.
- “PA Historical Markers Program”. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. October 20, 1949. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
- “History”. dickinsonlaw.psu.edu. 2013-09-27. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- “Penn State’s Dickinson School of Law receives approval for separate law schools”. Penn State News. June 18, 2014. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- “Our History”. Penn State Law | University Park, Pa. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- Horan, Kevin (March 1, 2006). “Spanier Testifies for More Funding”. The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
- Boyer, Lauren (February 6, 2007). “Penn State To Receive Increased Appropriations”. The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2007.
- “2007–08 Appropriation Request”. University Budget Office. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on February 5, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2007.
- “Penn State Colleges”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
- “University To Establish School of International Affairs”. Pennsylvania State University. January 19, 2007. Retrieved January 23, 2007.
- “Penn State Names Inaugural Director for School of International Affairs”. Pennsylvania State University. March 28, 2007. Retrieved March 28, 2007.
- “Nursing program granted college status by PSU Board of Trustees”. Pennsylvania State University. September 25, 2013. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- “Membership Selection”. Penn State Board of Trustees. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- “Committee Memberships & Other Assignments”. Penn State Board of Trustees. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- “Role of the Board of Trustees in University Governance”. Penn State Board of Trustees. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- “Meeting Dates, Agendas, and Minutes”. Penn State Board of Trustees. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- Dent, Mark and Chute, Eleanor (February 18, 2014). “Barron vows to make Penn State even greater”. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- “Penn State names executive vice president and provost”. Pennsylvania State University. April 19, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- [http://www.psu.edu/trustees/pdf/standingorders.pdf Standing Orders (PDF)
- “Undergraduate and Graduate/First Professional Enrollment Fall Enrollment 2012 and 2011”. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- “University Park Undergraduate Association”. The University Park Undergraduate Association. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- “UPUA History”. The University Park Undergraduate Association. Archived from the original on February 27, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- “The Assembly”. The University Park Undergraduate Association. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- “The Assembly of Student Representatives | University Park Undergraduate Association”. Pennstateupua.com. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- “GPSA – Home”. GPSA.PSU.EDU. Archived from the original on August 6, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- “CCSG | Council of Commonwealth Student Governments”. Php.scripts.psu.edu. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- “Schools Accredited in Business – ordered by country, state, name”. The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. Archived from the original on February 22, 2007. Retrieved February 28, 2007.
- “Penn State’s Accelerated Premedical-Medical Program”. Penn State Eberly College of Science. Archived from the original on April 14, 2005. Retrieved April 28, 2005.
- “Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity”. Penn State Fact Book. University Budget Office. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on December 16, 2010. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- “Appendix 2: Faculty Employment, by Rank, by Ethnicity, 1997/2002, All Locations”. A Framework to Foster Diversity at Penn State, 2004–2009. Office of the Vice Provost for Educational Equity. Pennsylvania State University. December 12, 2005. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- The Daily Collegian. April 11, 1988.
- “Office of the Vice Provost for Educational Equity”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- Office of the Vice Provost for Educational Equity (December 12, 2005). “Campus Climate and Intergroup Relations”. A Framework To Foster Diversity at Penn State, 2004–2009. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Grote, Danielle (April 29, 2002). “University, students respond to threats”. The Daily Collegian. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- “African Americans Should Not Trust ‘Devilish’ White People”. The Daily Collegian. January 28, 1992. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Thompson, Amanda (February 3, 1992). “Collegian columnist generating national stir”. The Daily Collegian. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Andron, Scott (August 4, 1992). “Case might affect policy”. The Daily Collegian. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Gibbons, Patrick R. (April 8, 2003). “My Opinion: Conservatives Are the Group in the Closet”. The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on June 3, 2009. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- “Harris Claim Settled”. Pennsylvania State University. February 5, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- MGll, Andrew; Owens, Alyssa (February 12, 2007). “Activists Protest Diversity Policies”. The Daily Collegian. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- “USA Today’s 2006 College Tuition & Fees Survey”. USA Today. September 5, 2006. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- Board of Trustees (July 11, 2002). “Approval of Future Tuition Planning Recommendations”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- Board of Trustees (May 10, 2002). “Report of the Tuition Task Force”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- Horan, Kevin (March 24, 2006). “USG Senators Rally for Lower Tuition”. The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- Pfister, Ryan (March 15, 2006). “Students request funds at Capitol”. The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- “Penn State Proposes Tuition Freeze at 20 Campuses Through 2006–07 Funding Request”. Pennsylvania State University. September 9, 2005. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- “Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018: USA”. Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- “America’s Top Colleges 2018”. Forbes. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- “Best Colleges 2019: National Universities Rankings”. U.S. News & World Report. November 19, 2018.
- “2018 Rankings – National Universities”. Washington Monthly. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- “Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018”. Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- “QS World University Rankings® 2018”. Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- “World University Rankings 2019”. THE Education Ltd. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- “Best Global Universities Rankings: 2019”. U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- “National Universities Rankings”.
- “National Public Universities Rankings”. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
- “Pennsylvania State University”. Top Universities. 2015-07-16. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- “World University Rankings”. 2015-04-13.
- “World University Rankings 2013”. Archived from the original on July 17, 2013.
- “Penn State No. 1 Among Recruiters, Wall Street Journal Finds”. Penn State Smeal College of Business. September 10, 2010. Archived from the original on January 4, 2011.
- Evans, Teri (September 13, 2010). “Penn State Tops Recruiter Rankings”. The Wall Street Journal – College Rankings.
- “Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus”. Carnegie Classifications. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- “About the Graduate School”. Pennsylvania State University. January 19, 2009. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- “NSF Total S&E Research Expenditure Rankings for FY2013 (Released February 2015) Top Twenty Overall by NSF Fields and Subfields” (PDF).
