Cannabis in Missouri

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Cannabis in Missouri, United States, is legal for medical purposes. Possession of small amounts was decriminalized in 2014.

2014 decriminalization[edit]

In 2014, a revamp of the state’s criminal code, the first done since 1979, removed the possibility of jail time for first-time possession of cannabis; the changes to the code took effect in 2017.[1]

2014 legalization of CBD[edit]

In July 2014 Governor Jay Nixon signed into law the Missouri Medical Marijuana Bill, allowing the use of CBD oil to treat persistent seizures. In 2015 the state issued licenses to two non-profits to grow cannabis for oil to be sold to patients.[2]

House Bill 2238[edit]

House Bill 2238 was introduced by Representative Caleb Jones (R) and read for the first time on March 31, 2014; Read the second time and referred to General Laws Committee on April 1, 2014; Referred to the Rules Committee on April 9, 2014; Voted “do pass” by the House Rules Committee on April 10, 2014; Referred for Fiscal Review on April 23, 2014; Voted “do pass” on April 24, 2014; Taken up for third reading and passed by a vote of 139-13 on April 24, 2014; Emergency clause adopted by a vote of 136-14 on April 24, 2014.[3]

On April 28, 2014 the Senate read the bill for the first time. The second read was on April 29, 2014 and referred to Senate Judiciary and Civil and Criminal Jurisprudence Committees after which a Public hearing was held. The Senate Committee Substitute voted do pass, and was then referred to the Senate Governmental Accountability and Fiscal Oversight committee on April 30, 2014. The third reading passed in the Senate by a vote of 32-0, sent to the House, which agreed and passed by a vote of 136-12 on May 1, 2014.[3]

House Bill 2238, “Allows the Department of Agriculture to grow industrial hemp for research purposes and allows the use of hemp extract to treat certain individuals with epilepsy.” The bill demands a neurologist to determine that the “intractable epilepsy” does not respond to at least three treatment options for a person to be eligible to use the marijuana extract. HB 2238 only allows hemp extract that contains more than 5% of cannabidiol (CBD) and no more than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).[3]

2018 medical marijuana legalization[edit]

On November 6, 2018, the State of Missouri passed Amendment 2, voters also rejected Amendment 3 and Propostion C. Amendment 2 states: ” to allow the use of marijuana for medical purposes, and create regulations and licensing/certification procedures for marijuana and marijuana facilities.”[4] [5] Retail sales will be subject to a 4% tax, with proceeds of the tax being used to fund health care needs of veterans.[6] Missouri was the 31st state to legalize medical marijuana.

Polling[edit]

Mayor of St. Louis, Francis Slay posted an informal poll on his mayoral website in January 2014, asking his constituents whether or not they were in favour of the legalisation of recreational marijuana and by extension whether the citizens believe that Missouri ought to follow Colorado.[7] The published results stated that over 90% of the people who voted were in favour of the implementation of legalised recreational usage of marijuana, and 70% supporting taxation upon its sale. 28% of those who supported this movement stating they had used the drug in the past week.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stuckey, Alex (2014-05-13). “Missouri Gov. Nixon lets criminal code revamp become law | Law and order”. stltoday.com. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  2. ^ Posted 9:57 pm, February 24, 2015, by Melanie Moon (2015-02-24). “Cannabis oil to be sold in Missouri legally”. FOX2now.com. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  3. ^ a b c O’Keefe, Karen. “8 States with Pending Legislation to Legalize Medical Marijuana – Medical Marijuana – ProCon.org.” ProConorg Headlines. N.p., n.d. Web. February 6, 2014.
  4. ^ “2018 Missouri Ballot Measures” (PDF). sos.mo.gov.
  5. ^ “Medical Marijuana Amendment 2 passes, other 2 fail in Missouri”. KSDK. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  6. ^ Nichelson, Charles (4 November 2018). “Multiple options on the ballot for medical marijuana”. Columbia Missourian. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  7. ^ “Mini Polls Archive – Mayor Slay: Standing up for St. Louis”. MayorSlay. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  8. ^ “Mayor Slay poll: Should Missouri legalize pot?”. KSDK. January 13, 2014. Retrieved November 9, 2015.