States of Nigeria

State
Nigeria location map.svg
Category Federated state
Location Nigeria
Number 36
Populations 1,703,358 (Bayelsa) – 9,383,682 (Kano)
Mean: 5,300,000
Areas 3,580 km2 (1,381 sq mi) (Lagos) – 76,360 km2 (29,484 sq mi) (Niger)
Mean: 25,660 km2 (9,907 sq mi)
Government State government
Subdivisions Local Government Area
Coat of arms of Nigeria.svg
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In Nigeria, a state (Hausa: jiha, Igbo: ȯra, Yoruba: ìpínlẹ̀) is a federated political entity that shares sovereignty with the federal government. There are 36 states bound together by a federal agreement. The Federal Capital Territory is not a state and under the direct control of the federal government. The states are further divided into a total of 774 Local Government Areas.[1] Under the Nigerian Constitution, states have the power to ratify constitutional amendments.

The Nigerian traditional states predate all the modern states but have no legal or administrative powers.

Current states and the Federal Capital Territory[edit]

A clickable map of Nigeria showing its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
Niger Zinder Niamey Burkina Faso Benin Atlantic Ocean Cameroon Porto Novo Garoua Chad Chad Lake Chad Abuja Sokoto State Kebbi State Zamfara State Katsina State Jigawa State Yobe State Borno State Kano State Bauchi State Gombe State Adamawa State Plateau State Taraba State Kaduna State Nasarawa State Benue State Niger State Kwara State Oyo State Ogun State Lagos State Kogi State Osun State Ekiti State Ondo State Edo State Ebonyi State Delta State Bayelsa State Rivers State Imo State Abia State Cross River State Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Anambra State Anambra State Enugu State Enugu State Akwa Ibom State Akwa Ibom State Port Harcourt Benin City Lagos Ibadan Kaduna Kano Maiduguri

A clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.

About this image
States
  1. Abia
  2. Adamawa
  3. Akwa Ibom
  4. Anambra
  5. Bauchi
  6. Bayelsa
  7. Benue
  8. Borno
  9. Cross River
  10. Delta
  11. Ebonyi
  12. Enugu
  1. Edo
  2. Ekiti
  3. Gombe
  4. Imo
  5. Jigawa
  6. Kaduna
  7. Kano
  8. Katsina
  9. Kebbi
  10. Kogi
  11. Kwara
  12. Lagos
  1. Nasarawa
  2. Niger
  3. Ogun
  4. Ondo
  5. Osun
  6. Oyo
  7. Plateau
  8. Rivers
  9. Sokoto
  10. Taraba
  11. Yobe
  12. Zamfara
Territory
Federal Capital Territory (FCT)

Evolution of Nigerian states[edit]

Date Events Map
1960-1963 At the time of independence in 1960, Nigeria was a Federal State of three Regions: Northern, Western, and Eastern. Additionally, provinces, which were a legacy of colonial times, remained extant until they were abolished in 1976.
Nigeria 1960-1963.png
1963-1967 In 1963, two provinces were detached from the Western Region to form the new Mid-Western Region.
Nigeria 1963-1967.png
1967-1976 In 1967, the regions were replaced by 12 states due to a military decree; only the former Mid-Western Region escaped division, and formed a single state following the restructuring. From 1967 to 1970 the Eastern Region attempted to secede, as a nation called Biafra during the Nigerian civil war.
Nigeria states-1967-1976.png
1976-1987 In 1976, seven new states were created, making 19 altogether.[2]
Nigeria states-1976-1987.png
1987-1991 During this period, there were 21 states and later, Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory.
Nigeria states 1987-1991.png
1991-1996 During this period, there were 30 states and the Federal Capital Territory. The Federal Capital Territory was established in 1991. In 1987 two new states were established, followed by another nine in 1991, bringing the total to 30. The latest change, in 1996, resulted in the present number of 36 states.
Nigeria 1991-1996.png

Government[edit]

As sovereign entities, States of Nigeria have the right to organize/structure their individual governments in any way within the parameters set by the Constitution of Nigeria.

Legislature[edit]

At the State level, the legislature is unicameral, with the number of its members equal to three times the number of legislatures it has in the Federal House of Representatives. It has the power to legislate on matters on the concurrent list.

Executive[edit]

At the State level, the Head of the executive is called the Governor, who has the power to appoint people to the State Executive Council, subject to the advice and consent of the State House of Assembly (Legislature). The Head of a ministry at the State level is called a commissioner, who is assisted by a permanent secretary, who is also a senior civil servant of the State.

Judiciary[edit]

The Judiciary is one of the co-equal arms of the State government concerned with the interpretation of the laws of the State government. The Judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice of the State appointed by the governor subject to the approval of the State House of Assembly.

Chronology[edit]

Regions States
1960 1963 1967 1976 1987 1991 1996
Eastern South-Eastern Cross-River Akwa Ibom
Cross-River
East Central Imo Imo
Abia Abia
Ebonyi
Anambra Enugu
Enugu
Anambra
Rivers Bayelsa
Rivers
Western Mid-Western Bendel Delta
Edo
Western Lagos
Western Ogun
Ondo Ekiti
Ondo
Oyo Osun
Oyo
Northern Benue-Plateau Plateau Nasarawa
Plateau
Benue Benue
Kogi
Kwara
Kwara
Kano Jigawa
Kano
North Central Kaduna Kaduna
Katsina
North Western Niger
Sokoto Kebbi
Sokoto Sokoto
Zamfara
North Eastern Bauchi Bauchi
Gombe
Borno Borno
Yobe
Gongola Adamawa
Taraba

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ “USAID Nigeria mission: Nigeria administrative divisions” Archived 2007-01-13 at the Wayback Machine United States Agency for International Development, October 2004, last accessed 21 April 2010
  2. ^ Kraxberger, Brennan (2005) “Strangers, Indigenes and Settlers: Contested Geographies of Citizenship in Nigeria” Space and Polity 9(1): pp. 9-27, pages 10, 11, & 15

Sources[edit]

  • Gboyega Ajayi (2007). The military and the Nigerian state, 1966-1993: a study of the strategies of political power control. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press. ISBN 1-59221-568-8.
  • Solomon Akhere Benjamin (1999). The 1996 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria. Ibadan: Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research. ISBN 978-181-238-9.
  • Rotimi T. Suberu (1994). 1991 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria. Ibadan: Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan. ISBN 978-2015-28-8.

External links[edit]