Legality of Cannabis by U.S. Jurisdiction

Cannabis in Panama is illegal for recreational use, but the law is often unenforced and its use is often tolerated by the general public. Its use is regarded as a taboo subject and it may be masked by the addition of food flavorings.[1] It is often consumed by the youth and cannabis extracts are sometimes used in e-cigarettes.[2][3]

Medical cannabis was legalized in 2021, after a bill passed the national assembly by a unanimous vote and was signed into law by President Laurentino Cortizo in October.[4][5] Panama became the first Central American country to legalize medical cannabis in doing so.[4]


The cultivation and use of cannabis (kan-jac) was banned in Panama in 1923.[6]


The Panamanian 1935 Judicial Register refers to cannabis being commonly known locally as "Canyac" or "Kan Jac".[7]


  1. ^ "Desmantelan red que supuestamente se dedicaba a la venta de marihuana líquida | La Prensa Panamá". (in Spanish). 2019-10-19. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  2. ^ AP (2019-10-10). "Vuelve a debate legalización de cannabis medicinal en Panamá". Telemetro (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  3. ^ Panamá, GESE-La Estrella de. "Sí al cannabis medicinal, pero no al cultivo de la planta en Panamá". La Estrella de Panamá (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  4. ^ a b "Panama's Congress approves medical cannabis bill in unanimous vote". Reuters. 30 August 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  5. ^ "El gobierno de Panamá legalizó el uso medicinal y terapéutico del cannabis". Infobae. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  6. ^ Rowan Robinson (1996). The Great Book of Hemp: The Complete Guide to the Environmental, Commercial, and Medicinal Uses of the World's Most Extraordinary Plant. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 58–. ISBN 978-0-89281-541-8.
  7. ^ Registro judicial: Organo del poder judicial de la República de Panamá. Imprenta Nacional. 1935.