Legality of Cannabis by U.S. Jurisdiction

Cannabis in Iran is illegal, but the law is often not strictly enforced.[1][2][3] The use of cannabis has become increasingly popular in Iranian cities according to various reports, although the government does not keep official usage statistics.[4][5]

In 1989 the Iranian government enacted a law providing the death penalty for possession of hashish in excess of five kilograms.[6]


The popularization of cannabis is apocryphally attributed to Sheikh Haydar (d. 1221 CE), a Sufi saint who lived in Khurasan province of what is now Iran.[7]


In 2015, Saeed Sefatian, who leads the working group on drug demand reduction within the Council for the Discernment of the Expediency of the State (or Expediency Council) presented a lecture outlining steps towards legalizing cannabis.[8]


  1. ^ Tegel, Simeon (13 March 2015). "A guide to smoking weed around the world". Public Radio International. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  2. ^ Meehan, Maureen (29 June 2016). "Iran Has a Drug Problem and It Doesn't Include Cannabis". High Times. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Cannabis Use in Present-Day Iran". Sensi Seeds. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  4. ^ Erdbrink, Thomas (25 June 2016). "Marijuana Use Rises in Iran, With Little Interference". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  5. ^ "As Iran's Marijuana Trade Thrives, Is It Becoming a Nation of Stoners?". The Daily Beast. 10 August 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  6. ^ Reza Afshari (7 June 2011). Human Rights in Iran: The Abuse of Cultural Relativism. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 40–. ISBN 978-0-8122-0105-5.
  7. ^ Franz Rosenthal (1971). زهر العريش في احكام الحشيش: Haschish Versus Medieval Muslim Society. Brill Archive. p. 49. GGKEY:PXU3DXJBE76.
  8. ^ Ghiabi, Mayizar (26 October 2015). "Drug laws: Iran takes steps towards legalising cannabis". The Independent. Retrieved 20 April 2017.