André Thouin

André Thouin (10 February 1746 – 24 October 1824) was a French botanist born in Paris. His younger brother, Gabriel Thouin (1747–1829), was a noted landscape architect.

He studied botany under Bernard de Jussieu, and in 1793 attained the chair of horticulture at the Muséum national d’histoire naturelle in Paris. He was a good friend of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, and the godfather of Jean Baptiste Lamarck‘s son Andre. He is denoted by the author abbreviation Thouin when citing a botanical name.

André Thouin

Thouin is remembered for contributions made in the field of agronomy, including scientific studies that involved improved grafting techniques and seed selection. He played an important role in the reshaping of Natural History in France during the revolution.[1] He was a pioneer conservationist, stressing the importance of replacing woodlands to compensate for their destruction due to human encroachment.

The plant genus Thouinia (family Sapindaceae) is named after him.[2][3] As a taxonomist he described at least 15 new species.[4]

Selected publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heintzman, Kit (2018). “A cabinet of the ordinary: domesticating veterinary education, 1766–1799” (PDF). The British Journal for the History of Science. doi:10.1017/S0007087418000274.
  2. ^ BHL Taxonomic literature : a selective guide to botanical publications
  3. ^ The Plant List Thouinia
  4. ^ IPNI Plant names published by Thouin
  5. ^ IPNI.  Thouin.
  • This article incorporates information based on a translation of an equivalent article at the French Wikipedia.