‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Umar Zain al-Din al-Dimashqi
‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Umar Zain al-Din al-Dimashqi, commonly known as Al-Jawbari (Arabic: الجوبري; fl. 619/1222) was a medieval Syrian Arab author and scholar known for his denunciation of alchemy. Born in Jawbar, Syria, Al-Jawbari traveled extensively throughout the Islamic Empire, including visits as far as India. Among other locations, the scholar lived in Harrân and Kôniya.
Al-Jawbari wrote the “Book of Selected Disclosure of Secrets” (Kitāb al-mukhtār fī kashf al-asrār), exposing the fraudulence he had seen practiced by alchemists and money changers. He wrote of “the people of al-Kimya (alchemists) who know three hundred ways of making dupes.” The book also describes the preparation of rose water.
- Al-Hassan, A. Y. (2001). Science and technology in Islam. The Different Aspects of Islamic Culture. 2. UNESCO. p. 56. ISBN 92-3-103830-3.
- Sarton, George (1975). Introduction to the history of science. R.E. Krieger Pub. Co. p. 635. ISBN 0882751727.
- Forbes, Robert (1970). A Short History of the Art of Distillation: From the Beginnings Up to the Death of Cellier Blumenthal. Brill. p. 45. ISBN 9004006176.
- Abrahams, Harold J. (1 July 1984). “Al-Jawbari on False Alchemists”. Ambix. 31 (2): 84–88. doi:10.1179/000269884790224874.
- Forbes, R. J. (1970). A Short History of the Art of Distillation: From the Beginnings Up to the Death of Cellier Blumenthal. BRILL. p. 45. ISBN 9789004006171.