World Artistic Gymnastics Championships

The Artistic Gymnastics World Championships[1][2] are the world championships for artistic gymnastics governed by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG). The first edition of the championships was held in 1903, exclusively for male gymnasts. Since the tenth edition of the tournament, in 1934, women's events are held together with men's events. As of 2019, over sixty different editions of the championships have been staged, and over forty different countries have earned medals in both men's and women's artistic gymnastics events. The most successful nation, both in gold medal results and total number of medals, is the former Soviet Union. China is the second most successful country in total medals earned, and Japan is the third. Since the fall of the Soviet block, the traditional powerhouses in men's and women's individual and team events have been Russia, Ukraine, China, United States, Japan, and Romania with increasing results from Great Britain and Brazil and a recent decrease in results from the delegation from Romania. Currently, the championships are held annually in non-Olympic years, and all individual events (event and all-around) are held at every championships. However, the team event is omitted in the year after an Olympic Games.

Championship details[edit]

Year Edition Host City Country Events
(men/women)
First in the Medal Table Second in the Medal Table Third in the Medal Table
1903 1 Antwerp  Belgium 6 / 0  France  Luxembourg  Netherlands
1905 2 Bordeaux  France 5 / 0  France  Netherlands  Belgium
1907 3 Prague  Austria-Hungary 5 / 0  Bohemia  France  Belgium
1909 4 Luxembourg  Luxembourg 5 / 0  France  Italy  Bohemia
1911 5 Turin  Italy 6 / 0  Bohemia  Italy  France
1913 6 Paris  France 6 / 0  Italy  France  Bohemia
1922 7 Ljubljana  Yugoslavia 6 / 0  Yugoslavia  Czechoslovakia  France
1926 8 Lyon  France 6 / 0  Czechoslovakia  Yugoslavia  France
1930 9 Luxembourg  Luxembourg 7 / 0  Yugoslavia  Czechoslovakia  Hungary
1934 10 Budapest  Hungary 8 / 2   Switzerland  Czechoslovakia  Germany
1938 11 Prague  Czechoslovakia 8 / 6  Czechoslovakia   Switzerland  Yugoslavia
1950 12 Basel   Switzerland 8 / 6   Switzerland  Poland  Sweden
1954 13 Rome  Italy 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  Czechoslovakia
1958 14 Moscow  Soviet Union 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  Czechoslovakia
1962 15 Prague  Czechoslovakia 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  Czechoslovakia
1966 16 Dortmund  West Germany 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  Czechoslovakia
1970 17 Ljubljana  SFR Yugoslavia 8 / 6  Japan  Soviet Union  East Germany
1974 18 Varna  Bulgaria 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  East Germany
1978 19 Strasbourg  France 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  United States
1979 20 Fort Worth  United States 8 / 6  Soviet Union  United States  Romania
1981 21 Moscow  Soviet Union 8 / 6  Soviet Union  East Germany  China
1983 22 Budapest  Hungary 8 / 6  Soviet Union  China  Romania
1985 23 Montreal  Canada 8 / 6  Soviet Union  China  East Germany
1987 24 Rotterdam  Netherlands 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Romania  China
1989 25 Stuttgart  West Germany 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Romania  China
1991 26 Indianapolis  United States 8 / 6  Soviet Union  China  Romania
1992 27 Paris  France 6 / 4  CIS  China  United States
1993 28 Birmingham  Great Britain 7 / 5  Belarus  United States  Romania
1994 29 Brisbane  Australia 7 / 5  Belarus  Romania  China
 United States
1994 30 Dortmund  Germany 1 / 1  China
 Romania
N/A  Russia
1995 31 Sabae  Japan 8 / 6  China  Ukraine  Romania
1996 32 San Juan  Puerto Rico 6 / 4  Russia  Romania  Belarus
1997 33 Lausanne   Switzerland 8 / 6  Romania  Russia  China
1999 34 Tianjin  China 8 / 6  Russia  China  Romania
2001 35 Ghent  Belgium 8 / 6  Romania  Russia  Bulgaria
2002 36 Debrecen  Hungary 6 / 4  Romania  China  United States
2003 37 Anaheim  United States 8 / 6  China  United States  Japan
2005 38 Melbourne  Australia 7 / 5  United States  China  Slovenia
2006 39 Aarhus  Denmark 8 / 6  China  Romania  Australia
2007 40 Stuttgart  Germany 8 / 6  China  United States  Germany
2009 41 London  Great Britain 7 / 5  China  United States  Romania
2010 42 Rotterdam  Netherlands 8 / 6  China  Russia  United States
2011 43 Tokyo  Japan 8 / 6  China  United States  Russia
2013 44 Antwerp  Belgium 7 / 5  Japan  United States  China
2014 45 Nanning  China 8 / 6  United States  China  North Korea
2015 46 Glasgow  Great Britain 8 / 6  United States  Japan  Russia
2017 47 Montreal  Canada 7 / 5  China  Japan  Russia
2018 48 Doha  Qatar 8 / 6  United States  China  Russia
2019 49 Stuttgart  Germany 8 / 6 Future event
2021 50 Copenhagen  Denmark 7 / 5 Future event
2022 51 Liverpool  Great Britain 8 / 6 Future event
2023 52 Bogota  Colombia 8 / 6 Future event
Note

