Cannabis in New Caledonia is illegal, but is cultivated illicitly. Sources note that "hard drugs" are rare in New Caledonia, and their drug issues are primarily confined to cannabis, with local Kanak chiefs being anti-drug and working to eradicate cannabis plantations.
- International Narcotics Control Board (2001). Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2000. United Nations Publications. pp. 68–. ISBN 978-92-1-148131-0.
- Rapport de la ... Conférence Du Pacifique Sud. South Pacific Commission. 1989. p. 108.