Cannabis in Lebanon

Cannabis in Lebanon is illegal. However, large amounts are grown within the country, and personal use as long as not in public is not a major issue.[1] Legalization efforts are underway, though formal action has not yet been taken [2]. The Parliament speaker stated, “The Lebanese Parliament is preparing to study and adopt the legislation necessary to legislate the cultivation of cannabis and its manufacture for medical uses in the manner of many European countries and some US states.”[3] This announcement comes after the release of a five-year study by McKinsey & Company to boost economic development. With the world’s third highest debt, proponents for legalization argue that fostering the marijuana industry could help to reform the country’s economy [4] Some growers that oppose the reform, such as Abu Jafaar of the Bekka Valley (Lebanon’s most well known growing area), fear that government intervention will take revenue away from them and into the hands of politicians. [5]

Prohibition[edit]

The production of hashish was prohibited in Lebanon in 1926, during the era of the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon.[6][7] The cultivation of cannabis itself was forbidden in 1992, under pressure from the United States.[8]

Production[edit]

By 2001 poverty had pressed many farmers to return to growing cannabis under the protection of Hezbollah.[citation needed] By 2002, production had reached 37,000 acres: double what it was the year prior.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In Lebanon, a comeback for cannabis / The Christian Science Monitor, CSMonitor.com, 16 October 2007, retrieved 2011-02-17
  2. ^ Lebanon preparing to legalize growing cannabis, says House speaker / CNN, 18 July 2018, retrieved 2019-03-22
  3. ^ Lebanon to consider legalising medicinal cannabis / Aljazeera, 11 August 2018, retrieved 2019-03-22
  4. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/18/budding-business-how-cannabis-could-transform-lebanon
  5. ^ https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-10-20/lebanese-cannabis-farmers-fight-government-push-for-legalisation/10398140
  6. ^ Robert Connell Clarke (1998). Hashish!. Red Eye Press. ISBN 978-0-929349-05-3.
  7. ^ France. Ministère des affaires étrangères (1925). … Rapport sur la situation de la Syrie et du Liban … Imprimerie nationale. p. 73. Par arrêté du Haut-Commissaire en date du 8 octobre 1925, la culture du haschich, qui était particulièrement intense dans la Békaa (Grand Liban), a été interdite à compter du ier janvier 1926.
  8. ^ Réalités. Spectacle du monde. May 1996. p. 354. Les Américains ne lâchant pas prise, le gouvernement libanais interdisait officiellement la culture du pavot et du cannabis en 1992.
  9. ^ Martin Booth (16 June 2015). Cannabis: A History. St. Martin’s Press. pp. 364–. ISBN 978-1-250-08219-0.