2-Methylbut-3-yn-2-ol

2-Methylbut-3-yn-2-ol
2-Methylbut-3-yn-2-ol.svg
Names
Other names
  • Ethynylmethylcarbinol
  • Dimethylethynylcarbinol
  • 1,1-Dimethyl-2-propyn-1-ol
  • Dimethylethynylmethanol
  • MB
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.700
EC Number 204-070-5
RTECS number ES0810000
UNII
UN number 1987
Properties
C5H8O
Molar mass 84.118 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.86 g/cm3
Melting point 3 °C (37 °F; 276 K)
Boiling point 104 °C (219 °F; 377 K)
good
Hazards
GHS pictograms GHS02: FlammableGHS05: CorrosiveGHS07: HarmfulGHS08: Health hazard
GHS signal word Danger
H225, H226, H302, H315, H318, H319, H335, H361
P201, P202, P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P261, P264, P270, P271, P280, P281, P301+312, P302+352, P303+361+353, P304+340, P305+351+338, P308+313, P310, P312, P321, P330, P332+313
Flash point 20 °C (68 °F; 293 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

2-Methylbut-3-yn-2-ol is the organic compound with the formula HC2C(OH)Me2 (Me = CH3). It is an alkynyl alcohol arising from the condensation of acetylene and acetone. This a colorless volatile liquid is produced on a large scale as a precursor to terpenes and terpenoids.

2-Methylbut-3-yn-2-ol is an intermediate in this industrial route to geraniol.[1]

2-Methylbut-3-yn-2-ol also is used as a monoprotected version of acetylene. For example, after arylation at carbon, the acetone can be removed with base:[2]

HC2C(OH)Me2 + ArX + base → ArC2C(OH)Me2 + [Hbase]X
ArC2C(OH)Me2 → ArC2H + OCMe2

In this regard, 2-methylbut-3-yn-2-ol is used similarly to trimethylsilylacetylene.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eberhard Breitmaier (2006). Terpenes: Flavors, Fragrances, Pharmaca, Pheromones. Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/9783527609949. ISBN 9783527609949.
  2. ^ Gordon, John (2001). "2-Methylbut-3-yn-2-ol". e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. pp. 1–2. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rm157.