Buchanania cochinchinensis Lour.
Buchanania lanzan is a deciduous tree which produces seeds that are edible to humans. It is known as Chironji (or Charoli). These almond-flavoured seeds are used as a cooking spice primarily in India. Buchanania lanzan is cultivated across India, primarily in the northwest. After the hard shell is cracked, the stubby seed within is as soft as a pine nut.
The charoli seed is lentil-sized, is slightly flattened and has an almond-like flavour. Though they can be eaten and used raw they are often toasted or roasted before use, as this intensifies the flavour.
- “Buchanania lanzan“. India Biodiversity Portal. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
- “Celtnet Spice Guide Engtry for Chironji”. Celtnet Spice Guide. August 11, 2012. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- Bowen, Dana (April 28, 2004). “TEMPTATION; Charoli Nuts Flavor the Dishes, and Memories, of Indian Chefs”. New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- Pankaj Oudhia, Robert E. Paull. Chironji Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Anacardiaceae p14-
15. Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts – 2008, J. Janick and R. E. Paull -editors, CABI,
Wallingford, United Kingdom