Neuropeptides B/W receptor 2, also known as NPBW2, is a human protein encoded by the NPBWR2 gene.
The protein encoded by this gene is an integral membrane protein and G protein-coupled receptor. The encoded protein is similar in sequence to another G protein-coupled receptor (GPR7), and it is structurally similar to opioid and somatostatin receptors. This protein binds neuropeptides B and W. This gene is intronless and is expressed primarily in the frontal cortex of the brain.
O’Dowd BF, Scheideler MA, Nguyen T, et al. (1995). “The cloning and chromosomal mapping of two novel human opioid-somatostatin-like receptor genes, GPR7 and GPR8, expressed in discrete areas of the brain”. Genomics. 28 (1): 84–91. doi:10.1006/geno.1995.1109. PMID7590751.
Deloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J, et al. (2002). “The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20”. Nature. 414 (6866): 865–71. doi:10.1038/414865a. PMID11780052.
Shimomura Y, Harada M, Goto M, et al. (2002). “Identification of neuropeptide W as the endogenous ligand for orphan G-protein-coupled receptors GPR7 and GPR8”. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (39): 35826–32. doi:10.1074/jbc.M205337200. PMID12130646.
Brezillon S, Lannoy V, Franssen JD, et al. (2003). “Identification of natural ligands for the orphan G protein-coupled receptors GPR7 and GPR8”. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2): 776–83. doi:10.1074/jbc.M206396200. PMID12401809.
Mazzocchi G, Rebuffat P, Ziolkowska A, et al. (2005). “G protein receptors 7 and 8 are expressed in human adrenocortical cells, and their endogenous ligands neuropeptides B and w enhance cortisol secretion by activating adenylate cyclase- and phospholipase C-dependent signaling cascades”. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 90 (6): 3466–71. doi:10.1210/jc.2004-2132. PMID15797961.