Aboriginal self-determination refers to the governance and decision-making power of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. It is the right of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to determine their own political status and pursue their own economic, social and cultural interests. Self-determination asserts that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples should direct and implement Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander policy formulation and provision of services. Self-determination encompasses both Aboriginal land rights and self-governance.
From the 1970s to 1990s, the Australian government supported aboriginal groups moving from large settlements in remote areas back to outstation communities in formerly traditional lands. Also from the early 1970s, aboriginal communities began running their own health services, legal services, and housing cooperatives.
- Aboriginal land rights
- 1967 Australian referendum (Aboriginals)
- Indigenous rights
- Mabo v Queensland (No 2)
- Native title in Australia
- Terror nullius
- Voting rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples
- Wik Peoples v Queensland
- "Right to self determination". Australian Human Rights Commission. Australian Government. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- "Aboriginal self-determination and autonomy". Creative Spirits. Creative Spirits. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- Kowal, Emma (2008). "The Politics of the Gap: Indigenous Australians, Liberal Multiculturalism, and the End of the Self-Determination Era - KOWAL - 2008 - American Anthropologist - Wiley Online Library". American Anthropologist. 110 (3): 338–348. doi:10.1111/j.1548-1433.2008.00043.x.