In 1931, an unofficial edition of the World Championships took place in Paris, France, with the participation of 10 different national federations.[3]

All-time medal count[edit]

Last updated after the 2018 World Championships.[4][5][6]

Men's events[edit]

Rank Nation Total Gold Silver Bronze
1  Japan 149 46 47 56
2  Soviet Union 138 61 46 31
3  China 119 62 31 26
4  France 73 25 29 19
5   Switzerland 48 19 15 14
6  Czechoslovakia 48 18 16 14
7  Italy 42 13 7 22
8  Russia 42 10 19 13
9  Yugoslavia 34 17 9 8
10  United States 31 8 10 13
11  Belarus 30 12 7 11
12  Bohemia [a] 28 10 8 10
13  Romania 26 12 9 5
14  East Germany 26 6 6 14
15  Germany 25 5 8 12
16  Hungary 24 9 10 5
17  Ukraine 21 4 8 9
18  Bulgaria 21 4 6 11
19  Great Britain 16 2 10 4
20  Netherlands 12 5 5 2
21  Greece 11 7 2 2
22  South Korea 11 6 2 3
23  CIS [c] 10 5 2 3
24 Brazil Brazil 9 3 4 2
25  North Korea 8 6 0 2
26  Finland 8 2 5 1
 West Germany 8 2 5 1
27  Belgium 8 0 4 4
28  Slovenia 7 3 4 0
29  Canada 7 0 3 4
30  Spain 6 2 3 1
31  Australia 5 1 2 2
 Poland 5 1 2 2
32  Luxembourg 5 1 0 4
33  Croatia 3 1 1 1
34  Cuba 4 0 2 2
35  Latvia 3 0 2 1
36  Israel 3 0 1 2
37  Austria-Hungary [b] 2 0 1 1
 Chinese Taipei 2 0 1 1
38  Kazakhstan 1 1 0 0
39  Mexico 1 0 1 0
40  Armenia 1 0 0 1
 Azerbaijan 1 0 0 1
 Philippines 1 0 0 1
 Puerto Rico 1 0 0 1
 Sweden 1 0 0 1
Unattached athlete [d] 1 0 0 1
 Uzbekistan 1 0 0 1
Total 1087 389 353 345

Women's events[edit]

