|AHFS/Drugs.com||Multum Consumer Information|
|By mouth (tablets)|
|Protein binding||>99% (both telotristat ethyl and telotristat)|
|Metabolism||Hydrolysis via carboxylesterases|
|Elimination half-life||0.6 hours (telotristat ethyl), 5 hours (telotristat)|
|Excretion||Feces (92.8%), urine (less than 0.4%)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||838.8696 g/mol g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Telotristat ethyl (USAN, brand name Xermelo) is a prodrug of telotristat, which is an inhibitor of tryptophan hydroxylase. It is formulated as telotristat etiprate — a hippurate salt of telotristat ethyl.
On February 28, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Xermelo in combination with somatostatin analog (SSA) therapy for the treatment of adults with diarrhea associated with carcinoid syndrome that SSA therapy alone has inadequately controlled.
Common adverse effects noted in clinical trials include nausea, headache, elevated liver enzymes, depression, accumulation of fluid causing swelling (peripheral edema), flatulence, decreased appetite, and fever. Constipation is also common, and may be serious or life-threatening (especially in overdose).
- “Xermelo (telotristat ethyl) Tablets, for Oral Use. Full Prescribing Information” (PDF). Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 8800 Technology Forest Place. The Woodlands, TX 77381. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
- “FDA Approves Xermelo for Carcinoid Syndrome Diarrhea”. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. February 28, 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
- Kulke, M; Hörsch, D; Caplin, M; Anthony, L; Bergsland, E; Oberg, K; Welin, S; Warner, R; Bohas, CL; Kunz, PL; Grande, E; Valle, JW; Lapuerta, P; Banks, P; Jackson, S; Jiang, W; Biran, T; Pavel, M (1 October 2016). “Integrated Placebo-Controlled Safety Analysis from Clinical Studies of Telotristat Ethyl for the Treatment of Carcinoid Syndrome”. Annals of Oncology. 27 (6): 136–48. doi:10.1093/annonc/mdw369.07.
- “FDA approves Xermelo for carcinoid syndrome diarrhea”. FDA. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- Xermelo (telotristat ethyl) Official Web Site
- Kulke, MH; O’Dorisio, T; Phan, A; Bergsland, E; Law, L; Banks, P; Freiman, J; Frazier, K; Jackson, J; Yao, JC; Kvols, L; Lapuerta, P; Zambrowicz, B; Fleming, D; Sands, A (October 2014). “Telotristat Etiprate, a Novel Serotonin Synthesis Inhibitor, in Patients with Carcinoid Syndrome and Diarrhea not Adequately Controlled by Octreotide”. Endocrine-Related Cancer. 21 (5): 705–14. doi:10.1530/ERC-14-0173. PMC 4295770. PMID 25012985.