- “Table 33. R&D expenditures at universities and colleges, ranked by all R&D expenditures, by the source of funds: FY 2007” (PDF). Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2007. Detailed Statistical Tables NSF 09-303. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. March 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- “NSF 10329”. National Science Foundation. Archived from the original on October 7, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- “Annual Report of Research Activity Fiscal Year 2016” (PDF). Office of the Vice President for Research. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- “Annual Report of Research Activity, FY 2006” (PDF). Office of the Senior Vice President for Research, Pennsylvania State University. January 8, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 25, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
- Applied Research Lab. “About ARL: Who and What We Are”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on February 2, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
- Materials Research Institute. “About MRI”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on September 12, 2009. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- Materials Research Institute. “Materials Research Institute”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved August 27, 2008.
- “Dr. Richard E. Tressler | Materials Science and Engineering at Penn State”. Matse.psu.edu. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- Pacchioli, David (September 2003). “World of Opportunity: A Growing Alliance Aims To Give University Researchers Global Reach”. Research/Penn State. 24 (3). Archived from the original on November 3, 2003. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
- Worldwide Universities Network. “About Us”. Archived from the original on January 24, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
- “Holdings of University Research Libraries in U.S. and Canada, 2003-4”. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 51 (37): A19. May 20, 2005. ISSN 0009-5982.
- “University Libraries: Statistics”. Pennsylvania State University. May 11, 2009. Archived from the original on November 15, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- “Graduate Program in Acoustics”.
- “Members of the Center for Medieval Studies”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on May 3, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- “Reciprocal Library Borrowing”. Big Ten Academic Alliance. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- “Purchasing and Licensing”. Big Ten Academic Alliance. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- “Sharing Access to Courses”. Big Ten Academic Alliance. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- “Leadership Development”. Big Ten Academic Alliance. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- “Global Collaborations”. Big Ten Academic Alliance. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- Division of Student Affairs. “Index of Student Organizations at Penn State”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on August 31, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2009.
- Aish HaTorah
- “Greek Pride Initiative Seeks a Return to Glory for Fraternities, Sororities”. Pennsylvania State University. January 21, 2005. Retrieved February 6, 2007.
- Waldhier, Laura (October 26, 2016). “Class of 2017 Pledges Support to Lion’s Pantry, the Student Food Bank”. PSU News. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- “Home”. PSU Lavie. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- “1988 Collegiate Crown Recipients”. Columbia Scholastic Press Association. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- Kalliope. “Kalliope Magazine”. Penn State English Department. Archived from the original on December 25, 2008. Retrieved December 8, 2008.
- “Valley Magazine”. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- Phroth. “Phroth Magazine”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on June 11, 2009. Retrieved December 8, 2008.
- “Newspaper Readership Program”. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved February 11, 2007.
- “The Collegiate Readership Program: Frequently Asked Questions”. USAToday.com. Retrieved August 9, 2016.
- “NCAA Members by Division”. National Collegiate Athletic Association. Archived from the original on June 11, 2009. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
Select Division I and press Run Report
- “EIVA, Penn State Member Page”. Eastern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
- “2015 Women’s Hockey Quick Facts” (PDF). GoPSUsports.com. Penn State Athletics. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
- “Penn State championship history Archived March 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine“. Penn State Athletics.
- ““Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 27, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)” NCAA.
- “Penn State Has Won 103 Big Ten Regular Season and Tournament Championships”. GoPSUsports.com. Penn State Athletics. Archived from the original on July 4, 2017. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- “Nittany Lions No. 9 in Final Directors’ Cup Standings; Penn State Earns Eighth Top 10 Finish in the Survey’s 15 Years”. Pennsylvania State University. June 26, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- Fortuna, Matt (March 17, 2008). “Beaver To Rule Arenas”. The Daily Collegian. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- “Paterno inducted into College Football Hall of Fame”. Pennsylvania State University. November 30, 2007. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- “With Penn State wins restored, Joe Paterno the winningest coach again”. USA Today. January 16, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
- “GoPSUsports.com – Official Home of Penn State Athletics”. Pennsylvania State University. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved July 12, 2008.
- “About the Penn State Alumni Association”. Penn State Alumni Association. Archived from the original on January 23, 2007. Retrieved January 23, 2007.
- “Alumni Groups”. Penn State Alumni Association. Retrieved January 23, 2007.
- “At a Glance — Penn State Alumni Association”. Alumni.psu.edu. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- “Alumni and Membership Snapshot”. Alumni Volunteer Update: September 2006. Penn State Alumni Association. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved January 23, 2007.
- “Penn State Alumni: Geographic Distribution and Membership Penetration Rates” (PDF). Penn State Alumni Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 17, 2007. Retrieved January 23, 2007.
- “Alumni Association Sourcebook 2016–17”. alumni.psu.edu. Penn State Alumni Association. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- “2005–2006 Year-End Results”. Big Ten GOLD Challenge. Archived from the original on April 28, 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- “2004–2005 Year-End Results”. Big Ten GOLD Challenge. Archived from the original on April 28, 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- “2003–2004 Year-End Results”. Big Ten GOLD Challenge. Archived from the original on October 6, 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- “2002–2003 Year-End Results”. Big Ten GOLD Challenge. Archived from the original on April 28, 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- “2001–2002 Year-End Results”. Big Ten GOLD Challenge. Archived from the original on April 28, 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- Official website
- Penn State Athletics website
- . Collier’s New Encyclopedia. 1921.
- New International Encyclopedia. 1905. .