Rank Nation Total Gold Silver Bronze
1  Soviet Union 118 50 40 28
2  Romania 109 36 36 37
3  United States 105 45 35 25
4  Russia 64 23 21 20
5  China 56 20 20 16
6  Czechoslovakia 35 16 13 6
7  East Germany 33 11 7 15
8  Japan 14 2 3 9
9  Ukraine 12 3 4 5
10  Poland 11 4 0 7
11  Hungary 10 2 5 3
12  Italy 8 1 2 5
13  Great Britain 7 3 0 4
14  North Korea 6 2 3 1
15  Germany 6 1 1 4
16  France 6 0 1 5
17  Sweden 5 3 1 1
18  Australia 5 1 2 2
 Uzbekistan 5 1 2 2
19 Brazil Brazil 4 1 1 2
20  Canada 4 0 3 1
21  Netherlands 4 0 3 1
22  Austria 3 1 1 1
23  Bulgaria 3 1 0 2
24  CIS [c] 3 0 1 2
25  Belarus 2 2 0 0
26  Belgium 2 1 0 1
 Spain 2 1 0 1
27  Yugoslavia 2 0 2 0
28   Switzerland 2 0 1 1
29  Cuba 1 0 0 1
 Mexico 1 0 0 1
 Vietnam 1 0 0 1
Total 649 231 208 210

Overall[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union1118659256
2 China825142175
3 United States534538136
4 Japan485065163
5 Romania484542135
6 Czechoslovakia34292083
7 Russia334033106
8 France25302479
9  Switzerland19161550
10 East Germany17132959
11 Yugoslavia1711836
12 Italy1492750
13 Belarus1471132
14 Hungary1115834
15 Bohemia [a]1081028
16 North Korea83314
17 Ukraine7121433
18 Greece72211
19 Germany691631
20 South Korea62311
21 Great Britain510823
22 Netherlands58316
23 Bulgaria561324
24 CIS [c]53513
25 Poland52916
26 Brazil45413
27 Slovenia3407
28 Spain3328
29 Sweden3126
30 Finland2518
 West Germany2518
32 Australia24410
33 Belgium14510
34 Uzbekistan1236
35 Austria1113
 Croatia1113
37 Luxembourg1045
38 Kazakhstan1001
39 Canada06511
40 Cuba0235
41 Latvia0213
42 Israel0123
43 Austria-Hungary [b]0112
 Chinese Taipei0112
 Mexico0112
46 Armenia0011
 Azerbaijan0011
 Philippines0011
 Puerto Rico0011
Unattached athlete [d]0011
 Vietnam0011
Totals (51 nations)6205615551736
Notes

Multiple gold medalists[edit]

Boldface denotes active artistic gymnasts and highest medal count among all artistic gymnasts (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Men[edit]

All events[edit]

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Vitaly Scherbo  Soviet Union
 CIS
 Belarus
1991 1996 12 7 4 23
2 Kōhei Uchimura  Japan 2009 2018 10 6 5 21
3 Joseph Martinez  France 1903 1909 10 1 - 11
4 Yuri Korolyov  Soviet Union 1981 1987 9 3 1 13
5 Dmitry Bilozerchev  Soviet Union 1983 1987 8 4 - 12
6 Li Xiaopeng  China 1997 2005 8 2 1 11
7 Marian Drăgulescu  Romania 2001 2015 8 2 - 10
8 Chen Yibing  China 2006 2011 8 - - 8
9 Eizō Kenmotsu  Japan 1970 1979 7 5 3 15
10 Alexander Dityatin  Soviet Union 1978 1981 7 2 3 12
Akinori Nakayama  Japan 1966 1970 7 2 3 12

Individual events[edit]

