AB-001

AB-001
AB-001 structure.png
Legal status
Legal status
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
Formula C24H31NO
Molar mass 349.508 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
 ☒N☑Y (what is this?)  (verify)

AB-001 or 1-pentyl-3-(1-adamantoyl)indole is a designer drug that was found as an ingredient in synthetic cannabis smoking blends in Ireland in 2010 and Hungary and Germany in 2011.[1][2][3] It is unclear who AB-001 was originally developed by, but it is structurally related to compounds such as AM-1248 and its corresponding 1-(tetrahydropyran-4-ylmethyl) analogue, which are known to be potent cannabinoid agonists with moderate to high selectivity for CB2 over CB1.[4][5] The first published synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of AB-001 revealed that it acts as a full agonist at CB1 (EC50 = 35 nM) and CB2 receptors (EC50 = 48 nM).[6] However, AB-001 was found to possess only weak cannabimimetic effects in rats at doses up to 30 mg/kg, making it less potent than the carboxamide analogue APICA, which possesses potent cannabimimetic activity at doses of 3 mg/kg.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jankovics P, Váradi A, Tölgyesi L, Lohner S, Németh-Palotás J, Balla J (January 2012). “Detection and identification of the new potential synthetic cannabinoids 1-pentyl-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole and 1-pentyl-3-(1-adamantoyl)indole in seized bulk powders in Hungary”. Forensic Science International. 214 (1–3): 27–32. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.07.011. PMID 21813254.
  2. ^ Research on Head Shop drugs in Dublin: Part 2
  3. ^ Grigoryev A, Kavanagh P, Melnik A (June 2012). “The detection of the urinary metabolites of 3-[(adamantan-1-yl)carbonyl]-1-pentylindole (AB-001), a novel cannabimimetic, by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry”. Drug Testing and Analysis. 4 (6): 519–24. doi:10.1002/dta.350. PMID 22102533.
  4. ^ US patent 7820144, Makriyannis A, Deng H, “Receptor selective cannabimimetic aminoalkylindoles”, granted 2010-10-26 
  5. ^ Frost JM, Dart MJ, Tietje KR, Garrison TR, Grayson GK, Daza AV, El-Kouhen OF, Yao BB, Hsieh GC, Pai M, Zhu CZ, Chandran P, Meyer MD (January 2010). “Indol-3-ylcycloalkyl ketones: effects of N1 substituted indole side chain variations on CB(2) cannabinoid receptor activity”. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 53 (1): 295–315. doi:10.1021/jm901214q. PMID 19921781.
  6. ^ a b Banister SD, Wilkinson SM, Longworth M, Stuart J, Apetz N, English K, Brooker L, Goebel C, Hibbs DE, Glass M, Connor M, McGregor IS, Kassiou M (July 2013). “The synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of adamantane-derived indoles: cannabimimetic drugs of abuse”. ACS Chemical Neuroscience. 4 (7): 1081–92. doi:10.1021/cn400035r. PMC 3715837. PMID 23551277.