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Vitaly Scherbo  Soviet Union
 CIS
 Belarus
1991 1996 11 7 4 22
2 Kōhei Uchimura  Japan 2009 2015 9 3 4 16
3 Marian Drăgulescu  Romania 2001 2015 8 2 - 10
4 Dmitry Bilozerchev  Soviet Union 1983 1987 7 3 - 10
5 Joseph Martinez  France 1903 1909 7 1 - 8
6 Yuri Korolyov  Soviet Union 1981 1987 6 2 1 9
7 Eugen Mack   Switzerland 1934 1938 5 3 1 9
8 Marco Torrès  France 1909 1913 5 3 - 8
9 Akinori Nakayama  Japan 1966 1970 5 2 3 10
Alexei Nemov  Russia 1995 2003 5 2 3 10

Women[edit]

All events[edit]

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Simone Biles  United States 2013 2018 14 3 3 20
2 Svetlana Khorkina  Russia 1994 2003 9 8 3 20
3 Larisa Latynina (Diriy)  Soviet Union 1954 1966 9 4 1 14
4 Gina Gogean  Romania 1993 1997 9 2 4 15
5 Ludmilla Tourischeva  Soviet Union 1970 1974 7 2 2 11
6 Daniela Silivaș  Romania 1985 1989 7 2 1 10
7 Simona Amânar  Romania 1994 1999 6 4 - 10
8 Nellie Kim  Soviet Union 1974 1979 5 4 2 11
Yelena Shushunova  Soviet Union 1985 1987 5 4 2 11
10 Lavinia Miloșovici  Romania 1991 1996 5 3 5 13

Individual events[edit]

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Simone Biles  United States 2013 2018 11 3 3 17
2 Svetlana Khorkina  Russia 1994 2003 9 5 2 16
3 Larisa Latynina  Soviet Union 1958 1962 6 3 1 10
4 Gina Gogean  Romania 1993 1997 6 2 4 12
5 Daniela Silivaș  Romania 1985 1989 6 - 1 7
6 Ludmilla Tourischeva  Soviet Union 1970 1974 5 2 2 9
7 Maxi Gnauck  East Germany 1979 1983 5 1 - 6
Shannon Miller  United States 1991 1994 5 1 - 6
9 Yelena Shushunova  Soviet Union 1985 1987 4 3 2 9
10 Helena Rakoczy  Poland 1950 1954 4 - 3 7
Note

Few non-primary sources state that at the 1938 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, in Prague, Vlasta Děkanová of Czechoslovakia won 2 or 3 golds on multiple apparatuses. According to some sources, Děkanová and her compatriot Matylda Pálfyová shared gold medals in parallel bars (this event was replaced with uneven bars in the women's program at all subsequent world championships), while others state that Pálfyová shared this victory with Polish gymnast Marta Majowska, not Děkanová. The only primary source on the subject, a book officially released by the International Gymnastics Federation containing the results of the World Championships from 1903 to 2005, informs that medals were distributed only in the team all-around event and in the individual all-around event. Therefore, according to official reports, Děkanová's official number of gold medals is four, two in individual all-round (1934 and 1938) and two in team events (1934 and 1938) - not six or seven.[7]

List of women who won medals in every event at the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships[edit]

main article

Best results of top nations by event[edit]

Event  CHN  GDR  HUN  ITA  JPN  POL  ROU  RUS  SWE  TCH  UKR  URS  USA
W
A
G
Team 1st, gold medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)
Individual All-Around 2nd, silver medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)
Vault 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) - 6 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)
Uneven Bars 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)
Balance Beam 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) - 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)
Floor Exercise 1st, gold medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) - 1st, gold medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "47th FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Championships MONTREAL (CAN)". live.fig-gymnastics.com. Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  2. ^ "48th FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Championships DOHA (QAT)". www.fig-gymnastics.com. Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  3. ^ Geocities - Ilia Belov
  4. ^ MenuHistoricalMedallists
  5. ^ 45th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships Nanning (CHN) 2014 Oct 3-12
  6. ^ 46th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships Glasgow (GBR) 2015 Oct 23 - Nov 1
  7. ^ a b c Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (2005). 125th Anniversary - The story goes on... FIG.
  8. ^ a b FIG - Official historical results

External links[edit]